Narcissus is a very beautiful, delicate and fragrant spring flower, which belongs to the Amaryllis family. This plant is simply very popular among gardeners, because It attracts not only its unique beauty and flowering, but also ease of care.
Among the advantages of this plant can be attributed to the fact that it easily and quickly adapts to almost any conditions, but it grows best in sunny and well-lit areas. Due to the correct location of pots with daffodils or planting, not only the quality of the bulbs themselves is improved. Flowers of the plant will be brighter and larger.
How to grow daffodils at home?
Daffodils are among the garden flowers, but at the same time can grow well in indoor conditions. In this case, it is recommended to choose the largest and, necessarily, healthy bulbs.
The landing takes place around September. At the same time in a not very high pot fits from 2 to 4 bulbs. They can be planted tightly, but they should not touch. Regarding the land, in this case it is recommended to stop the choice on the garden. It can be mixed with a small amount of sawdust or plain sand. Without fail, a drainage layer is placed at the bottom, due to which moisture will not be retained. Then the bulbs are placed in a pot and about half filled with earth. For 12 weeks, containers should be in a fairly dark room in which the temperature does not exceed 10 degrees.
Daffodils need moderate watering. After the first sprouts begin to appear, all the pots are transferred to a lighter room, where the temperature is about 16 degrees. Now for watering the plant it is necessary to use separated water at room temperature, which is poured directly into the pan.
As soon as the flowering period, it is necessary to significantly reduce the intensity of watering. Over time, yellowing of the leaves begins. This suggests that now watering should stop completely.
Daffodils in a pot: features care for flowers
- Caring for daffodils is very easy and simple, because This plant is among the shade-tolerant. At the same time, in the sun, the buds will always bloom much better and faster.
- Before starting the cultivation of this flower, it is worth considering the fact that he does not like in rooms with dry air. That is why the pot of daffodils should be placed as far as possible from the battery. At the same time there should be a vessel filled with water. Due to this simple effect, the air will be moistened.
- Narcissus fertilizer should be carried out directly during the beginning of the formation of buds. However, after the buds bloom, you need to move the pots with plants to a cooler room (the balcony is ideal). This will help extend the flowering time. If the daffodils will be in such a cool room, there is a chance that flowering will occur for 2-3 weeks.
What to do with the drawings after flowering?
As soon as daffodils bloom, they need to be continued. Watering is carried out not very often, you can feed with special mineral liquid fertilizers, which are intended for indoor plants.
After all the leaves of the plant have completely dried, it is necessary to remove the bulbs from the pot and, if desired, transplant them into the open ground in the fall. It is worth considering the fact that they are no longer suitable for re-growing at home. But at the same time, daffodils can still bloom on the street. Reproduction occurs with the help of babies and also seeds, which can be purchased at any flower shop (seeding is carried out in the fall).
Quite often, flowers can suffer from a variety of fungi, as well as viral diseases. In the event that substandard planting materials are used for planting, there is a risk of infecting the plant with fusarium, gray mold. That is why, during the purchase of bulbs, it is necessary to carry out their examination with increased attention and select only healthy specimens. Otherwise, the plant will be very sick and will require more careful care and treatment.
It is also worth to prevent infection with fungi. For this purpose, immediately before the bulbs are stored, it is necessary to process the fungicides. And in order for the plant not to become infected with a variety of viral diseases, it is worthwhile to regularly conduct routine checkups. In this case, all diseased flowers must be completely destroyed.
How to put daffodils in the ground?
It is worth considering the fact that these plants should be planted much earlier than other bulbous plants. The ideal landing time is the end of August or the beginning of September. About a month before the planned planting of the bulbs, it is necessary to fully prepare the soil. If daffodils will be planted in open ground, then it must be dug up (depth of about 30-35 cm). Then compulsory fertilizer is carried out.
If the soil is very "heavy", then you need to add a small amount of simple river sand, and then it digs again (2-3 times). Next, a bed forms and a layer of earth is leveled with a rake. Then on top of the soil is covered with a simple plastic wrap.
Immediately before planting the bulbs, they are thoroughly examined.
Further processed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and placed at a depth of about 12 cm. It is worth remembering that it is with the size of the bulbs themselves that the depth of their planting will be determined. The larger, there deeper need to be placed in the ground. At the same time there should be a distance of about 10 cm between the bulbs themselves.
Immediately immediately after planting, the soil should be mulched using peat or humus (layer thickness of about 5 cm). As soon as the first frosts begin to appear, the bed with planted daffodils should be covered with a layer of straw. It will protect the bulbs from freezing.
As soon as a snow layer disappears in the spring, the protective layer must also be completely removed. At the same time, the mulch layer is left intact.
The most important role in the care of flowers is the correct watering. If the first sprouts had time to appear, and after that hot and dry weather was established, it is necessary to hold it daily. The ideal time for watering will be early morning, when it is not very hot. It is important to remember that it continues until all the leaves of the plant have completely faded. Thanks to this approach, there is an accumulation of valuable nutrients in the bulbs of daffodils, and it will be possible to grow the plant even one season.
Transplantation is carried out approximately 1 time in 3-5 years. Provided the cultivation of daffodils on the street, the reproduction of plants occurs with the help of children or bulbs. As soon as all the leaves turn yellow, it is necessary to dig them out. Otherwise, they may begin to root. We must immediately separate the whole earth. All remaining leaves and old roots are also removed.
Further for several days after the procedure of drying the bulbs is completed, it is important to conduct a thorough inspection. Then sort by size. At the same time, the separation from the uterine bulbs of children is also carried out. They can be planted as independent units. If, during the inspection, diseased or damaged bulbs are detected, they must be immediately destroyed. Then disinfection is carried out. In this case, you can use a solution of potassium permanganate or use a special drug "Hom". Further for 10 days it is necessary to again dry the bulbs. Then they are sent to storage until the next landing.
If you follow simple guidelines for the care of daffodils, then these plants can be grown in open ground or in pots on window sills or balconies. Flowers can grow on almost any soil. At the same time, experienced growers are advised to stop the selection on loamy soil. It has neutral acidity.