Passionflower, or passionflower, has beautiful flowers, as well as many useful properties. We will describe in this article how to properly transplant passionflora and what conditions of care to provide for it.
Need to from time to time spray the plant with perfectly settled or filtered water at room temperature. In winter, sprinkling is carried out in the case of a sufficiently warm wintering, if the air in the room is dry. For the growth of humidity, it is allowed to identify a plant on a pallet with wet claydite, pebbles, peat or other porous material.
With very low humidity bud fall or the emergence of spider mites.
In the unheated period of the plant, it is allowed to withstand a clear air, into an almost hot solar space, however, it is necessary to equip evenly to a different level of illumination. If in the autumn-winter period, the number of clear days is very small, which is not enough for this plant, then in spring, with an increase in the length of daylight hours, the plant should be raised evenly to avoid sunburn. In the winter period, the illumination with fluorescent lamps is desirable.Water abundantly in summer, in accordance with the smallest measurement, in a day and a half, in winter, during the period of calm, - less often, once in 7-10 days.
Care for Passiflora
- Temperature:Moderate or cold, in summer from 18 to 24 ° C. In a very warm room, the leaves turn yellow and dry, buds and plants appear very small or do not appear at all, the plant soon loses its decorative appeal. Since autumn passionflower needs in the coldest room with a temperature of about 13-16 ° C. If you lack the ability to feed passiflora in the winter in the cool, it is better to grow it as an annual plant, restoring every spring from the grains. In a warm room with a heating system, passionflower will become bald, having lost all the leaves and may even disappear.
- Fertilizer:From early April to early September, with fertilizers for indoor blooming plants, the dose is taken about 2 times smaller than recommended. Feed should every 2 weeks.
How to sow and transplant passiflora?
Propagated by this plant cuttings seed propagation happens extremely rarely.
Sunflower seeds sown in February - March in containers filled with a substrate that consists of equal parts of humus soil, peat and, of course, sand. It is necessary to maintain a temperature of about 20-24 ° C, quite often to spray and ventilate the room in which the plant stands. Dive when seedlings seem shaped 2 leaves, about one in 7-centimeter pots.
Propagate passiflora springd - early summer, apical cuttings or root descendants. Mainly use the remaining segments of the trunks. They are divided into segments having at least 2 leaflets. Before planting, the lower ends of the cuttings should be washed to prevent rotting, and then cuts are covered with wood ash. The cuttings are planted in a substrate consisting of equal parts of at least some humus soil and sand. For better and quicker rooting, you need the highest temperature of air and earth - not less than 25 ° C. It is better to use mini greenhouses with bottom heating. Capacity with cuttings cover with a colorless cap or plastic bag, occasionally ventilated. When rooting plays an important role continuously maintained the highest humidity of the earth. The cuttings are often watered and sprayed with warm water.
Excellent is the introduction of cuttings in the water. In this case, you need not a bad explanation (preferably artificial lighting or confused light), and the top fraction of cuttings is great to catch with a plastic bag. Do not forget that in the cool cuttings rooted wrong.
Traditionally, in a month, they are allowed to be transplanted to the same space in a loose nutrient mixture of soil, humus, sod land, peat and sand in equal shares. Young plants start to bloom for the next year.
Passifloras will soon grow- the more space you give to the roots, the more the plant grows. With an annual transplant, it is just allowed to walk in large tubs, therefore it is recommended replant mature plants once in 2 - 3 years. Passionflower does not require picking into huge pots, if there is no need for a huge plant. For mature plants, instead of transplants, it is allowed to create a substitution of the upper (2.5 - 5 cm) potted soil for the newest abundant. Transplant passionflower in spring, at the end of March - the beginning of April. During transplantation, long shoots are shortened - central trunks 15 to 20 cm high from the base, side branches 5 to 10 cm each. The plant prefers humus, neutral or slightly acidic soil (pH near 6). Allowed to make a mixture consisting of approximately the same shares of turf, soil, humus, peat and sand. The plant grows well in hydroponics. The transplanted plants of the first time watered cautiously, evenly increasing the watering in proportion to the appearance of new shoots.
If you want to grow a huge plant, use a pot 25-50 cm across, especially for large species. If space for plants is limited, use a small pot that will support root growth, and pruning pruning.. Growing plants in a small pot with all the criteria is not an obstacle to flowering. The type of pot has no meaning - the plants in a clay pot require the most frequent watering.
Useful properties of passiflora
In the literature on medical use of passiflora in the guise of tea or herbal preparations, it is almost unanimously stated that it is excellent for insomnia, stress, states of various motives, epilepsy and tetanus. With the support of passiflora, heal heart neuroses and inconstancy of blood circulation, labile blood effects. Particularly well she acts as a sedative mixed with valerian, hops and hunters.
Passionflower is one of the more effective herbal sedatives.and natural tranquilizer. Passionflower relieves effort and promotes sleep regulation, has a positive effect on the nervous system, especially in the period of hormonal disorders, can be useful in conditions of anxiety, tension, headaches and insomnia, effective for frequent asthma attacks, involuntary convulsions and high blood pressure caused by the nervous condition. Passiflora is used as a sedative. for patients with neurasthenic complaints and disorders on the background of various diseases of the nervous system (sclerosis, hypertension, post-influenza encephalitis and arachnoiditis).
Passiflora extract is incredibly well used in the treatment of alcoholism. In chronic alcoholism, the extract of this plant weakens craving and the desire to drink alcohol, reducing agitation and exaltation, and returns patients to normal, adequate behavior. There are some contraindications.. Passiflora extract is contraindicated for angina, myocardial infarction, with severe atherosclerosis. It is impossible to combine the extract of this plant with the intake of anti-depressant MAO inhibitors (monoamine oxidase).
Important information!It is prohibited to use passionflower as a medicinal plant for pregnant women and breastfeeding!
Check with the doctor!