Japan - a country covered with many legends. Its inhabitants endow each representative of wildlife with the qualities inherent in man. A special place in the symbolism used by the inhabitants of this country is reserved for cranes - graceful birds whose height reaches 1.5 m. Having created a crane using paper origami technique, you will get an excellent decoration for your home.
Japanese cranes - an obligatory component of myths and legends. The inhabitants of the Land of the Rising Sun believe that white cranes, whose head is covered with red feathers, and their tail and wings black, can turn into people, or rather, into monks. Identification with people explains the trepidation that the Japanese feel towards these birds.
If you wish, you can "settle" at home miniature image of these proud birds, made of paper. They will be a great interior decoration. In addition, crane cranes created in paper technique represent faith in longevity. Such crafts were made in the Middle Ages and were used as a gift to loved ones.
There is a belief that a person who wishes to, must lay down a thousand figures of paper cranes - origami. And then his dream will come true. According to legend, even a deadly disease can retreat if this condition is met. The veracity of such an assertion at one time was attempted by a Japanese girl, Sadako Sasaki, who was a victim of radiation sickness after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. A total of 357 paper cranes separated a 14-year-old adolescent patient from fulfilling a wish - getting rid of an illness. But after Sadako's death, her friends continued the work begun by creating figures, which were not enough to get a “flock” of a thousand origami cranes. In memory of the courageous girl in Japan, a monument was created. It is designed as a girl holding a paper crane in her hands - a symbol of peace and faith in longevity.
You can independently create this original craft without much effort. It will serve as an excellent home decoration, addition to any gift or a toy for a child.
Stages of creating origami
So, how to make a crane out of paper?
All you need is a square piece of paper and a little patience! Do not forget that the paper crane should perfectly keep its shape. And therefore it is better to use special, thick enough paper for origami to create crafts.
Fold the sheet in half in a horizontal direction. Gently swipe the fold line with your hand to make it as visible as possible.
Expand the sheet, and then fold it again, but vertically, like a book. Iron the fold line again. Then straighten a sheet of paper. You will have a square, in the middle of which there will be 2 lines crossed at right angles, dividing it into 4 equal sectors.
Then you need to do the same manipulations, but in the horizontal direction. To do this, the upper right corner must be attached to the lower left. Iron the folded place and fold the sheet. After that, attach the upper left corner to the lower right, smooth out the fold.
Now you need to fold the square, reducing it by 4 times. To do this, grab the lower right side of the halves near you and gently bend it towards the middle. A sheet of paper folded along the previously marked lines. The resulting figure externally should be similar to the "head" of a kite. In order to properly solve the problem of how to make a crane out of paper, focus on the photo.
The bottom corners of the rhombus formed after your manipulations need to be bent to the middle crease, which runs strictly along the center of the paper figure.
Carefully bend the top corner like a "valve" in the mail envelope. Smooth out the resulting figure so that it better keeps its shape.
Gently bend the 3 corners, after which you will have a figure resembling a barely opened bud.
The top of the square should be carefully turned up. At the same time, be guided by the previously formed inflection lines. At the top of the rhombus are 2 folds that should be arched in the other direction.
The outer edges, bent like wings, should be reduced to the center of crafts. You will have a smooth, elongated rhombus.
Turn the resulting figure the other side to him. Again, fold the corners of the rhombus, located in its upper part, towards the middle of the geometric figure. Make sure that they touch the center line. Continue with the above sequence of actions displayed on the photo.
Then fold the outer edges of the elongated diamond to the middle line of the figure.
The right fold is bent in the direction of the left, after which the next crane should be turned over. The outer edges of the figure bend to the middle part and on the second side, and then the right fold bends to the left.
The bottom corner of the upper part of the figure is folded with the top - for both sides of the paper figure.
The right fold folds toward the left, like a book page. The same manipulation should be repeated for the second side of the future crane. You will have a bird's head and tail located between the wings. They are raised up, parallel to each other.
Carefully bend the wings of the crane down, perpendicular to the rest of the figure: the head, tail and torso.
Make the bird's head more prominent by folding its tip.
How to make a crane out of paper, using the resulting blank? Hold the fingers of one hand behind the head, and the second - by the tail. Gently pull them in opposite directions. The figure will finish. And the head and tail will be located on the outer edges of the future bird.
Spread the cranes of the wings, making his body more voluminous.
If you are unable to make a figure that perfectly adheres to the shape given to it, replace the paper with foil. Figures derived from such material look very original. In addition, they are much more durable compared to their paper "brothers".
And what about those who are uncomfortable using a master class with a photo? They will surely have an origami crawler, which is shown below. A visual, schematic description of the sequence of all necessary actions will allow you to get a beautiful, three-dimensional figure - a symbol of endurance, hope, longevity and happiness.
How can paper cranes be used?
Such figures can be used for thematic design of children's holidays, birthdays, etc. It is enough to stitch a few bright, colorful cranes on the threads and hang them indoors, under the ceiling, or outdoors, on the branches of trees and bushes. The easiest way to string the figures without crushing them is to thread the needle with the thread through the middle of the body, that is, through the intersection of all the folds. You can alternate between cranes and natural flower buds, papier-mâché balls or other decorations.
Figures from wrapping paper will serve as an excellent decoration of the box with a gift. They look original and on the bookshelf, acting as a kind of amulet. And for children with their own hands paperwork is a great way to develop fine motor skills of mobile fingers. In addition, a self-made toy is able to replace your child of the same type of toys and applications on the market.
In Japan, it is customary to exchange such figures, thus wishing each other health, happiness and longevity. Why don't we adopt this beautiful tradition! Perhaps it is thanks to her that the modern world can be made a little kinder!
In addition, you can try on your own example to check the veracity of belief. Make a thousand fragile figures of these proud and independent birds, and then make your most intimate desire. We are sure that it will definitely come true!
As you can see, making a crane out of paper is a snap. It will turn out a beautiful interior decoration or a gift to a loved one, an original toy for a child. If the paper bird is made from the younger generation, it’s not only the joy of creation, but also fine motor training. And if in your class you are supported by other family members or friends, then you are guaranteed a great time for learning the techniques of origami. Join the Japanese culture - and fulfill your desires!