So what is it here? A small knob on the lower eyelid. Strange, yesterday there was nothing on this place. It is very similar to barley, but smaller in size and not so sore, however, it is very annoying. I wonder if this will pass by itself or do you need to do something already? Consider what the chalazion of the lower eyelid and its treatment.
Chalazion of the lower eyelid: identify and treat!
The red ball, as a seed, painful and creating discomfort, located in the thickness of the century, is probably a chalazion. It should not be confused with barley, which grows on the edge of the century. Halyazion is a painful swelling, formed from the sebaceous gland due to blockage of its duct. This prevents the outflow of secretions of the gland, the accumulation of which leads to the formation of a ball with a diameter of several millimeters.
Chalazion is located inside the eyelid under the epidermis. It can be formed both in the upper and the lower eyelids. Developing, the chalazion gradually grows in size and becomes inflamed, while it is not contagious. At a later stage of development, this ball turns into a cyst and becomes hard.
The content of the chalazion includes pus and blocked fatty secretions - lipids. Most often, the edema goes away on its own, especially if it is lightened by warm compresses. Nevertheless, sometimes it lasts for several weeks and reaches a sufficiently large size. In this case, the chalazion can press on the cornea, temporarily leading to fuzzy vision and causing astigmatism.
Causes of the disease and risk factors
It is not always possible to determine the cause of the chalazion. However, there are some common risk factors:
- at risk are people who have previously suffered from this pathology;
- the risk increases with frequent touch of the eyelids with dirty hands, since dirt can block the sebaceous glands;
- people with rosacea characterized by reddening of the face and swollen bumps under the skin tend to have certain vision problems, such as blepharitis and halyazion;
- some microorganisms that live near the roots of the eyelashes may also aggravate inflammation;
- the presence of autoimmune diseases and dry eyes.
Symptoms of Chalazion
The most common symptoms of chalazion are:
- sensitive redness on the eyelid;
- painful hard ball under the skin of the eyelid;
- blurred or blocked vision;
- sensitivity to light.
When should I go to the doctor?
If the chalazion lasts longer than 4 or 5 days, it is necessary to consult with an ophthalmologist. Even if it is benign and without any serious nature, it is still subject to consultation due to discomfort and pain, which can be significant. The ophthalmologist will check the condition of the eyelids and suggest the appropriate treatment.
If there is a tendency to develop chalazion, the doctor may prescribe preventive measures, such as cleaning the eyelid with medicinal solutions or using oral medications for more serious pathology.
Medical problem solving
For the treatment of blepharitis and sebaceous gland dysfunction, oral medication is most often prescribed. Antibiotics Doxycycline, Tetracycline or Minocycline are such agents. Oral antibiotics are generally considered ineffective as direct methods of treating a chalazion that does not have any active infectious component that would require antibiotic therapy. In addition to antibiotics, steroid eye drops, such as Maxidex or Dexamethasone, can be prescribed.
An alternative procedure is to inject corticosteroids to provide better drainage. A potential side effect of steroid injections is to lighten the surrounding skin.
Also, an eye doctor for treating lower eyelid chalazion at home may prescribe the regular use of a warm, moist compress. It is placed on the outer side of the closed eyelid to promote drainage from the eye of a blocked sebaceous gland.
If the chalazion does not heal after treatment, you may need to remove it surgically. Especially when it continues to grow, blocking vision, or leading to astigmatism. Surgery is usually required as a last resort, because usually a chalazion is cured with a combination of medicines and home remedies.
What will the healers say?
Here are some popular recipes for treating lower eyelid chalazion with folk remedies:
- Cabbage leaf must be crushed and mixed with raw egg protein. The resulting mush should be wrapped in cheesecloth and attached to the eyelid. Cabbage will relieve inflammation and prevent the duct gland from thickening.
- From rye bread you need to get 100 g of pulp and pour 200 ml of cow's milk, put on a quiet fire for 10 minutes. Then add a teaspoon of crushed dried leaves of the plantain and apply to the eye as a compress.
- The best remedy for treating lower eyelid chalazion in a child is aloe juice. Cut a sheet of a miracle plant, wrap it in paper, put it in a refrigerator for two days to enhance its healing properties. The medical procedure is to lubricate the patient with activated aloe juice 3-4 times a day.
Daily care and proper eyelid cleaning help prevent the onset of chalazion in people at risk:
- The use of warm compresses forever can not only prevent but also get rid of the chalazion, if it has already appeared.
- Halyazion sometimes causes itching, but it is recommended not to touch or rub your eyelids with your hands.
- Cosmetic makeup can cause irritation of the edges of the eyelids, so they are strongly discouraged, especially those at risk or allergies.
- Antiseptic eye drops can be used as prophylactic agents in a risk group. It is advisable to consult a doctor before using this product.
In the vast majority of cases, the chalazion is relatively harmless and can be cured at home, the main thing is to start therapy in time. Be healthy!