Health is a non-permanent category. The body usually signals malfunctions, but not everyone can decipher such signs. For example: the heaviness and pain in the right side of the rim had to be felt by many. To determine its source, you must at least know what is located under the ribs. Take a trip around the body?
Why should I do anatomy if I'm not a doctor?
The question is quite natural. As they say, everyone should go about their business. But at the slightest discomfort you will not run to do computed tomography. However, immediately grabbing for pain pills - a blunder. That is why it is not bad at least approximately to imagine what it is inside that is capable of "naughty."
The area under the ribs is occupied by the digestive organs. They perform very important work, violations in their activities are extremely dangerous. This is not the case when you need to "suffer a little."
What can hurt on the right?
If you don’t have time to look through anatomy manuals to find out what is in the person to the right under the ribs, then just note that the following organs are located in this area:
- right diaphragm section;
- intestine (somewhat lower);
- right kidney (from the back);
- adrenal glands.
Any of the listed organs is able to fail. And one of the signs of the violation will be pain - acute, dull, constant or associated with eating, stabbing or shingles. But in any case, sooner or later it will make you think about what is under the ribs to the right.
First suspect: liver
The liver is one of the most important organs in the human body. The sheer number of functions performed makes it vulnerable. Therefore, it is "attacked" by dangerous ailments: hepatitis, fatty degeneration, cirrhosis, and tumors.
If the liver "dispersed", then dull (aching) pain occurs. There are specific signs of damage to this organ: the yellowness of the sclera and skin, brown spots, spider veins. If there is at least one of these symptoms, you should immediately see a doctor.
There are no nerve endings in this organ - even a sick liver may not be disturbed. Therefore, it is necessary to examine it with a preventive purpose. Diagnostics will include such activities:
- laboratory tests - liver bilirubin samples, enzymes, hepatitis virus markers, immunological testing, molecular diagnostics;
- analysis of feces and urine;
- X-ray, MRI, CT;
- laparoscopy (used under strict indications for suspected cancer, jaundice, ascites, fibrosis, tuberculous peritonitis).
Treatments start with a diet. Then plant (Karsil, Legalon, Silymarin, Artichoke, Liv-52) preparations, medicines of animal origin (Essentiale, H forte), amino acids (Oritin, Heptral), preparations containing ursodexoxycholic acid (Urosan, Urosufalk) will be used. More serious medications are prescribed by the doctor individually.
Accused Number Two: Gall
Today, many have to look for the answer to the question of which body is under the ribs right, because they are worried about the feeling of heaviness in the hypochondrium, monotonous or acute pain, nausea, problems with the stool, bloating, heartburn. The cause may be hidden in gallbladder diseases. Cholecystitis, stones, stagnation of bile, torsion of the bile ducts - all these illnesses will manifest themselves as pain syndrome. And if an attack of gallstone disease begins, the pain will become unbearable, vomiting, tension and bloating will appear, the patient's condition will rapidly worsen. We'll have to urgently call on the help of surgeons.
To detect pathology of the gallbladder, you can use the following procedures:
- ultrasound diagnostics;
- urine and blood tests;
- family history study;
- feces analysis (fractions of undigested food are noticeable in it);
- esophagogastroduodenoscopy (fiber-optic probe with a mini-camera at the end);
- cholangiopancreatography (a manipulation in which the bile ducts are studied from the inside with a duodenfibroscope);
- CT scan, MRI.
If an attack has begun, the patient must be hospitalized without fail. Conservative treatment can be used (anesthetics - Atropine, No-spa, Papaverin, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agents), or an operation will be performed. Antibiotic therapy (Ampicillin), antispasmodics (Eufillin, Papaverine, Atropine), choleretic (Cyclovalon), and vitamins are used to treat chronic cholecystitis. Recovery is impossible without the strictest diet.
The third potential culprit for pain: the pancreas
The pancreas is what else is on the right under the ribs in front. Its role is difficult to overestimate: it produces up to 30 enzymes and hormones (insulin). Having a very small size, the body produces daily up to 1.5 liters of pancreatic juice. He suffers from alcohol, malnutrition, overuse of drugs, gallstones, infections, injuries, parasites, poor heredity.
A common disease that affects the pancreas is pancreatitis. Diagnosis of this severe pathology includes a biochemical and clinical blood analysis, urinalysis, ultrasound, radiography, CT, laparoscopy, endoscopy. The treatment is complicated. It is carried out in the hospital: put droppers, use antihomotoxicological drugs, enzymes. Mandatory diet. The prognosis is not always positive, so treatment should begin as soon as possible.
Fourth Pain Provocateur: Right Kidney
If the liver and pancreas are all right, but the pain in this area is disturbing, then information about what is behind the right under the ribs will be useful. There is a kidney. If stones “wound up” in it, inflammation began, or a tumor appeared, the pain can be felt all over the right side of the body. Sometimes the temperature rises, the total amount of urine decreases, edemas are formed.
To confirm the suspicion of kidney disease, it is necessary to undergo an ultrasound scan, donate blood and urinalysis (including daily), in some cases, urography is used.
Treatment depends on the diagnosis. Renal colic discharge requires urgent placement of the patient in the hospital. Pyelonephritis and glomerulonephritis cannot be cured without antibiotics and symptomatic agents. It is clear that the patient will be put on a diet. Herbal medicine is widely used. In case of renal failure, rehabilitation measures are carried out, in particularly difficult cases, organ transplantation is used.
The secret pain agent: what other organ could be to blame?
The right dome of the diaphragm is adjacent to the ribs. By itself, it does not hurt, but the pathological processes in the adjacent organs force them to increase in size and put pressure on the diaphragm. A neoplasm may also appear on it.
Anatomy seems boring only to absolutely healthy people. But it causes an increased interest in those who are concerned about the pain. It is useful for each person to mentally look inside and understand what is to the right under the ribs on the side, in front, behind, so as not to be captured by ignorance, and to respond promptly to the signals of illness from the internal organs.