In order to properly prepare the plants, the first thing you need to find is time. Because the rush and dismissive attitude in such a case are unacceptable. If you already decided to become a sorcerer for your health, do not be lazy.
Plants need to be harvested only in dry weather, during the day, when they dry out from dew or rain. So, for the drug collection, your schedule should be adjusted.
Preparation for harvesting plants
- The first thing you need to take care of is the room. It should be dry, dim and well ventilated.
- When harvesting, you should focus on dates from the plant calendar and vegetation phase (sprouting). It is recommended to collect only those parts of plants in which a large amount of useful substances accumulate during this period.
- Properly collected plants need carefully sort, remove random blades of grass and impurities. Roots and stems that are already dead or rotten, clean or recycle. Do not forget to dry before drying. wash the plants.
- The next stage - get clean and dry packaging, without smell. And do not collect different types of plants in one container.
It is better to walk in the forest "in the bud" in early spring, when they begin to swell, but not to bloom. These buds have the greatest amount of nutrients. They mature quickly - only a few days, so it is logical to finish the collection before the top of the kidney turns green.
It is best to harvest in the middle of spring, approximately from mid-April and home. The bark during this period is well separated. It is better to collect the bark without the dead part.
It is recommended to collect at the beginning of flowering of any plant, take only the developed leaves.
Grass is better to collect at the beginning of its flowering. If desired, you can use the braid, and then from the "sheaf" to choose the right one.
Flowers and inflorescences
This medicinal species is collected at the very beginning of flowering, tearing them off with their hands, rather than cutting them off. Harvest better flowers that do not fade.
Fruits and seeds
They are richest in biological substances, so they are collected only after they are fully mature. Mature fruits are laid in wooden boxes, shifting each layer with grass or dry paper. These are conditions for the fruits not to stick together with each other.
Rhizomes and roots
They can be collected in the fall and spring. After digging, the roots are cleaned from the above-ground part, then washed and dried.
Storage and drying
Two of these important stages of harvesting plants depend on the type of raw materials and substances that it contains. Raw material that contains essential oils, - this is thyme, oregano, thyme - it is necessary to dry slowly, at a temperature not higher than 35 degrees, at high temperatures, the males evaporate. But blanks containing glucosides, - Lily of the valley, for example, is advised to dry quickly at a maximum temperature of 50 - 60 degrees.
More plants need to be dried strictly in the shade., since the sun kills their natural color and the substances that contain it. For example, thin litsya dried to the end, until the stalks become brittle. Then they are not removed, but they are allowed to lie down for a few days to moisten a little, such leaves break less. Large leaves are laid out separately and turned over to the other side during drying. This foliage needs twice as much care.
If your passion is dried fruit, then first clean them of impurities, sort out. They need a little podvodyat, and after that send in the oven, the temperature regime - 70 - 90 degrees. Do not forget to open the cabinet door.
Remember! Only with proper harvesting of plants you can get from them the maximum amount of useful substances that you will need during treatment. So do not rely on "maybe", neither on luck, nor on the neighbor. Take the basket and go!