The occurrence of dandruff in the dog causes panic among the owners and a lot of questions: what caused it and what to do with it? Dandruff is nothing but scales of the skin of the upper keratinized layer of the epidermis. Moreover, this phenomenon not only does not look aesthetically pleasing, but may also be an indication that any violations occurred in the animal's organism, often serious ones.
Dandruff in a dog: causes
Dying off of old skin cells and replacing them with new ones is quite normal. But it happens unnoticed, but if the scales of the dermis become a lot - this is a signal that there is a problem.
Dandruff in a dog may appear due to simple dry skin, for example: if during the heating season, the air in the room is very dry. It is very easy to fight this cause - the dog's coat should be brushed daily with a soft brush. This will stimulate the flow of blood and nutrients to the skin. Immediately prior to the procedure of combing, you can apply moisturizing agents to the pet's hair and dilute some special conditioner for dog hair in water, pour this mixture into a spray bottle, shake it well and spray the wool during the combing.
Here are the main causes of dandruff in dogs:
- The stress of the animal. In this case, the dandruff passes itself after the pet calms down.
- Shedding. It happens to many breeds of dogs. After the molt passes, the wool will look again, as before, even more beautiful!
- Improper or unbalanced diet, as well as food allergies. Often, the animal's body thus gives a reaction to chemicals and flavors, which include purchased food. In this case, the dog needs to be transferred from purchased feeds to homemade food, and also not to give water from the tap, it is better to pass it through a filter or boil it beforehand.
- Parasites. Dandruff in dogs can be a signal that an animal is attacked by hair mites, feeding on tissue fluid and lymph or other insects. In this case, the dog will often itch and itch.
- Hormonal disorders or other serious diseases (eczema, dermatitis, diabetes).
What to do and how to help your pet?
Since dandruff in an animal is often a symptom of another serious problem in the body, the cause of the pathology should first be identified and cured. That is why the first occurrence of dandruff, the dog should immediately lead to the vet. If the doctor reveals a serious illness in your pet, he will prescribe the necessary treatment. And if the cause of this problem is dry air, stress or lack of beneficial elements, the owner will only need to buy special shampoo or vitamins. In case of skin diseases, the animal will need to be bathed with special therapeutic shampoos for seborrhea: Nizoral, Seborin, Sebozol, etc. And after bathing, it is better not to dry the dog with a hairdryer.
How to get rid of dandruff at home?
If the situation with the causes of dandruff in adult dogs and its treatment is relatively clear, then what to do in case of dandruff in puppies? At first, it appears in the baby on the head, on the ears, withers and neck, in other places white scales will not be observed. Sometimes a puppy can itch, but not much and not often.
A few days later, the scales can be seen already in the back, and then in the lumbar region and croup. After 2 weeks, the animal's hair loses its luster and he begins to form balding. So what to do in this situation? First, you should make sure that the pet has no internal parasites. If you have carried out all the necessary manipulations against the formation of worms, then you should not consider them as the cause of dandruff. And if these procedures were not carried out, then the first thing to do is to help the animal get rid of worms.
You should also pay attention to the food of the animal - it may well be that it simply does not fit the food, which means that it should be replaced with hypoallergenic. Often skin problems in puppies are caused by beef or chicken based feed. Those dogs who have a tendency to allergies, experts recommend giving food on the basis of lamb or fish.
Dandruff flakes must be washed off the wool and skin. To do this, you can purchase a special shampoo "Doctor", then wet the pet's hair with warm water, apply shampoo on it, lather and rinse. Be sure to ensure that the tool does not fall into the eyes of the animal. Then shampoo should be re-applied to the coat, beat and leave for 7-10 minutes and rinse well. Now it remains only to wipe the pet with a towel and dry. If necessary, such manipulations should be repeated several times, everything will depend on the frequency of relapses. All indications and course of treatment can be read in detail in the shampoo instructions.
After the puppy dries out, in a few hours, not immediately after washing, it should be treated externally with the Stronghold preparation - it is also sold in vetapteks. If there is no such drug, then you can buy Frontline spray instead. Spray the problem areas, where there is the largest accumulation of scales, and rub the tool into the skin behind the ears of the baby. And a lot of splashing is prohibited, only a few shoots. Such manipulations, if necessary, should also be repeated in accordance with the instructions.
It would be good to add omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids to the pet's diet and increase its immunity with the help of Loseval. This remedy should be used to lubricate problem areas 2-3 times a day, until the pet fully recovers, also this remedy should be fed to the dog - the dosage can be read in the instructions.
But what to do in the case when a dandruff puppy began to appear balding? For a start, the dog should be washed with shampoo "Doctor", as it has already been described. After a few days, the bald area should be moistened with a cotton swab and remove skin residue. After that, apply the Doctor shampoo to the problem part, hold it for 10 minutes and wash it off several times with a cotton swab. Such processing is allowed when the animal is difficult to atone, and the bald patch is only one. There should be several procedures as soon as the skin begins to peel off. The affected area should be lubricated 1 time a day with "Loseval" and the body of the pet should be treated with "Stronghold". And against the itch it is good to use the Stop Itch Spray.
To dandruff the dog did not occur for every reason, we need prevention. To do this, first of all the animal must eat properly and balanced. All substances necessary for normal vital activity, especially vitamin A, should be included in the pet's diet; it is he who is responsible for the skin. You should also protect your pet from stress and regularly take him for checkups to the vet.