Chlorhexidine is a drug from the group of antiseptics. It effectively fights bacteria, neutralizes the simplest. After treatment with chlorhexidine, the drug remains on the skin for a long time and continues to protect against harmful microorganisms. Chlorhexidine is produced in the form of a solution for external use, vaginal suppositories with different dosages and gel. The scope of use of antiseptic is wide enough.
Chlorhexidinabigluconate: instructions for use
The active ingredient of the disinfectant is chlorhexidine digluconate. Its concentration in the solution is 20%, the excipient is purified water.
The solution is odorless and colorless. used for external use only. Pharmacological action is based on the oxidizing and chlorinating effects on the cells of microorganisms. The drug is highly effective against pathogens of sexually transmitted diseases.
Chlorhexidine does not lose its activity in pus and blood. But through the skin, which has no damage and wounds, does not penetrate. The drug can neutralize bacteria only on the surface of the skin.
The tool is widely used to disinfect surgical instruments and medical staff’s hands, they also wash wounds and the bladder, and carry out emergency prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. The indications for use are microtrauma of the skin, wounds, abrasions, burns, purulent-septic processes in the tissues. Chlorhexidine in solution is used in the form of irrigations and rinses, in some cases, make applications on the affected places. It is safe to use on the skin and mucous membranes, but in some cases can cause allergic reactions.
Chlorhexidine has proven itself as a means for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. In the case of unprotected sexual intercourse, the drug destroys the causative agents of sexually transmitted diseases. Attention! It is very important to use the solution within 2 h after intercourse - otherwise, the drug will be powerless!
Men are recommended to enter it into the urethra, women - into the vagina, and process their external genitalia. Chlorhexidine is included in the complex therapy of prostatitis, cystitis and urethritis, as well as some gynecological diseases.
When using chlorhexidine, care must be taken. If an antiseptic gets into your eyes, you should immediately wash them with plenty of clean water and consult a doctor. In the event that a person accidentally swallows a certain amount of funds, it is necessary to urgently flush the stomach and also consult a doctor. May require symptomatic treatment.
Chlorhexidine: contraindications and side effects
The use of chlorhexidine in such situations is not recommended:
- Hypersensitivity to the active substance
- Age 12 years
- Propensity to allergic reactions
- Viral skin lesions
- With large and deep wounds
- To process the ear canal
It is undesirable to use chlorhexidine during pregnancy and breastfeeding. It is strictly impossible to use the drug for treating the breast, shortly before applying the baby to the breast!
When used topically, an overdose of the remedy is not possible. But taking a large amount of the drug inside, can lead to irreversible irregularities in the liver and kidneys, and, as a consequence, the death of a person.
In general, the drug has no side effects. But people who are prone to allergies and skin rashes may experience itchy and dry skin, increased skin sensitivity to sunlight and dermatitis. If you have these symptoms, stop using the antiseptic and consult a doctor.
The interaction of the drug with other drugs
- The antiseptic makes microorganisms more sensitive to the antibiotic levomycetin, neomycin, kanamycin sulfate, cephalosporins.
- Iodine and chlorhexidine should not be used at the same time: they are incompatible.
- Before using a disinfectant, do not treat the skin with soap - this can lead to dermatitis and irritation.
- Ethyl alcohol, in contrast, enhances the antimicrobial action of chlorhexidine.
Can I rinse your mouth with chlorhexidine?
Antiseptic is widely used for rinsing the mouth and treating mucous membranes. It effectively relieves pain in the mouth caused by various diseases. Experts say that rinsing the mouth with chlorhexidine accelerates the healing process for sore throats, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, gum inflammation, stomatitis.
Rules for using chlorhexidine for rinsing:
- To prepare the rinse, dilute 1 tbsp. l 0.2-0.5% solution of chlorhexidine in 1 tbsp. boiled water at room temperature. Brush your teeth thoroughly and rinse your mouth with clean water. Then take a solution in your mouth, rinse for 30 seconds and spit it out. After the procedure, it is not recommended to eat and drink for 2 hours. Otherwise, the effect will be weak. The optimal number of rinses - 2 times a day. It is better to do this in the morning and evening, after cleaning the teeth. If you have a sore throat, you can do the procedure throughout the day.
- Swallow the solution is not recommended! If it turns out that you swallowed chlorhexidine, flush the stomach, and then drink a few tablets of activated carbon (at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight). With the same purpose, you can drink a solution of burnt magnesia (2 tablespoons per 200 ml of water).
During pregnancy and lactation, mouth rinsing with chlorhexidine is prohibited! It is better to use alternative solutions for rinsing.
If you have a hypersensitivity to the drug, it is better not to use or alternate with other solutions. Replace chlorhexidine can such rinses: Miramistin, manganese solution, baking soda, furatsilina solution, hydrogen peroxide, sunflower oil.
Chlorhexidine is an effective disinfectant that destroys most known microorganisms. Most often used for the treatment and disinfection of skin surfaces and mucous membranes. With colds and sore throats, he remarkably relieves inflammation and pain. Therefore, this drug should be in the first-aid kit for each person.