The realities of today are such that knowledge of a foreign language has become a necessity for everyone, even if a person does not claim to be a translator or teacher. English is undoubtedly the most universal, since it is considered an additional official in many countries. Thus, the question of his study today is particularly relevant.
How to learn a foreign language?
There are a lot of ways to speak in a non-native language. The most qualitative, from the point of view that it has a guaranteed positive result, certainly implies enrollment for courses at a language school. Even schoolchildren have resorted to such a step, since general education establishments provide knowledge at an intermediate level and do not always imply deepening into a specific subject. After all, it is believed that the development of a person in a particular industry begins after school, which means there is no need to modify the educational process.
However, for the courses to really help raise the level of language skills, it is important to seriously consider the choice of the place where the classes will be held. You should familiarize yourself with the teaching staff, among which it is desirable that there is a native speaker (foreigner). In addition, it is recommended to learn about the size of groups: where 5-7 people are recruited, the learning process is more productive than with a group size of 25 people. The more time the teacher gives to each student, the higher the chance of correcting individual errors and improving skills.
The easiest way to understand is whether this or that school is suitable for you by visiting a trial open lesson. If, in communicating with a teacher, you feel discomfort of various kinds (do not confuse this with the exactingness of the teacher), it is better not to continue cooperation with him.
A different, more efficient, but also more costly, method is the lessons of a private tutor. The essence remains the same as in the courses, but there are important and attractive nuances here. First, the time and place: the tutor has a flexible schedule, which means you do not have to ask for leave from work or school, and also go through the whole city at rush hour and late to return. You can invite at a convenient time to your home, to engage in a familiar atmosphere.
Secondly, all 1-1.5 hours of the teacher will be at your disposal, therefore, it will be possible to pass a larger volume and correct more errors. 1 individual lesson in effectiveness can compete with 2-3 group. The lack of lessons from the tutor is only in their high cost.
And the least expensive way to learn a foreign language is independent work. There are a lot of nuances here, but the greatest difficulty for students is the need to force yourself to set aside time and devote yourself to it. When no one sets tight deadlines, does not push, does not scold for outstanding tasks, you can endlessly move time and days, say that some things are understandable, some can be studied later, some will not be useful at all. In addition, the likelihood of learning something wrong will certainly increase. And the opportunity to develop conversational skills, by contrast, falls. However, these negative aspects of home self-study can be avoided.
Methods of learning English quickly
So, if a decision is made to engage in independent study of the English language, it is required to find a serious motivation that will not allow to abandon the process at the initial stage. And also to designate specific dates: for example, in a week you can make a short but informative text about yourself, and in a month write an essay on a simple topic of 150-200 words. Terms and tasks should be set real, in accordance with your initial level and abilities. Otherwise, either you will start to study carelessly, or you will unnecessarily rush, which will be at the expense of quality. But the presence of the framework is necessary, because it allows you to make the dream a feasible goal.
As for the other negative aspects of home self-study, many of them really get around. However, it is immediately worth understanding that the most effective such language learning will be when it comes not from the zero level, but with minimal basic knowledge. It is assumed that a person understands how letters are read and spelled, how the sound changes in open and closed syllables, etc. If until now English has not been completely studied, it is recommended to take several lessons from a tutor in order to get a base from which you can continue to work independently. Otherwise, all the results will be not only useless, but also negative.
In addition to textbooks that are worth buying, and which can be both in paper and electronic form, it is important to have additional (side) familiarity with the language. For example, reading books, newspapers, magazines, and even simple short texts of 2-3 sentences. These are not necessarily purposeful hours of reading: it’s enough just a few times a day to glance over words and phrases. Visual memory will catch the shape and fix the necessary moments in the subconscious. The same applies to hearing: English-language songs are ideal for unconscious vocabulary replenishment and foreign speech recognition training. The more distinct the text in them, the better.
Learning to read, however, is desirable immediately right. The most reasonable is the option of reading out loud, when not only the spelling of a word is remembered, but also its pronunciation and sound. In addition, it is advisable to check every unfamiliar word in the dictionary, write it out in a notebook, and mark its meaning next to it. Ideally, if in addition to him to write an explanation in English. As skills are improved and the stock is expanded, it is recommended to use not an English-Russian dictionary, but purely English, where each word has an explanation in the same language.
Since, as already mentioned, it is worth reading fiction, not just textbooks, you can use a fairly effective method: after each chapter you read, make a short commentary review of the main events in it. Of course, this is done in English.
Dr. The problem arising from the independent study of a foreign language is the difficulty with training the ear. The advice that all qualified teachers give is as follows: try to weaken a little attention, including audio recording, do not try to guess the words. It is important for you to make out a speech, even if its meaning cannot be immediately understood. Let the 1st and 2nd audition go only to the identification of words (their boundaries, approximate morphology), on the 3rd, very slow, you can begin to divide the speech into sentences. The 4th will be broken by stops into small pieces, which will begin to be translated into Russian. And it is worth remembering that the ease of reading a speech by its sound depends on the volume of the listener's vocabulary and the clarity of the speaker’s diction.
How to speak English?
No matter how good the level of a person who speaks a foreign language is, but if the ability to speak it is minimal, all this knowledge, by and large, almost does not represent values. According to statistics, more than 30% of those who speak written English verbally make difficult sentences and cannot always even tell about themselves. No need to talk about the full maintenance of the conversation. This is because the skill of speaking in the process of learning, especially self-directed, attention is paid last.
Even in the case when there is no English-speaking interlocutor, you need to speak a foreign language. Let it be communication with oneself or simple reading aloud, but it will be a good impetus to the development of oral speech. It is especially important to overcome the fear of speaking: many people are not able to relate a few words, not because they do not know what to say, but because they are afraid for the correct construction of the sentence, the wording of the question, the correctness of the answer, and more. etc. This psychological barrier is required to overcome, literally forcing yourself to speak English more often. This practice is not an exam at school, and no one will evaluate every word. But without such attempts, albeit awkward, with errors, progress will not happen.
The maximum benefit in studying English will be given by practice in another country, where you will have to communicate with people who do not speak Russian, where no one will laugh at the fact that you have an accent or speech is not ideal from the point of view of the rules.
Remember that spoken English does not obey grammar: it is simpler than what is offered in school and college. Therefore, if you are still tormented by the question "how to learn English?", Use the above tips and stop postponing this occupation indefinitely: after the first step, the movement will go by inertia.