Eggplant - southern vegetables, which have the most unusual color of all familiar to us. You can make interesting and tasty dishes from them. Many are engaged in the cultivation of various vegetables in their backyards, and eggplants, which resemble the taste of mushrooms in their taste, will be a wonderful addition to the usual set of vegetables grown. Despite the fact that eggplants are quite fastidious, they can still be grown in open ground.
Features of growing eggplant in the open field
Eggplant - quite capricious vegetables for growing. They are moisture - and thermophilic. They do not like waterlogging and do not tolerate overheating. Eggplants do not tolerate drafts, rather demanding of lightand at the same time very attractive to the Colorado potato beetle. Therefore, before embarking on their cultivation in the ground, you should carefully prepare.
Eggplant is not required to stepchild and tie up. To keep them warm for the night, the bed with eggplants is better covered with foil. It is better to prepare for them a separate bed, previously fertilized.
How to protect the eggplant from pests?
To secure your eggplant crop, prepare the same insecticides for them as for potatoes. It will be enough to spray them with them. It will also be necessary to spray not only the plants themselves, but also the soil and the film itself from the inside. This will help protect the eggplant from the appearance of harmful insects and aphids. It will be enough once to rid the plants of pests. Such processing does not hurt the eggplants themselves.
How to grow eggplant seedlings for open ground?
Before planting eggplants, you need to grow ready-made seedlings. Therefore, eggplant seeds are best sown at the end of February. To do this, use pre-prepared soil, which can be bought at the store. Prepare cups from 12 to 14 cm and sow 2 seeds at a distance of 3 cm from each other. After the seeds germinate, it is better to leave the strongest sprout. Plant the seedlings in the ground when the first flowers appear. If you decide to buy ready-made seedlings, it should also have flower buds.
How to prepare beds for eggplants?
Cook the beds better in early June. Choose the place for eggplants warmest, where the sun is most often. It is advisable that tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants and physalis should not grow there. This will help the future harvest of eggplants to get all the necessary micronutrients. The soil must be fertile and sufficiently airtight. Try to make 2 beds at a distance of 1.2 m between them in rows located next door. For convenience, mark them with a cord in the center. After that, dig the ground 1 bayonet deep and 2 bayonet shovels wide. In the center at a distance of 60 cm make holes. They should fit the seedlings with the ground from the cup. Pour warm water into the hole and place the seedlings there. Cover with earth 2 cm deeper than it was in the cup.
How to fertilize the ground for planting eggplant?
Add 1 manure bucket to 1 meter bed. It will help provide eggplants with essential micronutrients. Put some ground on top. Then scatter a jar of ash and 0.5 liters of complex fertilizers all over the bed. All this mix and razravnyayte. Sprinkle dolomite flour over the rest of the soil and mix with the humus. After this, fill in the prepared soil and form a bed 7 cm high and 50 cm wide.
How to insulate the bed with eggplants?
Since eggplants are very thermophilic, they should be warmed immediately after planting in open ground. To do this, cover the beds with film. To strengthen the film, place steel arms with a height of 80 cm and a diameter of 5 mm. Strengthen the rail along the entire length of the bed, tying it to the harboring material. This will help fix the film at a certain height, airing the bed. When the weather is warm enough, the film can be lifted and not lowered, even at night.
How to care for eggplant during growing?
As soon as the eggplant seedlings are stronger and begin to grow, rouse it. To do this, take the land from the tracks. To prevent the soil from drying out, you can grind it with 7 cm of humus. Water 2 times a week with eggplant under the root with warm water. If the weather is hot, water more often. The soil should not dry out much. To combat insect pests, water the eggplant leaves as well, feeding the plants at the same time.
What fertilizers are needed for growing eggplants?
At the very beginning of growth, it is necessary to give the most nitrogen fertilizers. During fruiting and flowering, feed potash and phosphate fertilizers. It is nitrogen fertilizers that will help accelerate the growth of eggplant, and phosphate fertilizers can slow down and speed up the fruiting process. The most convenient will be complex fertilizers with trace elements and magnesium sulfate. Potassium fertilizers are better added as sulphate. Try to fertilize with mineral fertilizers once a week during watering. The usual amount of fertilizer for eggplant is 1 matchbox per bucket of water.
Eggplant Growing Tips
With a strong thickening, thin out the eggplants. Tear the eggplant leaves lower from the first trunk. You also need to tear off all the yellowed leaves. Remove growing inside shoots. During cold spells, reduce fertilizing and watering. Cover the eggplant bed completely in cold weather. When it becomes warm again, begin feeding and watering normally.
If you grow eggplants in central Russia, it is better to use hybrids and early varieties. In order for eggplants to grow, they need from 110 to 180 days. When selecting seeds, pay attention to their precocity, resistance to diseases and changes in growing conditions. Do not forget to warm the beds after planting eggplants in the ground. Observing the rules of care and fertilizer for eggplants, you get a great harvest that will delight you with delicious dishes. And how to cook delicious eggplants, read the article Delicious Eggplant Recipes.
Especially for womeninahomeoffice.com. ru- Yuliya