Many people know the feeling of being poured into the eyes like sand. This unpleasant condition is called "rezu in the eyes." By themselves, dryness and pain in the eyes are not a disease. But such symptoms may signal the development of serious pathologies in the organs of vision. Therefore, it is very important to identify and eliminate the causes of this condition.
Why cuts in the eyes?
Inflammatory process. Discomfort and pain in the eyes are accompanied by diseases such as keratitis and conjunctivitis. In diseases associated with the inflammatory process, the eye tissue becomes red and swollen. Visually, this is very noticeable: the mucous membrane changes color, and vessels are clearly visible on its background. The patient's eyelids are usually swollen. Often a person is worried about copious tears.
- The cause of the inflammatory process may be an eye injury, harmful microorganisms, contact with caustic chemicals, etc.
- Pathology and eyelid injuries. For example, blepharitis, uveitis, etc. are accompanied by a sharp eye and photophobia.
- Contact with foreign particles in the eye: dust, small insects, sand, eyelashes, splinter, etc.
- Diseases caused by viruses and bacteria (for example, herpes, influenza, measles, etc.)
- Damage to the eyes by the tick demodex -demodecosis. Inflammation arises from the fact that the hair follicles of the eyelashes are damaged by a microscopic mite.
- Wrong points.
- Too tight contact lenses or wearing expired lenses. Failure to use the lens.
- Excessive eye strain due to long and hard work, especially at the computer and with small details.
- Neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve. In this disease, pain is felt not only in the eye, but also on the entire face, in the area of the mouth and cheeks.
- Dry eye syndrome. With this violation, very little tear fluid is produced, and the eyes seem to dry out. This causes considerable discomfort, and can lead to visual impairment.
Factors that contribute to the appearance of cramps in the eyes:
- Work in artificial light and irregular lighting.
- Frequent use of indoor air conditioning.
- Long work at the computer, without interruptions and redistribution of the load on the eyes.
- Excessive visual load.
- The immobility of the eyeballs for a long time.
- Rare blinking.
Unfortunately, many people have to spend most of their time working under artificial light. In this case, the lamp may not provide the necessary amount of lighting or be too bright; be in the wrong position - too far or close to the person.
Working indoors with dry air causes the discharge of tear fluid to be disturbed, and the properties of the tear film change. Eye protection becomes less reliable, which can lead to microtraumas and various diseases, as well as deterioration of vision in the future.
In addition, if the eye is poorly moistened, the likelihood of ingress of foreign particles (eg dust) increases. There are also factors that can aggravate the situation. These include:
- The use of cosmetic products for the eyes, especially of poor quality.
- Constant contact with allergens.
- Neglect of rest for the eyes and interruptions in work.
- Wearing low quality lenses, sleeping in lenses.
- Work at night.
Eyes cut: treatment and prevention
If you have a sharp pain in the eye, feeling of dryness or discomfort, immediately consult a doctor! Do not expect the problem to be solved by itself. After all, a serious disease (for example, tick infestation) can be the cause of a sore.-
The doctor will determine the exact cause of discomfort, and prescribe the appropriate treatment. In addition, the specialist will give recommendations on how to prevent the occurrence of unpleasant symptoms in the future. The main methods of treatment include:
The appointment of a drop of ointment for the eyes. If inflammation is the cause of cramps, it is advisable to treat with drops containing antibacterial drugs. In dry eye syndrome, it is recommended to bury an "artificial tear" - compositions that mimic tear fluid. The main function of such drops is to cover the eyeball with a thin protective film that moisturizes the eyes and protects them from adverse environmental factors.
When demodicosis prescribed antibacterial drops and topical drugs that effectively fight the tick.
If mechanical damage to the eye occurs, surgery may be required. Foreign bodies, in some cases, also have to be removed surgically.
Cutting and dry eyes: prevention
Measures to prevent soreness and dryness of the eyes include hygiene and eye protection. Follow these rules:
- When performing work with a high risk for organs of sight, visiting the pool and contact with household chemicals (varnishes, paints, toxic chemicals), wear special safety glasses.
- Use hypoallergenic cosmetics from natural ingredients. It is better to purchase cosmetics in pharmacies or specialized stores from a reputable manufacturer. Before buying, always check the expiration date of mascara, pencils and eye shadow. Overdue cosmetics are strictly prohibited to use!
- If you are allergic or highly sensitive to various chemicals, try to limit contact with them to a minimum.
- In order to protect your eyes from the effects of ultraviolet radiation, wear sunglasses when going outside. It is necessary to approach the choice of points with all responsibility. It is better if they are purchased at an optics store, under the guidance of a specialist.
- Follow the rules of hygiene. Do not rub your eyes with your hands, do not touch them. If you need to get a tear wet, use a clean disposable tissue for this.
- Correctly select contact lenses. Stop picking on those that have micropores. They allow the eyes to "breathe" and provide them with the necessary hydration. Do not wear contact lenses that have expired. Under no circumstances go to sleep in contact lenses - at night your eyes should rest!
- Regularly perform special exercises for the eyes, especially if you work at the computer. Every hour, let them rest for 10-15 minutes. Do simple exercises: move your eyes up and down, to the left and right sides, make rotations with eyeballs and blink. Such exercises relieve tension from the muscles of the eye and moisturize the eyeball.
- Lead an active lifestyle, exercise and more often in the fresh air. It is also very important to eat and drink plenty of fluids. Your diet should be rich in vitamin A.
- Some folk remedies also effectively deal with rezya in the eyes. So, to relieve fatigue, you can use tea brew, decoctions of herbs, plant juice.
- Cucumber juice well removes swelling from the eyes, removes wrinkles and cares for the delicate skin of the eyelids. The lotions of cucumber juice gently eliminate inflammation, relieve irritation. You can do this procedure throughout the day, especially before bedtime.
- Honey, combined with flax oil, perfectly nourishes the skin around the eyes, relieves fatigue and tension, restores eyesight.
- With the same purpose applies a decoction of blueberries. To prepare it, take a handful of crushed berries, pour them 1 tbsp. boiling water and leave for 15-20 minutes. Cooled and filtered decoction can be used inside, or used as eye drops.
A cut in the eyes can appear for 2 reasons: due to a disease or if the rules of personal and work hygiene are not followed. In the 1st case, when a symptom appears, you should immediately get professional treatment. 2nd you can warn with the help of competent daily prevention.