Little black pills are known to us since childhood. Activated carbon more than once became a real helper for poisoning, indigestion and other problems of the gastrointestinal tract. However, not everyone knows how to take activated carbon, so that it brings the maximum benefit.
How to take activated carbon?
In the minds of many people, coal has been and remains a means of alleviating the state of poisoning. However, the range of prescriptions for this medicine is much wider:
- increased acidity;
- gastrointestinal infectious diseases;
- alkaloid poisoning (only 1 g of coal is needed to bring 700 g of morphine or 600 g of sleeping pills);
- chemical poisoning;
- after radiotherapy and chemotherapy;
- metabolic disorders.
The drug is considered completely harmless to the body. But in order for it to bring exclusively benefit, you need to correctly calculate the dose. If this substance is ingested excessively, negative effects are possible:
- lower blood pressure;
- lack of calcium in the body;
Do not drink coal to the following categories of persons:
- with individual intolerance to the drug;
- with gastric ulcer, with ulcerative colitis;
- with bleeding in the digestive tract;
- if at this moment the ingestion of another type of antidote occurs.
You should take activated carbon before or after meals, taking into account the rules of dosing:
- in the first 12 hours after poisoning - 30 g of coal one-time;
- for elimination of consequences after washing - 1 tablet (0.25 g) per 10 kg of patient's weight 3-4 times a day;
- with flatulence, diarrhea, colitis, heartburn - 1-2 tablets one-time 3-4 times a day every 2 hours;
- in chronic alcoholism - 30 g 3-4 times a day after a couple of hours after meals;
- with hangover syndrome - 1 tablet per 20 kg of body weight one-time.
The faster you use the medicine, the more effective its action will be. In this case, the drug is not absorbed by the body, but is completely excreted in the feces, painting it in a specific black color. You need to drink coal with clean drinking water.
Especially careful to be with the question of how often to take activated charcoal. Per day is recommended no more than 4 receptions taking into account the dosage. The whole course of treatment should be no more than 2-3 weeks, if we are talking about a chronic disease, after which you need to take a break for a couple of months. In case of acute manifestation of the disease it is not recommended to drink the drug for more than 5 days with an interval of 2 weeks.
How to give the drug to children?
Although activated carbon is not capable of causing significant harm to the body, it is better to consult a pediatrician regarding the dosage for the child. Traditionally, medication is prescribed:
- up to a year - 1-2 tablets per day;
- from year to 2 years - 4 tablets per day;
- after 2 years - 4-6 tablets per day.
Individually, the dose is calculated based on the weight of the baby. If you are not sure how much activated carbon children should take, take 0.05 g of substance per kg of child weight. The maximum dosage per 1 kg of weight is 0.2 g (incomplete tablet). The frequency and duration of the course are the same as for adults.
But if adults without difficulty drink the drug in the form of tablets, then with the kids have to go to the tricks. To form the drug was acceptable for small children, tablets must be dissolved in ½ tbsp. water. Do not be afraid that activated carbon will lose its properties: the degree of impact will remain the same and even improve.
Can pregnant women take activated carbon?
Activated charcoal has an extremely beneficial effect on the body of a pregnant woman. In connection with the production of the hormone progesterone, the muscle tone of not only the uterus but also the intestines is weakened, which leads to diarrhea, bloating, indigestion, and toxicosis. Activated carbon for the prevention of such conditions is indispensable. It is not absorbed into the blood and does not enter the placenta. Therefore, the expectant mother can be calm for the health of the baby.
The regimen of the drug is the same as for other patients. However, if a woman takes vitamin complexes, the temporary difference between taking vitamins and coal should be at least 3 hours.
When consuming activated carbon during pregnancy, you need to be especially careful not to cause an overdose. States such as hypovitaminosis, constipation, hypocalcemia, are especially dangerous when carrying a child, so you should not get carried away with the drug.
Do black pills help you lose weight?
In modern dietetics, activated carbon is often promoted as a means to combat obesity. But it would be better to call it a remedy for cleansing. Do not rely on the effectiveness of the drug when getting rid of extra pounds. This is just one way to normalize a very polluted organism.
There are 2 methods of weight loss with activated carbon:
- 1 tablet per 10 kg of weight before meals (course duration - no more than 5 days);
- 3 tablets 3 times a day.
Do not get involved in the drug for a long time, as this leads to beriberi and impaired absorption of nutrients in the intestine.
What could you not know about activated carbon?
About the wonderful properties of this substance was known in antiquity. In ancient Egypt, it was used to treat wounds and gangrene. In Rome and India, water was purified using coal. From the 18-19 century, thanks to the development of Russian scientists began to take it inside as a medicine.
Today, the drug is actively used in medicine for patients of any age. Each bona fide mistress considers it his duty to have him in the home first-aid kit as an ambulance for poisoning or intoxication.
In the production of activated carbon coke is actively involved, which can be of 3 types:
It is subjected to thermal and chemical treatment, with the result that the substance becomes porous and acquires the ability to absorb other substances, mainly toxic and gaseous compounds.
In pharmacology, activated carbon is produced in 3 types:
The substance may be part of other drugs, increasing their effect. For example, the domestic drug Probifor includes probiotics and coal, which together are able to neutralize a large number of toxins and enhance the reproduction of beneficial microflora.
Knowing how to take activated carbon, you can help yourself and loved ones in a critical situation. However, it is not necessary to perceive it as the only medicine for poisoning or intoxication. In severe conditions, you need the help of a doctor.