A common cause of inflammation on the skin that is difficult to treat is Demodex Tick. He lives in the sebaceous glands, as well as in the hair follicles, but with strong immunity may not cause disease. Tick infestation can be a household by using common means of personal hygiene. Most often, demodicosis affects adolescents. Facial demodex treatment should be comprehensive and include the use of local and systemic drugs.
Causes and symptoms of the disease
The main reason for the development of demodicosis is the weakening of the immune defense in humans. In this case, not only subcutaneous mites are activated, but also other conditionally pathogenic organisms, which can lead to the development of several diseases at once. When hormonal changes, for example during puberty, a lot of sebum is secreted. This is due to the fact that sex hormones stimulate the secretion of skin glands, besides the chemical composition of the secretions changes, they become more viscous and thick.
Hormones also affect immunity, protection weakens, which creates additional favorable conditions for the development of the disease. The permeability of the walls of small vessels increases, due to this, inflammation quickly spreads to adjacent areas of the skin. When the number of ticks increases several times compared with the norm, the first signs of inflammation begin to appear.
Today, demodicosis is one of the most common skin diseases. Moreover, it affects to the same extent both adults and teenagers. Experts attribute this to environmental degradation, the presence of a large number of chemicals in food, constant stress and chronic fatigue, staying for a long time in a state of nervous tension, frequent chronic inflammatory diseases, and many more. other adverse factors. Treatment of the disease causes difficulties due to the fact that it constantly recurs, and as long as the person does not change the lifestyle, any drugs will be ineffective.
The main symptom of the disease is multiple acne, which is not treatable, even with proper care of the face does not decrease. In some places on the face, the rash may become a drain, it is located on the inflamed and edematous skin. Over time, as demodicosis progresses, the entire face becomes swollen and puffy. The bulk of the rash is located in places where the person has a lot of sebaceous glands, as well as in the area of hair follicles on the skin. It is in these areas, especially with hormonal changes, immunity and acidity will decrease.
At the very beginning of the disease, the rash has the appearance of redness, and then there are pustules, which indicates the accession of a bacterial infection. When the process of inflammation takes a long time, the skin in the area of permanent rashes becomes dense and rough, in some areas of the face it may become covered with purulent crusts. Demodecosis recurs most often in spring and autumn. Externally, the disease can be very similar to the clinical manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus. Often, demodicosis occurs simultaneously with other skin diseases.
Demodex mite: methods of treatment and prevention
Before you choose drugs for the treatment of demodicosis, you need to learn the principles of treatment of the disease. Its effectiveness and the speed of the onset of the result depend on compliance with the treatment rules. First of all, you need to take into account the fact that with demodicosis there is a decrease in immunity. Therefore, it will be mandatory to take immunomodulatory drugs and drugs that restore the natural microflora in the intestine.
Before starting treatment, it is recommended to visit an endocrinologist, a gynecologist and a neuropathologist, and also consult a dermatologist. Many experts complement the complex treatment with antihistamines, because the tick often causes allergic reactions.
The rules that need to be observed during the treatment of demodicosis and for its prevention:
- Reduce the time spent at the computer because the work behind it reduces the body's defenses.
- It is important to properly care for your skin and keep it clean throughout the day. It should not be greasy, dirty or sweaty. It is recommended to often wash and apply medical cosmetics from demodicosis. Avoid visiting baths and saunas, skin contact with smoke and dust, sunburn. Wash with warm water.
- During treatment it is not recommended to use decorative cosmetics and any means for skin care, except medical ones. You should not mask acne with cosmetics because many products have a fat base, which creates favorable conditions for the reproduction of the Demodex mite.
- Feather pillows must be replaced with synthetic ones. Ticks can often live in fluff, if not get rid of the disease will often recur. Change the pillow case daily, before use, always iron it with a hot iron.
- Balance your food and discard harmful products. Both during the therapy and after it one should not eat fatty and spicy dishes, many sweets and products with a high content of chemical additives. Food should be as light and simple as possible. Eat more raw vegetables and fruits, dairy products, cereals and cereals. Give up cigarettes and alcohol.
- It is important to get rid of the habit of touching your face with your hands. Extra touch touches the skin of infection and dirt, which increases the inflammation and reproduction of the parasites.
- Treat the shaving supplies and eyeglasses with alcohol daily. Wash scarves and shawls frequently, iron them before putting them on.
What do doctors recommend, or how to effectively treat demodex?
Drugs used to treat demodecosis, most of them contain metronidazole. But recently, information has emerged that the tick has developed resistance to this substance and it is no longer as effective. There is a new generation of drugs based on ornidazole. Experience has shown that Demodex-Complex is an effective treatment for demodicosis, which many dermatologists prescribe to their patients. During treatment, it is required to minimize the stay in the open sun, so it is most convenient to treat demodicosis in the fall.
The first visible changes can be seen 2 weeks after the start of treatment, but they are more likely negative. More acne appears on the face, and the inflammation increases - this is a normal reaction, you need to be ready for it. If this does not happen, perhaps the treatment will not give the desired effect. Acne contains larvae of a dying parasite. Squeezing them is strictly forbidden because you can bring an infection that will provoke the growth and development of new ticks.
In addition to the appointment of special drugs for demodicosis, experts recommend using the Yam ointment, which can be purchased at a veterinary pharmacy or store. The drug is applied abundantly to the tick-affected skin areas 1 time a day before bedtime. The course of treatment with ointment lasts at least 10 days, it is desirable to repeat it every month. Full cure should occur in 2 months and use of funds. It is necessary to wash off the ointment in the morning immediately after waking up, use a simple soap for this purpose. During the lubrication of the face with the Yam ointment, take the Trichopol tablets three times a day for 1 week. These drugs complement each other well and speed up treatment.
During treatment, there will be a strong flaking of the skin, do not worry about it and do not try to get rid of it by using cosmetic creams. Peeling suggests that the tick dies and the skin is cleansed. The use of moisturizing and emollient creams and ointments at this time may contribute to the emergence of a new wave of reproduction and growth of the parasite.
Cleansing the body with demodicosis can help make the therapy more effective and speed up the process of cleansing the skin. Use the following recipe. You will need any vegetable oil, magnesia (available at the pharmacy) and citrus juice. Magnesia should be taken in the morning.
Dose is calculated depending on body weight, 1 g of magnesia is taken per 1 kg. Received a single dose diluted in 1 tbsp. warm water. The optimal reception time is 5.30 am. At 9.00 am take 1 tbsp. l vegetable oil, it is better to use olive oil. From 10 am to 12 at night you need to drink citrus juice. The amount of juice is also calculated depending on the weight of the person - per 1 kg 50 ml. in between the use of juice you need to take oil at 1 g per 1 kg of body weight. In addition to these products during the day, eat more and drink nothing.
This cleaning program lasts only 1 day, but it is very effective and quickly removes the body from toxins. It is advisable to clean the body in this way every 6 months. The next day, it is recommended to eat light soups and porridges in small quantities.
Treatment demodekozazaymet a lot of time, but the result is worth it. Follow all the rules of therapy and adjust your diet. Before treating Demodex go through a consultation with a dermatologist and a cosmetologist. To prevent relapses, regularly care for your face, cleanse your skin and try to use makeup as little as possible.