Many are familiar with this plant with velvety medium-sized leaves, against which bright flowers resemble small bells stand out beautifully. Care at home is simple for color. It is worth starting to beginner flower growers who love not too overall and capricious flowering houseplants.
Koleriya - beauty from Colombia
Coleria belongs to the family of the Hesnerian, herbaceous perennials. Her homeland - the hot tropics of South America. Many different types of varieties grow on the territory of Colombia and Mexico, because there the climate for flower culture is most favorable.
The plant is covered with small oval leaves with a light edge. Its flowers are always motley, have a color from light pink (almost white) to purple-brown.
Culture is very light-loving. When growing in indoor rooms in the winter she is sorely lacking in bright light, so her stems can stretch. And if at first a small bush has a compact appearance, then after winter it is drawn out and hangs down from the pot.
Experienced flower growers have learned to use this property of a range for their own benefit. Stretched plants can continue to grow just as ampelous. They look extraordinarily beautiful: velvety stems fall cascading down, and through the dark green foliage, here and there, bright inflorescences gathered in umbrellas or single buds appear.
If you do not like ampelous species, you can easily form a neat, upright bush. To do this, within the framework of care at home, the crown formation is carried out behind the colony, pinching its top or completely cutting off the old stem to the root.
The culture has a strong root system, and new shoots appear within a month. And the top that remains after plucking can be rooted in the sand, light substrate or water. You can pinch and trim the plants with buds. They will not fall off and remain on the stalk.
Types of Coleria (photo)
There are over 65 types of kolerii. Among them, the gray and kinemia of Linden are widely used in landscape design. Growing in a compact lush bush (no higher than 40 cm in height), the plants create a stunning contrast with creamy inflorescences against the background of thin bluish leaves.
For growing in room conditions, breeders developed unpretentious and attractive crops:
- kolery pleasant;
- Boghotskaya kolery;
- naverian flowers;
- fluffy flower
Care of the painting
Despite the fact that the plant does not require special growing conditions and is quite unpretentious, some nuances in the care still need to be observed, so that it pleases with abundant and long flowering and good growth.
Koleriya - light-loving culture. Best of all she feels on the eastern and western windows. But from direct sunlight on its leaves must be protected in any case, because the soft foliage is prone to burns. In winter, on a cloudy day, the flower requires additional lighting.
In spring and summer, water a lot of water, but do not allow the overmoistening of the soil. In the fall, the plant begins a period of rest, so watering is reduced. The soil is slightly moistened, preventing overdrying of the earthy coma. During watering, make sure that water does not fall on the leaves. Water directly under the root or put the mixture in the pan with water. Use only distilled water.
Coleria grows well in dry and humid air. Spray the plant can not. But, if the leaves began to dry out from excessively dry air (as happens in winter), put the green pet in a tray with wet sand or pebbles.
In April, kolery wakes up, and it begins a period of active growth. From this point on, feed it every week with universal mineral fertilizers for flowering crops. From the beginning of October, feeding is stopped.
Transplanted colony only when it becomes cramped in the old pot. They are transplanted by transshipment of earthen coma, because its roots are very gentle and delicate, they are easy to damage and break. A new pot should be wider but shallow.
Koleriya well propagated by cuttings. Shoots root in the wet sand. Do not allow excess moisture in the soil, otherwise the cuttings rot. For their rooting takes 1-2 weeks.
You can propagate the plant and rhizome division. It is cut with a sharp knife into pieces and planted in a new pot, sprinkled with earth on top.
Transplantation and reproduction are best begun in the spring, when a full-fledged plant quickly adapts to changes and grows well.
As you can see, the care for home-grown colors is very simple. The most important thing is to provide her with plenty of light and abundant watering. With proper care, a compact flower with fluffy leaves and bright colors will look great in a homely setting, bringing bright, cheerful accents to the surrounding interior.