It is well known that an increase in body temperature worsens health. If the scale of the thermometer rises too high, patients are looking for ways to quickly remove the heat. In such a situation, it is imperative to know how to bring down the temperature of 39 ° C in an adult and what are the signs of a critical condition when emergency help from doctors is needed.
Many people are used to dealing with discomfort with pills. Antipyretics that are effective at high temperatures in adults can be purchased at any pharmacy without a prescription. So instead of the expected relief not to cause severe discomfort, you need to use medications in an acceptable dosage.
It is a drug with minimal side effects, which does not contain harmful additional components. The permissible single dose of paracetamol is 15 mg per kg of body weight. An adult can take 2-3 tablets during the day.
This drug contains paracetamol and ibuprofen. Due to the successful combination of safe substances, it perfectly lowers the temperature and relieves pain, is well tolerated by patients. Adults can use Ibuklin 1 tablet 3 times a day.
This is a complex of various substances released in capsules to achieve a lasting effect. Koldak is one of the best means of dealing with hyperthermia, but has a number of contraindications. These are age up to 12 years, endocrine diseases, impaired functioning of the kidneys and liver, angle-closure glaucoma, heart disease. This medicine is taken in 2 capsules per day.
Analgin is one of the most common and affordable antipyretic drugs. Adult patients are prescribed 0.25 or 0.5 g 2-3 times a day after meals, that is, 1-2 tablets, depending on the content of the active substance in a particular form of release. Frequent use of Analgin is fraught with oppression of blood formation. Also, when taking frequent allergic reactions.
Effective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent based on ibuprofen, which helps to reduce body temperature. In the absence of serious problems with blood formation, heart, organs of excretion and digestion, Nurofen can be taken 1 tablet 3-4 times a day.
How to do without "chemistry"?
If you can not go to the pharmacy or a person suffering from fever, is an opponent of the frequent use of synthetic drugs, you should familiarize yourself with the methods of traditional medicine. They also allow you to choose what to bring down the temperature of 39 ° C in an adult at home. Of course, simple methods will not be able to fully normalize the temperature, but the body will still be cooled by several degrees.
So, in order for the patient to feel relief, you need:
- remove warm clothes and with a fan or air conditioner ensure that the room temperature is 20 ° C;
- take a cool bath or shower;
- often drink warm (but not hot) liquid in the form of non-carbonated mineral water, compote from acidic fruits without added sugar, juice from berries, cranberry juice;
- wet cotton cloth in cold water with the addition of yarrow infusion and wrap the body;
- every 2-3 hours to wipe the abdomen, back, lower and upper extremities with a febrifuge solution (1 tablespoon L. 9% vinegar to 125 ml of water);
- dip the tissue napkins in a decoction of peppermint and put on the places where the large arteries are located: temples, sides of the neck, armpits, wrists, groin, inner surface of the elbows and knees. Compresses must be changed every 12 minutes;
- moisten a terry towel in a mint infusion, squeeze until it becomes slightly wet, and place on the forehead;
- make an enema with chamomile decoction (if there are diseases of the gastrointestinal tract).
When do you need urgent medical assistance?
If a person's body temperature has risen to 39 ° C, the answer to the question of what to do should not be limited to taking an anti-fever pill or using traditional remedies. Most likely, an infection has been introduced into the body, so it is impossible to postpone a visit to the doctor for a long time. Signs indicating the need for emergency intervention of doctors:
- blurred consciousness and drowsiness;
- neck curvature;
- Strong headache;
- sore throat (especially when swallowing) or in the chest;
- difficulty breathing;
- nausea and vomiting;
- stomach ache;
- the presence of blood in the stool;
- soreness when urine passes;
- swelling of the legs;
- redness, burning or swelling of the skin.
In people with cancer or HIV-infected patients, these symptoms are usually very weak, so for patients with hyperthermia, patients with such diagnoses should immediately see a doctor.
It is not difficult to make a decision on how to bring down the temperature of 39 ° C in an adult, since there are many therapeutic preparations and folk methods that relieve fever and discomfort caused by fever. After successfully reducing the body temperature using one of the methods, one should not forget to contact the clinic, and in case of a serious condition the patient will have to call an ambulance.