At all times, raising children and caring for them, were the primary responsibility of parents. But, unfortunately, today, these duties are not rarely violated.
In primitive society, the upbringing of the offspring involved the entire tribe, society, clan, it was a tradition, since children are our future. During the development of matriarchy, the relationship with the child with the father is enhanced, since it was believed that the woman belongs to him, and, consequently, the child as her part.
At different stages in the development of our history, attitudes toward children changed radically. Once they were treated in the same way as we now treat animals, but the twentieth century was already the "century of the child," society realized that the main factors in raising a child were Parents. It is their concern that is important for its full development, the ability to express themselves. Otherwise, who will teach the child how to exist in society?
In modern society, many problems have arisen related to the protection of motherhood, the degradation of families, their social insecurity, etc. These problems are caused by the lack of an effective public policy, and not well thought out reforms. Until a certain youth and children's policy is observed, the number of juvenile delinquents, homeless children, homeless children who do not even study anywhere increases every year. The only protection I have for children is "family law", but, unfortunately, it does not replace parents and even rarely obliges them to be brought up, more often there is a simple deprivation of rights to a child. European countries adopted the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, a document “defining children's rights to education, enjoyment of cultural achievements, the right to rest and leisure, and the provision of other services to children by UN member states”.
Basic provisions of the Family Code of the Russian Federation (RF IC) of December 29, 1995 N 223-FZ
* According to the Family Code of the Russian Federation (RF IC) of December 29, 1995 N 223-FZ, parents are equally responsible for the children, and also have equal rights and obligations. Responsibility is removed when the child reaches 18 years of age, as well as when minor children enter into marriage, i.e. with full independence, ability, and the ability to ensure a decent life.
* Minor parents also have the right to live together with the child and bring it up, but only when they have reached the age of sixteen. If the parent has not reached the specified age, the child is assigned a guardian.
* Parents are obliged to ensure the development and education of their children, and have a preferential right over others. They must take care of the physical, psychological health of the child, and must also ensure that they receive general and secondary education.
* Parents are legal representatives of their children, and must ensure the protection of their rights and the interests of the child, even in court. Ensuring the interests of children is the main concern of parents.
* According to paragraph 1 of Art. 65 A parent must not prevent a child from communicating with another parent.
Also, this item contains a list of the actions of parents that they are not entitled to perform: causing physical, moral and mental harm; cruel, rude, degrading treatment of a child; insulting (both in word and action) and exploitation (beyond the scope of family upbringing, use of labor) of a child.
Violation of the provisions formulated in this article entails: deprivation of rights to a child; cancellation of adoption, guardianship.
You can learn more about the content of the rights and duties of parents in the Family Code of the Russian Federation (RF IC) of December 29, 1995 N 223-FZ, on this site http://www.consultant.ru/popular/family/
"Family law is a set of legal norms regulating property and personal non-property relations in the sphere of marriage and family relations." Family law contributes to the development of family relations based on mutual understanding and love, support, responsibility to each member, and also contributes to the strengthening of the family and ensures the legal protection of its rights.
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