It is important to distinguish which type of cough you have, since the treatment for the dry is one, and for the wet it is different. This is important in order to make the right decision about choosing a medicine. A dry cough is the beginning of an infection or an allergy, asthma, or even a reaction to certain medications. A wet cough is almost always a sign of infection.
A wet cough, also called a productive one in a different way, is characterized by the presence of discharge, sputum. He is our ally in the fight against infection, because thanks to him from the throat, larynx and trachea or bronchi, as well as the lungs, the secretions formed during the illness are removed, along with live and dead microorganisms that caused the disease.
Cough wet deeper than dry, with characteristic gurgling sounds. In order to cure it, mucolytics will come to the rescue, or diluent-secretions and facilitating their removal.
When dry cough is characterized by a feeling of irritation in the trachea - as if someone in the throat tickles with a pen. It is tedious and not accompanied by expectorant secretions. Attacks of dry cough can interfere with a good night’s sleep. The cause of coughing may be outside the respiratory system. This symptom occurs in heart failure, and may also be a reaction to certain medications, such as drugs for hypertension. If a dry cough is a symptom of an infection, usually after 2-3 days, it spontaneously turns into a wet one. You can take dry cough syrup, accelerating the appearance of discharge and changes in its type.
Cough: main types and causes
Dry cough is tiring for both children and adults. To facilitate it there are many home remedies. For example, with the help of onion syrup, it helps to cope with burdensome attacks and an unpleasant feeling of irritation in the throat. However, the treatment of dry cough home remedies can only be used for some time. With a sufficiently long dry cough, you should definitely consult with your doctor, because it can be caused by heart disease, even cancer. However, a dry cough most often speaks of the onset of a cold or flu.
Dry cough - home therapy
- Humidify indoor air. This can be done if you hang wet towels on the radiator.
- Moisten the mucous membrane, often using water or water with honey. Drinks should be at room temperature or slightly heated. Moisturizing the mucous membrane of the throat contributes to drinking infusion of flaxseed.
- Suck protivokashlevye candy.
- Propolis tablets, which act as antiviral and antibacterial, also help. They prevent the spread of infection.
- Attacks of dry cough weaken drugs with codeine and dextromethorphan. Codeine is part of the pine syrup. It is also worth taking such drugs in the evening to ease the cough at night.
- Tedious dry cough inhibit first-generation antihistamines, such as Butamirate.
Note: Codeine can not be taken for a long time, as it becomes addictive!
How to treat a cough?
As already known, cough is not a disease - it is rather a symptom of various infections and diseases caused by inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchi. It can be caused by bronchial asthma, as well as cystic fibrosis. Dry cough with dyspnea, especially arising in the course of the disease, is one of the main symptoms of cardiovascular diseases.
The most commonly used antitussive drugs that suppress the cough center, which is located in the central nervous system.
The effect of such drugs begins after 20-45 minutes after taking the drug and may be accompanied by possible side effects (drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and at higher doses, problems with shortness of breath). This group includes preparations in the form of syrups, containing codeine (Thiocodin syrup) or dihydrocodeine (Paracodin syrup).
Codeine is a natural component of opium, while in high doses (more than 100 mg) it has not only an antitussive, but also anesthetic, narcotic. Therefore, when buying such highly effective antitussive syrups as Thiocodin, Ascodan, Pavacol, Rubelix, you should carefully read the abstract. Codeine phosphate is present in small quantities in syrups made from certain herbs, including Herba Pini syrup.
Codeine and dextromethorphan increase the effects of sedatives and hypnotics. Motorists should keep this in mind.
Cough tablets are inexpensive but effective - thermopsis suppresses cough of various origins in adults and children. They have an excellent expectorant effect. Excellent effectiveness, provides minimal side effects, regardless of the duration of the reception (of course, if you strictly adhere to the doctor's prescription).-
Mukaltin - dry cough tablets are inexpensive, but effective, made on the basis of herbs. They have an expectorant effect. The application is prescribed individually by the doctor. The duration of treatment depends on the severity of the disease.
Mukosolvan - works with impaired mucus secretion and when it is difficult to withdraw.
Ambrobene - a drug with mucolytic and expectorant effects, causes an increased production of mucus and clears the airways, increases the body's resistance to infections. Used for chronic inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. It can be taken both adults and children. 5 ml contains 15 mg of Ambroxoli hydrochloridum.
Bonhipret - famous cough tablets that contain thyme, herb and primrose roots. These pills are well tolerated by future mothers and fetus. The medicine can treat a cough of a different origin, if the doctor deems it appropriate.
Ambroxol. Use the tool must be very carefully and fully comply with the recommendations of the attending physician. The drug contains hydrochloride, the active substance Ambroxol (a derivative of bromhexine). It belongs to the group of drugs that stimulate the secretion of bronchial mucus and reduce its viscosity.
Bromhexine condenses and dissolves sputum from the bronchi and facilitates its expectoration. Any essential oils clearly support the actions of Bromhexine. Bromhexine, especially with long-term use, can cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, rash and itching, low blood pressure. When using the drug, be careful because of the possibility of pain, dizziness or drowsiness. The drug is not recommended
apply to children up to 3 years, during pregnancy and in the presence of peptic ulcer.
Bioprix is an antibiotic; it may be prescribed by a doctor to treat a patient with bronchitis. Bioprix is practically not absorbed into the blood.
Libexin - has a strong antitussive and antispasmodic effect, acts as an anti-inflammatory and expectorant, without inhibiting respiration, reducing the activity of the cough center. It primarily has a peripheral antitussive effect and inhibition of the peripheral sensitivity of the nerve fibers of the respiratory tract, reducing the sensitivity and irritation of cough receptors caused by inflammation, swelling of the mucous membrane in acute and chronic inflammatory diseases. In addition, this drug moderately reduces the activity of the respiratory center, does not interfere with breathing, and contributes to the effective secretion of sputum. Libexin does not directly affect the central nervous system, and is not addictive.
Stoptussin - Moist cough tablets are inexpensive but effective, based on butamirata citrate and guinefenezin. They reduce the viscosity of mucus, increase expectoration, have a local anesthetic and mild bronchodilator effect.
Sinekod - has anti-inflammatory, expectorant effect. Designed to treat dry cough.
Despite the availability of drugs in the pharmacy, their dosage and duration of administration is determined by the doctor to avoid complications and deterioration of the patient's health. Do not forget about it!