Violation of blood circulation in the lower extremities can lead to deformation of the skin and adjacent connective tissues. In medical practice, such a phenomenon as a trophic ulcer on the leg is not uncommon. The treatment of this disease is inextricably linked with the cause of the deformation of the skin.
The etiology of trophic ulcers
As practice shows, trophic ulcers formed on the lower extremities can be attributed to a number of complicated consequences against the background of past vascular diseases. Mostly affected skin in the region of the leg, toes and feet. Treatment specialists tell that trophic type ulcers are formed when blood circulation or lymph flow is disturbed. This is considered the root cause of the development of the disease.
In addition, there are a number of factors contributing to the occurrence of such a devastating disease, in particular:
- venous insufficiency, developing on the background of a pronounced chronic thrombophlebitis of the chronic type;
- chronic lymphostasis;
- damage to the integrity of the connective tissues of the limbs, which led to a violation of tissue innervation;
- dermatological diseases of a chronic, sluggish form;
- violation of blood circulation due to blockage of the lumen of blood vessels;
- burns of a thermal or chemical nature.
As already mentioned, the formation of trophic type ulcers is a consequence of the development of a vascular disease. Often, ordinary abrasions can be a prerequisite for ulcers on the legs. Most often this occurs in violation of metabolic processes and pathological weakening of the immune defense. Treatment specialists pay attention to the fact that wearing close and uncomfortable shoes or constant pressure on the feet, toes and the lower leg region can be a trigger for the appearance of such ailment.
Trophic ulcer is characterized by specific symptoms. So, at the initial stage of this pathology the following signs are characteristic:
- the presence of a wound on the skin that does not heal within 5-6 weeks;
- formed wounds begin to rapidly grow on the surface of the leg, moving to the inner part of it.
The above symptoms relate to the visual and primary signs of the manifestation of the disease. As a rule, trophic ulcers on the lower limbs are groundless and suddenly not formed. Forerunners of leg ulcers are the following symptoms:
- convulsive manifestations during the night;
- pain in the lower limbs;
- burning of the skin of the feet;
- dilation of venous vessels;
- feeling of heaviness in the calf muscle tissue.
Trophic ulcers will begin to appear along with convulsive states. At the same time, a person can observe excessive sweating of the foot. Before the formation of ulcers, the skin changes its color and becomes bluish. At first, the ulcers resemble a simple wound, and then they begin to bleed, and eventually a purulent discharge appears.
As medical practice shows, ulcers formed in the area of the gastrocnemius muscles indicate the development of venous insufficiency. In arterial pathologies, ulcers are localized mainly on the feet. In people with diabetes, initially asymptomatic ulcers may appear, which eventually begin to hurt due to the involvement of nerve endings.
Drug treatment of trophic leg ulcers should be carried out under the strict supervision of a physician. Today, it is considered that the specificity of the treatment course depends on the reasons for the development of ulcerative processes. Trophic ulcers are considered intractable pathology, which is why it is so important to follow all the doctor's instructions and perform the necessary procedures.
Treatment with drugs includes the following aspects:
- Systematic treatment of the affected areas of the skin with antiseptic pharmacological agents, for example, Furacilin, Chlorhexidine, etc.
- Oral administration of antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs, whose action is aimed at eliminating the root causes and preventing the further development of inflammatory processes.
- Regular use of pharmacological agents to prevent the formation of blood clots.
- Treatment of the affected skin with pharmaceuticals that accelerate the process of healing and tissue regeneration.
- Reception of the vitaminized complex pharmacological preparations.
- Taking medicines that strengthen the immune system.
Treatment the doctor develops individually based on the clinical picture of the development of ulcerative processes. In some cases, along with the above medications, the patient may need drugs that normalize the sugar level, as well as antihistamines, in order to get rid of the resulting edema. Even the patient may be asked to undergo a course of physiotherapy.
Today, laser and ultraviolet radiation is considered the most effective. In the course of such manipulation, the surface layer of the affected skin is cauterized, resulting in a scar. After completing the course of treatment, the patient must wear compression underwear during the rehabilitation period.
Choose a universal ointment for the treatment of trophic leg ulcers is almost impossible, because the doctor determines which drug will be effective depending on the stage of development of ulcers. So, at the initial stage, you may need an ointment, which has a cleansing and antiseptic effect. Such pharmaceutical agents include the following ointments:
Levomekol or Levocin may be prescribed to accelerate healing and skin regeneration. With the development of trophic ulcers in the second stage, drugs will be needed that will eliminate fungal and viral microorganisms. These include:
In the last stage, it is recommended to use pharmaceuticals that have a healing and regenerating effect. Most often, treating specialists prescribe the following ointments:
On the treatment of trophic ulcers on the foot, you can read a lot of reviews. Do not forget that in each case the profile specialist will develop the treatment system individually. Optional pharmacological tool that helped one person, will certainly suit you. Remember that the success of treatment depends largely on the elimination of the cause of the disease.
Will herbal medicine help?
Reviews of people suffering from this disease, talk about the treatment of trophic leg ulcers folk remedies. So, many of them share their success in the treatment of ulcerative processes. Do not forget that traditional medicine will be effective only in combination with pharmacological preparations.
Many patients with trophic ulcers talk about the effectiveness of herbal decoctions and infusions. In the treatment they use a variety of herbal medicines and products, in particular:
- chicken eggs;
- unrefined vegetable oil;
- freshly squeezed juices of medicinal plants, etc.
Doctors call to treat untested funds with extreme caution. In the treatment of venous ulcers do not need to conduct experimental studies.
According to reviews from many patients, an egg-honey compress is considered to be very effective:
- Before applying it, the affected areas of the skin are carefully treated with chamomile broth or pharmacy hydrogen peroxide.
- Then in a separate bowl mixes 1 tbsp. l honey and protein of one chicken egg.
- After mixing, this compress is applied to the ulcer and wrapped with plastic wrap.
- Such a compress need to withstand 8 hours, and then change.
If you believe the reviews, the healing process begins after 6-8 procedures.
Trophic ulcers that form on the legs may cause not only pain and discomfort, but also a number of complicated consequences. No need to self-cure disease. Remember that the key to successful treatment lies in making the correct diagnosis and determining the cause of the disease. Be healthy!