Clematis have long been well accustomed to the suburban areas. It seems that they were always grown. Almost every gardener grows at least 1 variety of this beautiful plant. In order to grow clematis in your garden without any problems, you should familiarize yourself with the varieties recommended for the middle band.
Common Clematis Varieties
List all existing clematis varieties of clematis is not possible. Therefore, the best way is to study their generally accepted classification. According to her, all available species can be divided into 2 groups according to the type of flower and the required growing conditions.
The first includes 2 varieties of clematis - large-flowered and small-flowered.
- Large-flowered species have taken root in the middle lane. Among the groups that are often found in the dacha plots are Jacqueman, Vititella, Lanuginoza, Florida and Patents. The overall diameter of the flowers ranges from 10 to 20 cm, the hue depends on the particular variety. Their frost resistance is not the highest, which requires both hiding plants for the winter, and trimming its shoots immediately after frost.
- Small-flowered clematis is characterized by different flowering periods. This factor should be considered when drawing up a plan for planting a plot. For the most part, all varieties of the small-flowered group belong to herbaceous plants, and therefore become an excellent “carpet” for any zones that need a dense shelter with decorative functions. Among them should be highlighted Comtes de Boucho and Rouge Cardinal. They are most often chosen by gardeners and marked by many international certificates.
If we divide the existing varieties of clematis according to the requirements that they impose on caring for themselves, then 2 groups deserve attention:
- Winter-hardy clematis in the garden, probably the most frequent guests. They do not care for frosts. This means that next year the plants will be pleased with the increased volume of the bush and new flowers. The following varieties should be particularly noted in this group: Ville de Lyon, Cecil, Carmensite, Serenade of Crimea, Metamorphosis, Elegy and Yutta.
- The unpretentious Paten can be called pleasing with large flowers, as well as such Rekta Manchurik, Forest Opera, and the already mentioned Elegy and Serenade of Crimea.
Large varieties for the garden
The 5 groups mentioned earlier that fall into the category of large-flowered clematis have many interesting varieties. They are suitable for suburban areas in the middle lane. It is worth focusing on 3 of them to help beginner growers with a choice.
The varieties of the Jacquman species are distinguished by flowering, not afraid of even trimming. As a result, lush, beautiful bushes delight the eye until the cold. The height of the vine is capable of reaching 4 m., And the flowers do not exceed 16 cm in diameter. Their color is within the bluish-purple hues. Flowering begins this year in the period from July to the beginning of October. In the middle lane, the varieties Jacquani, Gypsy Queen, Rouge Cardinal, Biryuzinka, Luther Burbank are well tolerated.
Clematis of the Lanuginoza group, which bloom in early summer, can boast white and blue shades. Here distinguish the varieties Anna Herman, Rassvet, Ballerina and Madame le Cult. Expect flowering should be on the shoots of last year.
The purple Clematis is named Vititsella, pleasing with its flowers the whole summer period and part of the autumn, until the frost hits. Winter hardiness of the plant is excellent, shades range from red-purple to purple. Among the varieties of clematis for the middle band are recommended Hulden, Alexandrite and Wil de Lyon.
Clematis Hybrid: Photos and Features
This type of garden is especially common. Since it belongs to the category of perennial plants and is able to stay in one place for a long period, without requiring constant transplants. Stems in height can reach 3 m., And the minimum value is 1.5 m. For support, which in most cases is necessary, shoots cling to leaf petioles.
Hybrid clematis can be either a half-shrub or a herbaceous plant. The latter is less popular because it always requires support. Otherwise, the plant will begin to creep along the ground, covering it with a floral carpet. Therefore, the use of this clematis in the garden is most often suitable for the design of slides and terraces.
Flowers in hybrid clematis are large, can be collected in inflorescences or grow singly. Color in one color. In most cases, white, a little less - with a bias in blue or lilac. Formative pruning is necessary for plants to prevent subsequent growth and for subsequent good flowering.
Hybrid clematis has excellent frost resistance. Covering it most often for the winter is not necessary. Of the special requirements, it is possible to distinguish only constant watering, the presence of drainage to prevent water stagnation in the soil. Also, you can not plant these varieties in the valley.
What is Manchurian clematis good for?
One of the most suitable for growing in the middle lane of clematis varieties, which makes him a favorite of many gardeners. This species has a particularly high tolerance of frost. Therefore, Manchurian clematis in the garden is a frequent visitor. Nevertheless, like many other representatives of this family, he has a love for the sun, although the penumbra also does not hurt him to grow and please the eye.
Another valuable nuance that makes life easier for all lovers of these flowers is to work with shoots that can be up to 1.5 m long. frost. Moreover, pruning is carried out not to a specific length, but completely.
Flowering in this species occurs only on the shoots of this year. The peak is at the end of the first summer month. On the bush formed lush white hat from a variety of small flowers in white. Their fragrance is quite pronounced, extends far.
Clematis Manchurian care is easier than for many other varieties. In particular, precisely because of the previously mentioned frost resistance. The soil he requires, like the rest of the family, slightly alkaline, watering thorough, but rare. A time of 7 days is enough. In especially hot weather, the schedule changes to watering in a day. The main thing - do not give the flowers to get water. Flows all under the root. The only thing that will have to pay attention - the fight against numerous pests that adore the plant.
Meet Clematis Tangut
Another fairly simple clematis variety in the issue of care is the Tangut. It falls into the category of wild flowers and vines and looks amazing on the dacha. Especially since the moment of flowering will not be expected for long. Sowing is carried out in early May, after which the seedlings need about 3 weeks to sprout and strengthen. Then disembarking is performed, and it is necessary to choose a non-solar day for this.
If there are buildings on the site that need to be decorated in some way (columns, walls and partitions, windows, etc.), then one of the best options would be to plant the Tangut clematis next to them. It beautifully braids all these zones in 2 months, as it grows rather quickly and grows very strongly. Toward the end of August we should expect flowering. The small yellow lanterns hanging down will unfold, showing four heart-shaped petals.
Pruning is done in early autumn, although in the case of the Tangut clematis it is not a mandatory procedure. Removed shoots to the ground. Only hemp remains. Most gardeners eliminate only in the spring, removing a pair of active buds from the bottom. If pruning is ignored, next year the flowers will appear only at the very top of the bush. The main part will remain just rich foliage and will continue to grow in breadth.
In the autumn, green panicles appear on the plant, distinguished by their fluffiness. They contain seeds of clematis, which are suitable for further sowing. For decorative purposes, these "umbrellas" are used in a variety of bouquets. They also often appear and foliage of the plant, characterized by a reddish tinge.
This variety of clematis in the garden is able to grow almost without much care. Pests do not favor it, frost resistance at the level of the Manchurian species, the requirements for soil and irrigation are similar. This gives rise to a high demand for Tangut clematis in the middle lane.
Choosing the right kind of climate is not an easy task. There are many factors to consider: from growing requirements to flowering time. But, using the information above, you will definitely be able to make the right decision and enjoy the beautiful flower carpet in your garden next summer.