Weakness in the legs is nothing more than muscular weakness, that is, a decrease in the strength of one or more muscles. It should be noted that this is not a separate disease, but only a symptom of any pathology.
Why does weakness in arms and legs appear?
Often, almost every person does not attach much importance to such weakness - after all, it passes as unexpectedly as it appears. Many blamed everything on stress, lack of sleep, nervous tension, but in vain! Often this condition is a sign of a serious illness requiring immediate and serious treatment.
Weakness in the hands may occur due to the following diseases:
- Osteochondrosis in the cervical region;
- Spondylosis of the neck;
- Stretching or inflammation of the shoulder;
- Damage to the wrist, shoulder, shoulder blade area.
This is not a complete list of ailments that can provoke muscle weakness in the hands. Often this condition is accompanied by pain and even short numbness. Also, muscle weakness in the hands is a kind of indicator that a violation of the work of the internal organs takes place in the human body. But only a specialist can make a diagnosis.
But what does weakness in the legs indicate? Many people are familiar with this symptom and it can be caused by the following ailments:
- Nervous stress, fatigue, overstrain;
- Diabetes mellitus of various forms;
- The presence of hernias in the lumbar spine, often - intervertebral;
- Osteochondrosis in the lumbar region;
- Hormonal failure or impairment.
It also happens that in the human body several diseases can be observed at once, the totality of which causes this condition. But in any case, if weakness appears, even occasionally, and after it increases and the seizures recur, the patient should not avoid visiting the hospital, because you need to remember that any disease can turn into a chronic form.
In order to establish the exact cause of muscle weakness in the arms and legs, the doctor will first conduct a survey and examination of the patient. After that, he can prescribe certain studies, which are often: a blood test for the level of sugar in the body, a neuralgic test, X-ray diagnostics, a blood test for hormones. This list of tests is basic, but often experts prescribe and additional research that the patient needs. The last stage is the appointment of proper treatment by the doctor.
But what if the attack happened, for example - in the evening? First of all, you should immediately go to bed in order for the body to feel a state of rest. If you can not lie down, then you need to try to relax, then the weakness will pass in 10-15 minutes. It is also recommended to take a sedative - valerian or a stronger remedy. It is also worth quitting smoking, alcohol, strong coffee and tea. Instead, it will be good to drink herbal tea or broth. Excellent help chamomile, linden, lemon balm, thyme, mint. But it must be remembered that it will only help to calm the symptom for a while, but not cure the disease and it is better for the patient not to postpone the visit to the hospital.
Weakness in the body: what are the reasons?
Muscle weakness can occur due to a variety of endocrine, metabolic, infectious and neurological diseases. And with the appearance of this condition, it is better not to spend time going to the hospital. In particular, emergency doctor care is necessary if muscle weakness does not go away within 1-2 days or if the patient cannot lift limbs. The sudden formation of muscle weakness is in itself dangerous, which is why the doctor, after examining the patient and collecting the tests, will prescribe proper treatment for him.
With a strong load on the muscles in the muscle fibers, the protein content decreases, because in a healthy organism, it is proteins that are responsible for their flexibility: a person can properly perform all physical activities. Due to the lack of protein, the muscles can not work normally, and the person does not have enough strength to perform basic actions. It all depends on the degree of damage to the muscle tissue, because sometimes it can take as long as 5 days to restore the protein balance in the body! After this period, the muscles will return to normal and will function.
To achieve muscle exhaustion, it is not necessary to move gravity, because this condition can be caused by the flu, familiar to almost everyone. Surely many people felt very weak during this illness. This happens due to the fact that the virus contributes to the inflammation of muscle tissue and deprives it of the ability to contract normally. And the longer a person does not get up, the stronger the condition of his muscles deteriorates. After all, in them the protein is formed in the process of movements, if the patient stays with the flu for a whole week, then after recovery, he will feel weak.-
Loss of fluid due to diarrhea, vomiting, sweating can also affect muscle weakness, because the human body along with the liquid loses salt and minerals: magnesium, potassium, calcium. And in the body there is a balance of these elements, called electrolytes. It is also responsible for the transmission of electrolytic signals through the muscles and nerves. Such signals give the muscles to bend commands. And if this balance is disturbed, errors in signal transmission are formed, and muscle contraction may not occur.
But muscular work depends not only on the body fluid. If the body lacks the necessary substances for their work (carbohydrates and proteins), then they simply begin to shrink. Proteins that enter the body from food, in the muscles turn into proteins. And carbohydrates are found in muscles in the form of glycogen, but in addition, they are contained in the blood - it is glucose, that is, blood sugar. These substances are the fuel for the muscles and thus ensure their normal functioning.
Muscles that weaken over time without any particular reason can be an indicator of the presence of any disease in the body. Among them, anemia can be distinguished (it deprives the muscles of oxygen), diabetes mellitus (when it breaks down the absorption of sugar by the body), thyroid diseases with impaired protein metabolism, neurological diseases (in this case, the transmission from the brain to the muscles of signals is disturbed).
Muscle weakness, which develops slowly and is accompanied by pain, may indicate lupus - severe immune disease or rheumatic polymyalgia - it is often sick elderly patients and middle-aged people. Sudden muscle weakness may occur due to food poisoning or in case of overdose with pharmacological drugs - urgent medical intervention will be needed here.
Muscle weakness: treatment and prevention
Eliminate the source of physical exertion. It is necessary to give your muscles a rest, but at the same time some activity should be observed while the recovery process is going on. You can do simple chores around the house, so the muscles can recover without serious consequences. Also, the patient should refrain from lifting for several days. Start gradually returning to physical exertion. Due to illness or inaction, a person will need more time in order to return the proper condition to the muscles. For example: if a patient has lain for 3 days due to illness, then he is recommended approximately 6 days in order to regain his former muscle tone.
Replenish fluid loss with special drinks for athletes. Those products that contain electrolytes and carbohydrates, perfectly restore muscle strength after exhaustion due to vomiting, diarrhea or active sweating. Such products are especially good in that they contain glucose, and it, in turn, is a muscular fuel and helps the fluid to pass from the stomach into the blood.
Follow the diet. If it includes scanty food, then the body will feel tired. Daily food must contain proteins (they are found in red meat, cheese, milk, eggs, fish, chickens, soybeans, lentils) and carbohydrates (they often prevail in side dishes, especially pasta, as well as bread, vegetables and fruits) . They are broken down in the body to glucose, and then it provides the muscles. Also, do not forget about minerals and vitamins - they are also involved in the chemical processes occurring in the muscles.
Muscle weakness is an unpleasant condition, but one should not forget that this is only a symptom. You should not engage in self-treatment and postpone a long trip to the doctor. Any disease can turn into a chronic form, therefore, when this condition is formed, it is better to get expert advice in a timely manner.