Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen of inorganic origin (hydrogen nitrite: NH3). In our life we find a very wide use of various methods of its use.
Ammonia can take on different states of aggregation and, like other compounds, can be either in gaseous or liquid form. Ammonia is a liquid with a not very pleasant smell.
The substance is often used in school chemistry classes to show what chemical burns are. Ammonia has a yellow color, you can recognize it by its characteristic smell. If ammonia vapors are mixed with air in sufficient proportion and the right amount, then an explosion may occur, and, consequently, its share in the air, after that greatly reduced.
Currently, ammonia can be found in many places, ranging from large industrial enterprises, where it is used for cold storage, is used in medicine. After appropriate treatment, 10% ammonia solution is ammonia (ammonia hydrate: NH3· H2O). Previously, ammonia was used in the composition of the smelling salts. Few people, however, know that it is used as a component of paints or ... baking powder. As can be seen, depending on the form in which the compound is located, it may have different properties.
Most often, ammonia is used in refrigeration, refrigeration industry, mainly because of its thermodynamic properties. However, ammonia can also be used as a solvent, in particular for dissolving metals.
It is interesting!
Ammonia was discovered in ancient Egypt near the temple of Amon, to which it owes its name. Near the sacred site, was first discovered composition of camel excrement.
Ammonia is one of the osmogens (new pharmaceutical acceptable amine salts) that a person can detect by smell. To say that ammonia is ammonia is not true, because ammonia is a combination of hydrogen and nitrogen, and ammonia is a chemical compound of ammonia with water, which results in the formation of ammonia hydrate. There is an aqueous colorless 10% ammonia solution (ammonia) with a pungent odor.
- It is used in medicine (10% and 25%) as an emetic, antiseptic, analeptic and irritant.
- Alcohol is used for a quick exit from fainting and waking up from sleep.
How to apply the tool? Apply a few drops on a piece of cloth, bandage, cotton wool and bring it to the victim's nose, without touching it and hold for 2 minutes.
Take 1 tbsp. water and add 5-6 drops of alcohol. Give them a drink of alcohol poisoning.
Unlike traditional methods, such as pouring water or rubbing the ear, the method allows you to wake up and form your thoughts so that you can answer questions and look completely sober.
Ammonia can be used to sterilize needles. You just need to wipe it with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol or hold the needle for a few seconds in a bottle with it.
Ammonia perfectly removes warts. A cotton swab dipped in alcohol is pressed to the surface of the wart for 5-6 seconds. In order not to get burned, do not touch healthy skin.
If diluted ammonia with water in proportions of 1:10, it eliminates the bites of gadflies and mosquitoes, relieves burns from nettle and other plants.
Application in everyday life
Here's a good idea how easy and simple it is to clean an electric stove (oven). It is necessary to heat it to a temperature of about 65 degrees Celsius, and then turn it off. On the top shelf you need to put a small bowl with a solution of ammonia, in the very bottom of the pan with water. Oven close and leave overnight. The next day, remove the dishes and ventilate the oven (it does not smell very nice). Then wash with ammonia solution with a few drops of dishwashing liquid dissolved in 1 liter of water. Even old, burnt fat deposits are cleaned.
The gas oven can be cleaned in the same way, but before installing the container with ammonia, make sure that all the gas channels are blocked.
You can get rid of the remnants of burnt food. Place the grate on an old towel in a large wash bowl (you can do this in the bath). Pour ½ cup of ammonia, leave for 15 minutes, then take out the grate, rinse and wipe dry. The grill will be clean.
To restore the brilliance of matte crystal tableware, you need to wipe them with a soft cloth or a brush moistened with a solution of a few drops of ammonia, diluted in 2 tbsp. water and then rinse in clean water and wipe with a dry cloth.
Place the ammonia container in the painted room. Ammonia will absorb the smell. If after a few days you do not feel a clear improvement, you will notice fluid in the vessels. Vinegar with lemon slices can also be used as an odor remover.
How to deal with it? Just wash the cabinets, drawers with ammonia and water (1/2 tbsp alcohol, 1 liter of water). Leave cabinets and drawers open until dry. The moth will disappear.
Silver and gold
To upgrade silver and gold jewelry, jewelry, etc., immerse them for 10 minutes in a solution of ½ tbsp. ammonia and 1 tbsp. warm water. Wipe them gently with a soft cloth and leave to dry. You can not clean the product with pearls, it will become gray and muddy.
Ammonia removes stains very well. Before you use it for wool, silk or lycra, make sure that it is diluted and the resulting solution has a concentration of not more than 50%.
- Blood, urine and sweat stains. Soak clothes before washing in 50% ammonia solution.
- All stains (except for fatty) can be removed by spraying a solution containing equal parts of ammonia, water and dishwashing liquid. Pour it into the sprinkler, thoroughly soak the contaminated area. After a few minutes, rinse.
- Remove traces of the pencil. Use a few drops of concentrated ammonia, and then rinse thoroughly. If this does not work, pour liquid detergent onto the stain and rinse again.
With the help of ammonia, you can restore the white color of sneakers. It is enough to clean them with a solution of equal shares of water and ammonia.
Carpets and upholstery fabrics
You can remove the heel from the carpet and upholstery with a sponge soaked in a solution of ammonia and hot water (1 tbsp of pure ammonia per 2 liters of water). Leave to dry. If necessary, repeat the procedure.
Glass can be cleaned with a solution (1 tbsp. Of pure ammonia, 3 tbsp. Of water). The windows will be clean without a speck of dust. You can also use lanolin for washing windows.
To the earthenware was clean, it should be washed with a solution (1/2 tbsp. Of ammonia in 4 liters of water).
To remove plaque from the sink, washbasin and bath, you need to clean them with a solution of ammonia and water (1 tablespoon of alcohol per 4 liters of water), then rinse thoroughly.
The wax on the floor turns yellow over time. Remove the old layers of wax from the parquet and help to refresh the floor with a solution (1 tbsp. Of ammonia dissolved in 2 liters of water). After a few minutes, you can clean the wax residue with a plastic scraper. Take up excess liquid on a cloth and thoroughly wash the floor with water.
Remember, the room where you applied ammonia should be well ventilated. After all, ammonia is a chemical that can cause poisoning and serious health problems, as well as chemical burns.
Ammonia - liquid ammonia or not, you learned from this article. But even more important information - a huge number of options for the use of this substance, both in industrial and domestic purposes.