Certain discomfort in the epigastric region, as well as rare symptoms of gastrointestinal problems, can occur even in a person who does not have any pathologies. In particular, empty emptying of air on an empty stomach, being situational, is not a sign of a serious illness. But what if it is repeated day after day? What can this symptom indicate?
Causes of belching air on an empty stomach in a healthy person
It is important to understand that a certain amount of air is always present in the esophagus and stomach (if they are not overcrowded), which is displaced as food gets there. At the same time the air has the form of a "pillow", the volume of which ranges from 0.5 to 1 l. Replenishment of this volume occurs in the process of talking, smoking, chewing gum, as well as deep breathing and frequent sips. Also, any carbonated drinks (beer, mineral water, etc.) also contribute to the ingestion of air.
- Normally, when eating this pillow becomes somewhat smaller, but does not disappear completely. However, if you clog the stomach "to failure", the upper sphincter stops closing, and the pressure from below will force the air into the throat, which will contribute to an "empty" burp.
- Excessive contraction of the stomach, which occurs when the epigastric zone is tightened with a belt (the lower sphincter closes), and vigorous exercise immediately after eating, supported by tilts, twisting the upper zone, and pressure on the stomach, also contributes to this.
- Frequent burping of the air is peculiar to pregnant women, due to the pressure of the uterus, and also occurs in persons in whose diet onions and garlic often appear, strong coffee, and fatty foods.
Thus, so that such an unpleasant symptom does not bother you, it is advisable to go in for sports 1.5-2 hours after eating (at least 60 minutes for a light snack), and make the portions small but sufficient for saturation. And do not swallow too quickly - as you also contribute to a sharp knock air.
Why does this unpleasant symptom appear constantly?
If we talk about pathologies that lead to frequent belching with air, then the main problems here are, of course, the problems of the digestive tract.
- Violations of the cardiac, in which there is no complete closure - the most common cause of "empty" belching. According to the results of radiography or endoscopy, the degree of the disease is established - from 1 to 3: the figure indicates how large the diameter of the opening of the cardia is, especially when inhaling.
By itself, the pathology is most often acquired, and its prerequisites can be surgery on the gastrointestinal tract, ulcers and tumors that contribute to an increase in pressure, burns of the mucous membrane. In addition, the work of the cardiac department is influenced by the diet: frequent overeating along with dyskinesia and reduced GI motility, as well as a weak lower sphincter are among the main causes.
- Common problems of the digestive tract - gastritis, reflux, peptic ulcer disease, pancreatitis, intestinal dysbiosis. All these diseases, one way or another, can lead to a burp (and both after eating and on an empty stomach), but more often it has a sour or rotten taste.
Also, it is impossible not to pay attention to disorders of the nervous system: certain problems of vegetatiki can contribute to gastric spasms, in turn, causing "empty" belching. But it is often "coexist" with difficulty in swallowing, lack of air in the chest, nausea. With food intake, usually these communication states do not have.
Is treatment possible for belching with air?
As for therapy itself, it is prescribed either by a gastroenterologist (if the reason is in the pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract) or by a neurologist. Treatment depends on the specific disorder and is always aimed not at getting rid of the belching, but at eliminating the primary disease. Thus, it is impossible to talk about a single scheme. However, you can pay attention to preventive measures that can alleviate the condition.
- Try not to eat large portions - let them be more often, but less so as to only suppress the active feeling of hunger.
- Do not eat on the go and do not rush to swallow: chew slowly, carefully.
- Refuse from carbonated drinks, chewing gum, cigarettes.
- After eating, keep upright for at least 30-40 minutes.
Summing up, it is worth noting once again that an occasional burp of air on an empty stomach is not a reason for panic and the search for serious diseases of the digestive tract: it is quite possible that this is a situational phenomenon. However, if the problem is not the first day, it makes sense to see a doctor to determine its exact cause.