What is - ultrasound of the heart

Ultrasound examination of the heart is carried out in order to establish the state of the internal organ, abnormalities and defects. Repeated pain in the left hypochondrium focuses on a thorough examination by specialists, contacting a cardiology clinic for an ultrasound scan and decoding it. This procedure is completely reliable. So, ultrasound of the heart - what is it?

The process of conducting ultrasound

Heart ultrasound - what is it

To undergo such a diagnostic session, you must personally visit a specialized institution. To carry out an ultrasound prescription of the attending physician is not required. At the beginning of the procedure, the doctor will ask you to take off your clothes to your waist and lie down on your left side. The diagnostician will apply a small amount of conductive gel to your body, then with the help of special sensors, they will record indicators for their further decryption.

What can research show?

Today, ultrasound, by right, is determined by the most reliable and highly informative way of obtaining data on the most important organ in the human body. This process can reveal the following criteria for cardiac muscle:

  • heart dimensions;
  • the presence or absence of scarring;
  • in what condition are the valves;
  • thickness of the outer walls;
  • intensity of contractions;
  • the diameter of the aorta;
  • shock range of heart chambers;
  • the percentage of fractional release of blood.

What diseases can be detected through ultrasound?

What diseases can be detected through ultrasound

There are many diseases that can be detected in the early stages with the help of echocardiography.

  • ischemic heart disease;
  • preinfarction state, microinfarction;
  • high blood pressure;
  • heart disease (happens from birth or acquired);
  • paralexia of rhythm;
  • rheumatism and others

In addition, an ultrasound scan may show other deviations from the norm concerning the heart muscle. In the act of results, carried out the diagnosis, the doctor performs a conclusion that displays all the information received from the study. The attending cardiologist parses the results and, if there are any problems or deviations from the norm, prescribes an appropriate treatment.

Decoding: what is the norm?

Decoding the results of ultrasound of the heart in a child or an adult can be done independently. However, without knowledge of cardiology, you can only understand the general essence of the ultrasound of the heart. Normal research indicators are expressed in the following criteria:

  • the percentage of fractional release of blood ranges from 55% to 60%;
  • shock range varies from 60 - 100 ml;
  • aortic parameters in the range of 2.1 - 4.1 cm;
  • of course, the diastolic size is from 4.6 to 5.7 cm;
  • the thickness of the diastole is from 0.75 to 1.1 cm;
  • the boundaries of the final systolic parameter from 3.1 to 4.3 cm;
  • aortic valve 1.5-2.6 cm;
  • left atrium up to 4 cm;
  • right atrium - up to 4.5 cm;
  • pulmonary artery, the rate of norm - 0.75.

Interpretation of ultrasound results of the heart

What does a heart ultrasound show? After studying all the parameters of the study of the heart, it is impossible to fully obtain information on the state of the cardiovascular system, if there is no specialized education. It is an experienced doctor who will be able to decrypt the data and provide answers to important patient questions.

Some indicators have the property of retirement from the norm or may be filled in in the study protocol under different designations. All this occurs in the conditioning of the qualitative characteristics of the ultrasound machine. When using the latest 3d, 4d equipment, you can get the most refined results, according to which the diagnosis will be made and the necessary treatment will be prescribed.

It is worth noting that the ultrasound indicators in children of different sex and age groups are different, but in a child of 15 years old, the indicators are already like an adult.

Ultrasound examination of the heart is an important procedure that is required once a year. Or more often, in the event of primary pain from the cardiovascular system. It is the results of such a check that allow detecting various diseases and abnormalities at the earliest stages, which will allow timely treatment and give the patient a full life!

Add a comment