Schizantus - this is quite a spectacular plant is not so often found in the flower beds of Russia. However, it deserves more distribution. Its luxurious flowers resemble the flowers of an exotic orchid.
Schizantus is an annual plant. The stem has an erect, branched, covered with sticky glandular hairs. Leaves are green, pinnately dissected, covered with hairs, like stems.
The flowers are white, yellow, pink, lilac, salmon, red, crimson, purple.
The schisantus blooms from May to September, sometimes (with protection from the cold) to October. The flowers are covered with a variety of patterns: colored spots, stripes, speckles, borders. The shape of the flowers is wrong. Seeds are small, bean-shaped, dark gray or brown-brown.
Types of schisantus
The most common among the cultural species of the schizantus are two species.
- Schizanthus Graham- herbaceous plant, reaching a height of 60cm. Stems hard, strongly branched, slightly pubescent. The flowers are small, bright pink with a long lower and short upper lip. There are a lot of yellow spots on the flowers with purple touches. A lot of varieties of this species with white, carmine and purple flowers have been found.
- Schizanthus feathery- pubescent plant, reaching a height of 45cm. Stems branched. The flowers are purple, clustered in racemes at the top. The lower lip of the flower is divided into three parts. There are purple spots at the base.
- Received a hybrid of these two types - Schizantus of Viseton. Arguably, this is the most beautiful hybrid of all. In height reaches 80cm. The flowers are very diverse and unusual in their color. There are varieties of this hybrid with scarlet-carmine, brilliantly-carmine flowers and the most diverse and bizarre.
Breeders deduced the following groups of schisantus: tall (90cm.), Medium tall (half a meter), undersized (30cm.) And dwarfed (15-25cm.).
Schizanthus is very picky about light and soil fertility. If there is not enough light and nutrition, then it is strongly drawn out and weakly blooms. Therefore, sunny places with fertile soils are best suited for planting.
Water the plant moderately. Schizanthus does not tolerate excessive amounts of water in the soil. Although dry air and soil also adversely affect it. Therefore, the summer sun he suffers poorly. Feed the schizantus during the period of active growth every week, but little by little (a complex fertilizer will do).
Reproduced schisantus seeds. Their germination persists for two to three years. When sowing their seeds, they are lightly sprinkled with earth and cover the container with glass.
If you want the schisantus to bloom profusely in early spring, you must sow the seeds in early fall. But so that they do not freeze, they must be well covered. For early summer flowering, seeds are sown around early April. Then the plants will bloom in early July, but not as abundant as early spring.
At a temperature of 16-18 ° C shoots appear in two weeks. They dive (to cause branching of the shoots) when two or more leaflets appear. Contain them with moderate watering, moderate temperature and high humidity. In the open ground seedlings are planted at the end of the spring frosts.
It is interesting to note that when planting a schisantus, weak and small seedlings can not be rejected. Because often they have the most unusual, fancy coloring of flowers. The soil near the young plants are regularly weeded and loosened.
Schizantus pests and diseases
The most common disease in schizantus is anthracnose. This is a disease of the fungal nature. Spots of rot appear on the leaves and peduncles. After that, the plant dries completely. To save him in this case is no longer possible. It is necessary to remove the affected specimens and treat the remaining healthy plants for the prevention of copper-containing fungicides.
Schizantus can be grown not only in the garden, but also at home as a houseplant. For him fit warm, bright, well-ventilated balconies. It is possible to grow schisantus at home in winter, and in the summer to make pots of plants outside.
Schizantus is an incredibly beautiful plant. They are very good to decorate the paths and flower beds. Also, these cut flowers look good in bouquets.
Especially for womeninahomeoffice.com.ru - Margot