Gaillardia is a perennial plant, aster family. It got its name in honor of Gaillard de Bodarua, a French patron of arts, who lived in the 18th century. and provided tremendous assistance to botany development. The plant is a sprawling bush, which reaches a height of 45 - 70 cm. Gailardia flowers are extraordinarily beautiful and large (8 - 10 cm in diameter), they have deep, rich and bright colors.
Flower gaillardia: planting and care
Gaillardia is an unpretentious flower that can fit almost any cultivated soil. The plant does not tolerate the addition of manure, excess moisture and acidic soil. Gaillardia is quite drought resistant and can tolerate long periods of lack of moisture. This flower prefers the sun more than the shadow, so it is advisable not to plant it in a very shaded area.
Gaylardiya used for planting in mixed flower beds, flower beds, curbs, alpine slides, for group plantings, often against the background of shrubs, etc. The plant is excellently combined with usual camomiles, a nivyanik, an asparagus and other. Perennials. No less spectacular gaylardiya and in the design of containers, flowerpots. Her inflorescences are well cut, so you can make beautiful bouquets from flowers.
The plant multiplies in 2 ways: by dividing the bush or seeds. It is recommended to plant a bush in early spring or early autumn so that the gaillardia can successfully settle down before flowering begins.
Before planting, the soil is fertilized with humus, mineral fertilizers and wood ash. Be sure to pour the soil, but not too much. Gaillardia can grow in the 1st and the same place for 5 years, becoming more and more beautiful with age. Over time, it is necessary to put supports around the bush so that it does not fall apart and retains its shape.
As for the care, it is also simple. It is better to cut off faded flowers immediately. If you leave them until autumn, the seeds of them spill out and give new shoots. In the first year after flowering, you can cut off the entire bush to the root - this will prolong the life of the gaillardia. The plant does not need frequent and abundant watering. Water it only in the driest time, but even then it is enough to ensure a moderate flow of moisture. Haylamard snow under the snow, but it is better to insure it from freezing, warming with humus, old leaves or needles.
Top dressing of gaillardia is done 3 times: during the budding, flowering and one month before the onset of cold weather, when all the flowers that have faded off are cut off. Never fertilize the plant with manure, otherwise it will die.
Gaillardia begins to bloom from the end of June and does not lose its beauty until the frosts. On the 1st plant, flowers are not infrequently of different colors. The edges of the petals quite often differ in color from the main flower: at the ends they are usually lighter. When the flowering process takes place, on the top of the peduncle there is an edge and spiny seed-bead, which can be added to floral compositions and used as dried flowers.
Characteristics of growing seeds
The plant is often grown from seed. To do this, collect and dry the seed baskets well until the seeds are easy to pour out of them. Sowing is done in April in a cold greenhouse. Sowing in open ground is necessary so that there is enough distance between the seeds. Seeds are planted superficially, not covering the ground. Do it in early spring. It is important that they are sown in the soil to a depth of no more than 1 cm, otherwise, they may not ascend. Seedlings need to be watered regularly, but it should be remembered that gaillardia does not tolerate excess moisture.
After sowing the gaillardia seeds, seedlings will appear only after 12 - 16 days. When the seedlings form a pair of true leaves, they dive into pre-prepared boxes or in greenhouses. Planting of seedlings in open soil produced in late summer - early autumn. The interval between plantings should be at least 50 cm. Such plants will give color only after a year. To grow them in the 1st place can be no longer than 3-4 years in a row, otherwise they may just die.
Before you put gaylardiya in a permanent place, you need to add mineral fertilizers and a few glasses of wood ash to the prepared hole. Water well the ground. This is necessary for the better engraftment of the plant and its rapid growth. In contrast to the method of dividing the bush, such cultivation gaylardii allows you to get more healthy and strong seedlings. These plants will produce large flowers and succulent leaves.
Caution: diseases and pests!
With improper care, the plant affects diseases such as white rust, powdery mildew or gray mold. Most often the disease is prone to leaves. It is easy to get rid of illnesses - it is enough to treat the plant with potassium permanganate, a chemical solution, or simply to remove the affected leaves.
Of the pests can attack because the grinder, thrips, etc. Everything you need to deal with them can be purchased at any flower shop.
Gaillardia is a beautiful plant whose care does not require much trouble. Many gardeners like its large and sunny flowers. Florists also loved gailardia for the ability to use it in any form in the creation of original bouquets. Be sure that by growing this plant on your plot, you will be able to significantly revive its appearance.