Leave for many is the most desirable period when you do not have to live according to a working schedule. It is possible to spend time on yourself, however, the employer continues to issue payment even in the absence of a subordinate in the workplace. But if the traditional holiday for 36 days is extremely simple, then, payment of maternity or school raises a lot of questions.
How is maternity leave paid?
Maternity leave for future mothers raises a lot of questions even at the time of planning a pregnancy: every woman wants to be sure that this already not a simple period will pass easily, without new difficulties and difficult tasks. Despite the annual change of decree calculators, there are unshakable factors that it is desirable for a woman who does not even plan to have a baby in the near future.
Maternity leave, in contrast to other types of leave, is an insured event. It gives the opportunity to work from the labor regime in the prenatal period, as well as the moment when the child can be enrolled in a preschool educational institution. How much time is allocated for maternity leave — the young mother herself decides, but at the same time she should remember that the period after the moment when the baby turns 1.5 years old will not be counted as seniority, and, as a result, when calculating the pension, also included will not be. The benefit is not allocated by the employer, but by the Social Insurance Fund, and, nevertheless, the payment is made in the organization to which the expectant mother belongs, because the employer participates in the process of distributing the benefit by transferring data about the subordinate to the Fund. employment, including registration on it, it is impossible to apply for a decree.
For the prenatal period, the allowance under the decree is paid for 10 days from the time when the application was submitted, and the whole amount is allocated to the expectant mother in full at once. On the sheet of temporary incapacity for work, which is issued and given to the head, the estimated date of birth is indicated, and in the application certain deadlines of 1.5 or 3 years are indicated immediately. After giving birth, a young mother will be transferred every month to care for the child. If for any reason the Foundation has delayed this process, the payment is made by the employer.
The amount of maternity allowance is determined by the estimated period of 2 years before the opening of the leave, where only fully worked days are taken into account. Also taken into account is the average daily earnings, again tied to a billing period of 2 years, and the total duration of maternity leave. The last parameter implies a time period of 140 days for pregnancy and childbirth for all situations, an increase of 16 days for complicated childbirth and 40 days for the appearance of 2 or more children. Reduction of the term is allowed if such a wish is expressed by the woman herself, but such a requirement on the part of the employer is prohibited. A young mother’s child care is paid only by 40% of her salary, and the average daily wage is calculated not for the previous 2 years, but for 1.
Features of payment sick leave
Sometimes it happens that the long-awaited vacation, planned long before its opening, is overshadowed by illness. During the working period, the authorities would be allowed to take a sick-list and pay for an unintentional weekend. And if part of the holiday is spoiled by such a nuisance, will additional financial assistance be given out, and will the vacation time be prolonged so as not to have to spend it only on treatment?
- To understand this question, you need to accurately understand the essence of the sheet of temporary disability, as officially called sick leave. According to the Labor Code, he is discharged if necessary to carry out outpatient (home-based) treatment, which is required in the case of a mild illness or in the presence of minor complications that do not imply the presence of the patient in the hospital. In particular, it also includes periodic visits to the doctor, as well as trauma, provoking the disability of a person. It does not specify the time of presence of the patient at work - it is possible to open a sick-list and to an unemployed person; therefore, during the leave, the list of disability is issued regardless of the work schedule. An open hospital employer must pay, and this is done even in the situation when the subordinate is on vacation.
- Consequently, if your legal rest was disturbed by a disease that lasted not for a day or a week, and pretty much broke all the plans, the bosses should pay you for a sick leave on vacation, or move it to start. To do this, after the closure of the hospital, the document is transferred to the employer, who adds the days of the hospital to the next vacation, extends the current or changes his time, if his subordinate so wishes, by writing a corresponding application addressed to the boss.
- For the latter, we have to wait for the issuance of an order for the organization, while a simple extension of the leave does not require it. But in any of the outcomes, the illness period is additionally paid out within 10 days according to the standards prescribed in the employment contract; those. from the sum of the average monthly salary and insurance experience.
- It should be remembered that the hospital opens on the first day of illness, otherwise the days preceding the visit to the doctor are not counted. An ion will not be paid if it is taken to care for a child or a relative, leave taken at their own expense, and also has the purpose of study. In addition, a violation of the hospital regime and disability due to the ingestion of alcoholic and narcotic substances also do not qualify for a paid disability certificate.
What you need to know the training leave?
Today, when education plays a significant role, there are frequent cases of obtaining an additional diploma during work. Therefore, for the duration of the session and other frontiers, many have to arrange study leave. Do all employers agree with this, and what are the rules for such an event?
The Labor Code of the Russian Federation states that the payment of study leave must be made within a period not exceeding 3 days prior to its opening. The term of the employee in the state of the organization to which he is attached, at the time of registration of study leave does not matter. Even if the employment took place 2 months ago, the employer must provide the conditions for attestation in the educational institution. The problem is not so much the fact that the employee receives legal weekends, which can be spent on study, as the question of their payment: it is not made in all cases.
In particular, the payment is made for students of higher educational institutions, technical schools and colleges, as well as colleges, teaching and course plants and evening schools. The form of education is accepted any, except for the evening. All conditions are governed by the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, articles 173-176.
In addition, the school must have accreditation, and the employee receives this level of education for the first time and does not have debts or marks "unsatisfactory". The employer can pay for secondary education at the same level when it happens on his personal initiative. The dates of study leave are regulated by tables for each of the educational institutions and midterm controls.
All data on vacation pay for a particular category can be found in the articles of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, but they are general information that non-governmental organizations (private entrepreneurs) can modify at their discretion. Therefore, when concluding an employment contract with an employer, be sure to discuss these points so that later there will be no misunderstanding.