There are diseases that include coughing and vomiting. This happens with some types of bronchitis and whooping cough. But there may be a reverse process, when the cough is caused by the gag reflex, which is what happens with gastric reflux. Depending on the pathology and symptoms, vomiting can be considered as a serious factor. What if a child has a cough before vomiting?
Cough with vomiting in a child: find out the reasons
In infants, vomiting can be just as impressive as frequent. It occurs for many reasons, for example:
- due to indigestion;
- with an ear infection;
- during teething.
These factors are usually accompanied by vomiting without coughing. And this allows you to immediately eliminate the cause of cough, if it appears. Nevertheless, there are cases of simultaneous occurrence of coughing and vomiting, as a rule, during a cold:
- The mucus in the baby’s throat can cause a coughing reaction when coughing. It lies in the fact that through nerve impulses a command is given that causes contraction of the muscles of the digestive tract, and this leads to the appearance of a gag reflex.
- Coughing can cause vomiting mechanically. With a strong cough, there is a sharp contraction of the muscles of the abdominal belt, which compress the stomach and push its contents.
In such cases, there is no need to worry. However, it is important to respond quickly if vomiting is caused by a fall or is associated with fever, abdominal cramps or a headache.
The main signs of flu-like infections are dry cough and vomiting. As a rule, they are accompanied by pain in the body, fatigue and fever. Whooping cough - a respiratory bacterial infection. And although the symptoms vary depending on the characteristics of the patient, this disease causes a number of very specific reactions, including:
- fever and cough;
- vomiting and cough together cause significant fatigue;
- night cough.
Gastric reflux is also a cause of coughing and vomiting. It occurs due to heartburn when ingested digestive acid into the esophagus, which causes coughing with irritation. When this drops of acid can be found in the throat and mouth. This type of clinical picture is common in young children.
It is important in this case to distinguish regurgitation and vomiting:
- vomiting occurs after a strong contraction of the muscles of the abdominal belt;
- spitting occurs without effort.
What to do first?
Let's think logically: if a child has a strong cough before vomiting, then we must first eliminate the cause of the gag reflex, that is, the attack of the cough itself. Then you need to facilitate the process of expectoration by softening sputum. And for this it is not necessary to resort to drugs. You need to start with preventive measures:
- It is necessary to water the child more, because when vomiting it loses a lot of fluid. It is important to avoid dehydration. You need to drink in small sips rehydration solutions several times an hour with milk or water. Do not give fruit juices or soft drinks.
- No need to give your child medication against vomiting, especially without a doctor's prescription.
- If your child attends kindergarten or nursery, it is necessary to leave him at home for at least 48 hours after his last vomiting.
- If the child does not vomit in the past 12 or 24 hours, he can resume his normal diet. But keep giving him drink as much as he wants. Start eating with easily digestible foods, such as cereals and yogurts.
- The child needs to sleep, and his body will cope with the rest. Often the stomach normalizes its work during sleep and eliminates the urge to vomit.
- It is necessary to air the room where the child is at least twice a day.
- Daily wet cleaning in the nursery - an unquestioning rule.
- If a child’s coughing occurs without fever and general weakness, often bring your child to fresh air for walks.
- Bathe your baby if he has no temperature.
If your child is tormented by a prolonged attack of dry cough, which is about to cause vomiting, do the following:
- In the bathroom, turn on the hot water tap, close the door and wait until steam has accumulated in the room.
- Then take your child there and have him steam for a few minutes.
How to treat a child coughing up vomiting? After you have aired and moistened the room, walked, bathed, you can use some medications:
- If coughing episodes were caused by allergies, give your child any antihistamine, such as Suprastin, to alleviate his condition. Allergy treatment is carried out by eliminating the allergen.
- To soften the sputum and facilitate its expectoration, make the child inhalation using regular mineral water or special solutions.
- When coughing and vomiting, you need to focus on eliminating the attack of the first. The following medications will help to cope with this:
- Mucolytics that contribute to the dilution of sputum. These could be Lasolvan, ACC Long, Bromhexine.
- Facilitating expectoration - Mukaltin, Pertussin, Licorice Root.
- There are also combination drugs that act as a diluent and expectorant, for example, Stoptussin.
Once again, I would like to draw your attention to the fact that in case of a strong cough that causes vomiting, there is no need to immediately resort to medicines. Let's just say: this is an extreme measure in case of unsuccessful implementation of preventive measures.