The offseason is traditionally hard tolerated by the human body: spring heat is deceptive, the autumn coolness still keeps memories of summer, and the result is always the same - a cold. And if a runny nose, with or without treatment, passes within a week, then the cough and sore throat cause a lot of trouble, without prompt measures taken, the infection moves along the respiratory tract to the lungs. Otolaryngologists say that sore throat loves water. You can gargle, breathe over the steam or make inhalations. Among others, dioxidine is very popular for inhalation with a nebulizer.
How to apply dioxidine?
Dioxidine is a drug with antibacterial activity, and its range of action is quite wide. Dioxidine is used in various diseases of the respiratory tract, with purulent and inflammatory processes. Dioxidine is most commonly used as a solution for inhalation.
The modern medical industry offers a large selection of devices intended for the treatment of ENT organs. Nebulizers differ in the principle of action: ultrasonic and compressor. The device breaks medicinal solutions to the smallest particles and delivers them to the site of inflammation. This method of treatment is more effective than taking pills or mixtures through the gastrointestinal tract. The drug is almost completely absorbed through the mucous membrane and enters the bloodstream, being transferred to the diseased organ.
Instructions for the use of dioxidine for inhalation recommends the use of the drug in adults in the dosage that the doctor prescribes. Ways of release of a medicine - an aerosol and ampoules.
Dioxidine in ampoules
Ampoules containing an aqueous solution of the drug have become one of the forms of drug release. Instructions for the use of dioxidine in vials for inhalation recommends the use of the drug in the case when cough and other symptoms are caused precisely by the activity of pathogenic bacteria.
For inhalation, the finished solution must be further diluted with saline, depending on the initial dosage. 1% drug is diluted in a ratio of 1: 4, 0.5% drug is diluted twice.
The solution for inhalation can be prepared each time before the procedure or stored previously prepared in the refrigerator, but not more than 12 hours. For one procedure requires 3-4 ml of solution.
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Per day the amount of dioxidine for inhalation should not exceed 8 ml. In case of overdose, the following symptoms are observed:
- Allergic reactions
If any of these symptoms occur, inhalation with dioxidine should be stopped immediately and consult a doctor.
Dioxidine aerosol is used for local treatment of wounds, disinfection of purulent lesions.
What to look for?
Despite the fact that the instructions clearly spell out the contraindications for children up to the age of 12 years, pediatricians quite often prescribe inhalations with dioxidine for children. The minimum age of the child is 2 years, but in this case the doctor must carefully weigh the expected benefits and the estimated harm.
Dioxidine refers to drugs that can not be prescribed independently. Inhalation with dioxidine adults prescribed by a doctor. The drug is strictly contraindicated in pregnant women, as its teratogenic, mutagenic and embryotoxic effects on the fetus have been proven.
Dioxidine belongs to the "heavy artillery" drugs, it is prescribed when other drugs cannot cope with the infection. The therapist may prescribe the drug in combination with other medications, but in any case, the dosage should be strictly followed. Before the first use of dioxidine, it is necessary to make a test and ensure that the drug is tolerated.
Reviews of patients on the use of dioxidine for inhalation are very controversial, especially when it comes to pediatrics. The instruction unequivocally warns of the possible harm that the drug causes to the child’s body of insufficient clinical research data. Many parents are afraid of such treatment. For those who coped with the infection precisely because of dioxidine, it became a miracle cure and a panacea, despite the potential harm. You should not listen to opinions on the forums, the treatment is prescribed by the doctor, and it is he who should be consulted on all issues of concern.
Nebulizer inhalation is an effective way to combat infectious diseases of the upper respiratory tract. With the help of the device, negligibly small particles of the drug reach the source of inflammation and help to cope with it. Competent choice of the drug provides an optimal approach to treatment. But this choice should always be made by a specialist; self-treatment with dioxidine can be fraught with serious consequences.