Everyone knows the expression - skin like a baby. Indeed, the skin of a newborn baby is very delicate, even, smooth, milky color. Parents simply can not get enough of, looking at your baby. Unfortunately, it is often the case that a mother begins to notice how the skin of the baby acquires a bluish, strange tint, especially at times when the baby is crying or nervous. Of course, this causes feelings for all parents. Today we will tell you what a marble skin is in a baby, how to treat such a symptom and why it appears.
Marble skin in a child - the norm or pathology?
Marble skin is a bluish-reddish pattern on the body of a baby. Typically, such a capillary mesh appears on the legs and arms, and in some cases - throughout the body. Most often, this phenomenon is caused by an incompletely formed vascular system. It is important to understand in what cases the appearance of marble skin is considered the norm, and when it speaks of the need for additional examination and treatment.
So, there is no cause for concern if the skin of a baby changes its color periodically under the influence of external factors, for example, during moments of changing clothes when the child is cold or, on the contrary, hot. And if, moreover, the capillary reticulum is not too pronounced, then the appearance of marble skin is physiological in nature and, as a rule, it passes on its own when the crumbs take half a year to complete.
But if the capillary pattern is clear, bright and distributed throughout the body of the baby, then this may indicate the presence of pathology. You need to watch the baby and pay attention to whether there are symptoms such as:
- excessive sweating;
- excitability or lethargy;
- The blue area around the nose and lips.
Such signs indicate the development of a serious disease that only a doctor can diagnose.
Capillary mesh in a newborn: causes
Experts disagree on the reasons for the appearance of marble skin in newborn babies. So, the famous television pediatrician Komarovsky EO considers that the marble skin has a purely physiological nature and does not require treatment. However, many doctors are prone to the fact that the formation of a capillary network can be a symptom of serious diseases. What opinion to trust, it's up to you.
Since there is nothing more important than the health of our children, we will consider the possible causes of the formation of marble skin in infants:
- premature birth: many premature babies have dysfunction of a vegetative nature;
- prolonged feeding leads to congestion of small blood vessels of the baby with blood, as a result of which marble skin is formed;
- prolonged delivery process: if the head and the cervical vertebrae of the crumbs were subjected to a heavy load during labor, this can cause vegetative dysfunction;
- circulatory disorders during fetal development due to anemia or fetal hypoxia;
- cardiovascular diseases of the child, having a congenital character;
- heredity: when mom or dad develops vascular dystonia, it can lead to the appearance of marble skin in the baby.
In any case, the baby needs to be shown to a pediatrician who will conduct a full-scale examination and make an accurate diagnosis.
How to treat marble skin in crumbs?
When the appearance of a marble skin in a baby is due to one of the above pathologies, this is considered to be just an accompanying symptom. As soon as the underlying disease is cured, the capillary mesh will pass.
If the marble skin is physiological in nature and is caused by the underdevelopment of the baby’s vascular system, then parents need to structure the child’s regime in such a way as to create favorable conditions for regulating and maintaining vascular tone. The complex of therapeutic measures includes:
- frequent and long walks on the street;
- rational diet and day;
- hardening of the child's body: wiping, air baths, douche.
Very effective methods are considered therapeutic gymnastics and massage. Their basics are easy to learn, you can ask the help of the attending pediatrician. Swimming maintains vessels in a tone and strengthens them. Of course, the baby can not be recorded in the pool, but light exercises in the bathroom are simply indispensable for the health of the baby. If necessary, the doctor may prescribe the use of fortifying drugs and vitamins of group B.
We have discussed with you what a marble skin is in infants, the reasons for its appearance and therapeutic methods of treatment. It remains only to add that the health of our children largely depends on us. Be attentive to your baby, surround him with care and love, because he is so helpless and helpless. Health to you and your kids!