Artistic skills at a basic level are embedded in virtually every person, and whether they will be developed depends on him. Simple elements can always be learned to draw independently, but you need to know how to do it properly. There is nothing difficult in drawing a butterfly, when the algorithm raises no questions. And which of the existing schemes to use is up to you.
How to draw a butterfly for children?
What does a painted butterfly consist of? From several ovals - bodies and wings, as well as antennae lines. Then patterns, shadows and highlights are superimposed on this basic form. But despite the fact that in words the outline looks very simple, for some reason, from the first attempt, it does not work for everyone. Perhaps there are some tricks?
It is recommended to begin in pencil technique so that there is an opportunity to correct potential flaws. To do this, a medium-soft pencil is selected - its lines will not be imprinted in the paper, and if desired, they will be able to be easily shaded. A butterfly is always created from the body: it will be a kind of axis along which in most cases it will be possible to make symmetrical parts, if the butterfly is located not sideways.
The most simple scheme, ideal for small children, does not require special detail. A horizontal line is drawn with a pencil on a piece of paper: it is an auxiliary axis, which is subsequently erased. On it, in the middle, there is an oval in such a way that this line is divided into 2 parts: the upper one is 2 times larger than the lower one. The lateral parts of the horizontal axis should be equal to that enclosed in an oval. Now, from the lower region of it, from the middle, the semicircles are drawn out slightly to the diagonal and are connected to the horizontal line. Their value is equal to the 3rd lower parts of the oval. The upper zones of the wings are drawn in the same way, but the semicircles are not drawn out, and along the length they slightly extend beyond the invisible upper edge of the oval.
In the next step, you need to shape the "body" of the butterfly: the existing oval is unevenly compressed from the sides: it shrinks most of all to the bottom. Then the antennae come out of the junction of the wings and body - looking upward with a curl-semicircle at the end. Their height is 1.5 lower parts of the oval. When the main sketch of the butterfly is ready, you can give it vitality by adding patterns on the wings and the relief on the body. To do this, the oval is drawn looking up arcs, which should not be too arching. Some deformed circles appear on the wings - because nature does not create perfect geometric shapes. Now it remains only to remove the auxiliary lines with an eraser and paint the resulting butterfly with colored pencils or crayons.
Learning to draw a butterfly in pencil: a master class for beginners
If you managed to cope with the previous task, you should try your luck in a more complex performance, also focused on beginners. The auxiliary line is again drawn, but now it is vertical. This will be the axis from which everything will start to be mirrored. A small oval is outlined in its middle, after which the same oval is drawn down from it, but 1.5 times longer and pointed at the end. At the top is drawn a small circle - the head of the future butterfly. So, from the 3 figures turned out her torso, which immediately can be given volume by transverse arcs: they are located only on the lower part.
The new auxiliary line will be horizontal, it is necessary to outline it crosswise to the middle oval, in its lower third. It is desirable to do not ideally flat axis, but with a slight bend, so that its ends smoothly go down. Each of its parts, right and left, is equal in length to the entire body of the butterfly. From the middle of the lower oval, a semicircle is drawn, closing on the transverse auxiliary line, not reaching 2-3 mm to its end. If you mentally draw this element, it will look like a drop: these are the lower regions of the wings.
In order for the upper zones to appear, rays equal to the length of the butterfly's torso are drawn up from the very edge of the horizontal line. Arcs should be connected with the middle oval, the ends should be sharp: they will soften later. At the same step should be a line-antennae, without curls. After that attention returns to the lower regions of the wings: the angle between the body and the horizontal axis is divided into 3 equal parts, the lower one is marked by a pencil beam emerging from the top. You should not make this diagonal fat: it is auxiliary and will be removed in the next step. An important caveat: the diagonal extends beyond the semicircle to the length of the middle oval belonging to the body.
Now, from the end of the diagonal to the semicircle of the wing, soft connecting lines are drawn: on the inner side they are wavy, on the outer side they are more even. At this point, it is recommended to erase the auxiliary diagonal and part of the half circle, and to draw the resulting contour of the lower wing area more clearly. At the upper parts, the sharp external corners should be rounded off, also removing the excess with an eraser. And in the next step, you can begin to paint the wings: in this matter it is better to rely on your imagination or continue to copy the patterns from the proposed scheme. If desired, the resulting butterfly make color.
If you can not draw a complex butterfly in full face, use special schemes that need to be mirrored. On them, half of the picture is ready, and your task is to repeat the other half symmetrically. After several trainings, the hand will get used to drawing these lines and circles, and the process will go much easier.