Buying an orchid with bright buds, I want to see this beauty every day. But over time, the flowers dry up, fall off, and new flower stalks are in no hurry to appear even after a period of rest. In some cases, the plant may not please the flowers and 2, and 3 years. What do flower growers do if their favorite orchid does not bloom anymore?
Orchid is a very beautiful exotic plant with a rich palette of large colorful flowers. She, like a miracle of nature, charms with its tenderness, not leaving anyone indifferent. But even experienced growers plant orchids with caution - because of their demanding and capriciousness.
In nature, plants grow in a tropical climate with alternating periods of drought and heavy rainfall and high humidity. At home, they need to create exactly the same conditions. Only by feeling a complete resemblance to the native climate, they will reward you with a chic and long bloom.
Why does not the orchid bloom and what to do?
In order to stimulate the plant to bloom, it is desirable to begin to identify the reasons that prevent it from releasing bright buds. Perhaps, getting acquainted with them, you will already know what to do if your orchid stops blooming. Negative flowering affect:
- transplants during budding;
- frequent watering and constant humidity;
- plentiful top dressing with nitrogen fertilizers (in this case, the plant will grow only fleshy leaves);
- warm shower
Only by eliminating all adverse factors, you can try to "encourage" the plant to bloom, creating certain conditions for it.
How to make a beautiful flower?
A surprising fact: it is at the beginning flower growers that the orchids bloom most often. As practice shows, the typical mistakes of such amateurs are the choice of southern windows (and the resulting high temperature difference) and irregular watering (which the plant actually needs).
What to do if orchids do not bloom for a long time? The fundamental answer to this question is proper watering. In order to begin to form flower buds, it should be limited, and sharply. This simulates a dry period in the tropics, in the homeland of the plant.
At home, watering the orchids is stopped for 10-12 days, necessarily lowering the ambient air temperature at night by at least 3 degrees, then increasing it again. Watering must alternate with periods of "drought", so that the roots of the orchid and the ground are completely dry.
What to do with lighting to bloom orchids?
For the formation of full-fledged peduncles, almost all types of orchids need a long daylight time - 14 hours. Indoors, adequate illumination of the plants can only be ensured by using artificial light sources. A regular ceiling chandelier alone cannot cope with such a mission. As an additional lighting, use only fluorescent lamps with a power not exceeding 40 W, placing them no closer than 30 cm from the highest orchid. At the same time, even a small distance of the light source from the plant many times reduces its chances of flowering. Do not use incandescent bulbs because they heat the leaves and cause burns.
Different types of orchids require different natural lighting. Some people feel excellently, basking in the sun, and grow beautifully on the southern windows without any penumbra. Other direct sunlight, on the contrary, is contraindicated due to the sensitivity of their foliage. So, if it is cattleya, papiopedilum, phalaenopsis, then the best place for their growth is the eastern windows. If the apartment windows overlook the south side, place orchids at a distance of 60 cm from the brightly lit window sill.
Dendrobium, Brassia, Epidendrum, Oncidium bloom only in moderate light. The ideal place for them - Western windows. On the south side, they should be no closer than 30 cm from the window sill.
Wanda and hybrids of this species require good lighting. They can be safely put on the window sills of the southern windows: the foliage is not afraid of burns.
It is noteworthy that when all the flowers bloom on the orchid, you can put it in any dark corner of your home.
What to do if the orchid does not bloom for 2 years, despite the fact that you have provided it with the correct watering and sufficient lighting? The point may be in the ambient temperature. For these exotic plants, coolness is most favorable (16-200WITH).
The absence of peduncles or their complete dropping during the flowering period can be caused by drafts or by blowing plants with air streams from split systems.
How to feed the capricious?
Novice flower growers often make the same mistake, feeding orchids in strict accordance with the instructions on the fertilizer - 2 times a week. And, as a result, they often wonder what to do if the orchid does not bloom, but only leaves. In this case, will have to stop feeding.
It is possible to apply fertilizer to the soil substrate only when distinctly visible flower stalks appear on a tropical crop. From this point on, you need to feed regularly until the first flower blooms. As soon as the plant has flowered, no more fertilizers can be applied. Even a small number of them can provoke a fall of flowers and not yet opened buds.
Before buying special fertilizers for orchids, be sure to familiarize yourself with the constituent elements and their proportions. Nitrogen and potassium should be present in equal amounts, the phosphorus content may be slightly larger.
But still the best “dressing” for the beautiful orchid is the lighting it needs. Exotic plants require certain growing conditions, and pampering them with fertilizers is unnecessary.
The better habitat conditions you provide to the plant during the formation of flowering buds, the more abundant, more luxuriant and longer it will bloom. Now, knowing what to do if the orchid does not bloom, and having comprehended the secrets of its proper cultivation, you can without a fear buy yourself a tropical charmer and admire her extraordinary beauty with flowers.