About 30% of the population of our planet constantly encounter tinnitus. This condition is dangerous because it is not only unpleasant, but also causes headaches, insomnia and even depression. Unfortunately, the cause of recurring tinnitus is almost impossible to find on your own. The fact is that pathology arises due to many factors.
How is pulsating tinnitus explained?
Such a disease as noise in the ear is considered to be not just a pathology, but also a rather serious symptom. It can signal various disturbances in the functioning of the systems of the human body. To begin with, doctors distinguish 2 types of this unpleasant pathology. The first is called objective. This noise happens different types - pulsing, in the form of a ring and hissing. It is noteworthy that not only the patient hears it, but also the doctor himself during the examination. The causes of this disease can be several - from injuries and abnormalities in the structure of the skull, contraction of some muscles and changes in pressure.
Sometimes the causes of noise in the ear can be very serious. Often they signal a disease. These include:
- Problems with the spine and vessels
- Pathology of the nervous system
There are also other diseases that lead to noise in the ear.
- Labyrinthitis - occurs with inflammation of the middle ear. Noise appears due to disruption of the analyzers. Often the disease is accompanied by dizziness, dizziness, gait disturbances, which becomes a bit "twitch." Also, the patient has a twitching of the eyeballs.
- Vestibular syndrome - a whole complex of disorders leads to it. Occurs with somatic, neuralgic and autonomic disorders. It manifests itself by noise in the ears, gait disturbance, convulsive movements of the eyeballs.
- Hearing loss - tinnitus in her arises due to the disruption of the auditory nerve. Dr. symptom - decreased hearing acuity. Hearing loss is also accompanied by vomiting and nausea.
- Meniere's disease - it occurs when a violation of the inner ear and the formation in its cavity a large amount of fluid. It is also manifested by noise in one ear, hearing loss, dizziness, problems with coordination and gait.
There is also a so-called causeless noise in the ear. As the name implies, the symptom is classified in this way when the doctor after diagnosis does not find the visible causes of the disease. Interestingly, earlier this symptom was associated with mental disorder. For example, the famous painter Van Gogh cut off his ear just because of unreasonable noise. Symptom can also manifest unpleasant pulsating sounds.
There are several theories of the occurrence of similar tinnitus. According to the first, it occurs due to the death of the cells of the inner ear. It is believed that in the process they begin to work quite differently and in a different way transform sounds into nervous impulses. As a result, the sound is distorted and noise occurs. By the way, to the death of cells lead loud repetitive sounds around. Most often we hear them in everyday life, but do not pay attention.
Another theory of causeless pulsating tinnitus is also associated with cell death. It is considered that extraneous unpleasant sounds are peculiar "phantom pains". The cells die off, but the body is used to transforming sounds into nerve impulses. As a result, the brain tries, as it were, to “replace” and independently synthesize sound. This task is shifted to the nervous system, which uses other channels to generate nerve impulses. Most often, the so-called emotional center is involved. This explains the fact that with tinnitus, our mood deteriorates.
It is worth noting that tinnitus can also occur in perfectly healthy people. Often, it manifests itself by ringing at moments of high blood pressure. To make sure that it is the cause, it is enough to take the necessary measurements during the occurrence of noise. There are also even more trivial causes of discomfort. For example, the noise in the ear occurs due to water entering it or as a result of a sulfuric plug. Those who are under stress are not immune from it.
What to do if it makes noise in your ears?
Often, even occasional tinnitus requires a visit to the doctor. The situation can be especially serious with the following symptoms:
- Headaches and Migraines
- Depressed states
- Redness of the skin around the ear or inside it
- Auricle Discharges
- Deterioration, fever and fever
- Feeling of pressure and dizziness
With these associated symptoms, it is worth referring to Laura. Usually, the causes are diagnosed by means of an examination, an MRI, and so on. So, with the help of audiometry determine the severity of hearing. For this, a working ear is covered with cotton wool. Then the doctor moves away a certain distance and begins to pronounce the words. Sometimes for diagnostics use tuning forks.
Some patients are also recommended to visit a psychotherapist. The reason is simple - treatment can not immediately help get rid of the noise. Therefore, people are taught to live with unpleasant feelings. It is believed that this skill helps to cope with possible depression.
Competent treatment is the key to success
Only a specialist can select the correct treatment of noise in the ear. Basically, all types of medical care for the disease can be divided into several areas. So, for problems with blood vessels, various drugs are usually prescribed. Also often used drugs that improve cerebral circulation. These include, for example, "Cavinton". For various tumors, surgery is prescribed.
Do not write off oriental medicine. Some doctors prescribe physiotherapy to patients suffering from noise in the ear. They also include the well-known acupuncture. Also, to eliminate the noise and use acupressure.
Self-medication for tinnitus is contraindicated. But do not think that the patient can not make his life easier. Many lori, as already mentioned wound, insist on consulting a psychotherapist. The main feature of the campaign to this doctor is that it helps to "mask" the noise. It is known that in some cases, patients feel worse because they constantly focus their attention on unpleasant sounds. This leads to headaches and impaired psycho-emotional state.
In this case, the psychotherapist with the help of special techniques conducts training. It has been established experimentally that a positive result occurs 3-7 months after the start of therapy. According to numerous studies, about 50% of patients are abstracted as a result of noise.
Such therapy may be accompanied by the use of various drugs. Mostly appointed sedatives. They "relax" the nervous system. Also in some cases, patients are prescribed antidepressants.
Tinnitus can occur as a result of ingestion of foreign bodies or water, and as a result of disease. In the 2nd case, it is a symptom signaling health problems. Whatever the reason for the origin of the discomfort, you should consult a doctor. Only he as a result of diagnostics, audiometry and MRI will be able to prescribe the correct treatment.