A blood test is the initial method for diagnosing any disease. This laboratory test is prescribed to determine the presence of inflammatory processes, as well as infections in the body. Should I start to panic if ESR (soy) is increased in the blood, and what does it mean?
Standard ESR Ratio
Standards for the correlation of erythrocyte sedimentation rate in the blood are established depending on the age, gender and individual characteristics of a person. In women, from 3 to 20 mm / h is considered the norm, in men - in the range from 2 to 12 mm / h, in the elderly, from 40 to 50 mm / h.
For newborns, the limit is set from 0 to 2 mm / h, for children aged 2 to 12 months - 2-10 mm / h, from 1 to 5 years - 5-11 mm / h, for children from 5 years - 4 -12 mm / h.
For the accuracy of laboratory tests, a blood test is taken in the morning on an empty stomach. At the same time, one should not eat too much in the evening or starve, since these factors also affect the ESR level indicators.
Causes of abnormalities in a big way
As is known, the level of ESR in the blood is a very subjective parameter. His deviation from the standard indicators up or down can also be in a completely healthy person. Consider the main root causes of increased ESR in humans.
Spontaneous causes of increased ESR:
- personal feature of the body;
- pregnancy - while the level of leukocytes in the blood increases (leukocytes and
- increased ESR in women returns to normal);
- lack of iron in the body or poor absorption of it;
- taking pharmaceuticals.
- respiratory tract infections (ARD, ARVI, influenza, pneumonia and others);
- urinary tract infection;
- viral hepatitis;
- fungal infections.
- oncological diseases of the hematological system (plasmacytoma, lymphoma, myeloid disease, leukemia);
- malignant tumors of the kidneys, bronchi, breast, lungs and other organs.
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- diseases of the musculoskeletal system - rheumatism;
- lupus erythematosus;
- temporal arteritis.
Also, increased soy in the blood can be due to various kidney diseases, anemia, dental granulomas, sarcoidosis, and inflammatory infections of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate increases with age-related changes. In addition, in women during the menstrual cycle, you can also notice slight variations in this indicator.
Why does ESR in the blood of a child increase?
Increased soy in the blood of a child is most often caused by causes of an inflammatory nature. You can also highlight the following factors leading to an increase in erythrocyte sedimentation rate in children:
- metabolic disease;
- the presence of worms or sluggish infectious diseases;
- stressful condition;
- allergic reactions;
- acute poisoning;
- autoimmune diseases.
And what does the increased ESR in the blood mean, if as a result of a comprehensive examination of the child no diseases were identified? In this case, this indicator is explained by the characteristics of the organism.
When the baby looks healthy, sleeps well, eats, leads an active lifestyle, the presence of rapid erythrocyte sedimentation can be caused by external factors:
- the presence of spicy and fatty foods in the diet;
- insufficient amount of vitamins and microelements;
- taking medications.
If the ESR in the body of the child is increased without deviating from the norm of the other indicators, then you should not worry.
What to do?
Treatment for elevated ESR is prescribed only after a comprehensive examination and diagnosis. It corresponds to the nature of the disease. During the treatment period, the ESR analysis is performed several times to track the dynamics of the disease. With a correctly chosen method, the indicators gradually decrease and return to normal.
But it should be noted that you should not expect instant results. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate returns to normal within 4-6 weeks.
It is not necessary to use any means to lower the erythrocyte sedimentation rate in the blood for no apparent reason, since the increase in the indicator itself is not a disease. It is also worth noting that if an increase in ESR in the body is accompanied by any other symptoms, then a comprehensive examination should be carried out and all the tests should be repeated.
To protect themselves from possible diseases, doctors recommend taking a blood test every six months. An ESR study is mandatory and effective in all cases: whether it is a diagnosis or just preventive measures.