About the harm of television, many have heard a long time. At the same time, few people think that the power of influence depends only on ourselves. When it comes to children, the responsibility falls on the shoulders of parents.
There are many approaches to cartoons: starting from “we are watching only old Soviet cartoons” and concluding “anything if only the child is sitting calmly”. Let's define what we expect to receive from the fact that the child is watching a cartoon:
- free time of parents to take care of their own affairs;
- relative silence in the room (watching a cartoon is usually accompanied by sitting on a sofa without noisy loud games);
- developing some skills, learning something;
- gratitude baby.
Each of these points in its own meaning. But be that as it may, it is better to somewhat limit the viewing time of the cartoon. For each age there are limitations on the maximum time spent at the "blue screen". Few adhere to them, but with might and main wonder where their child’s eyesight problems come from.
When choosing a cartoon should be guided by several parameters:
- age features (this concerns not only the duration, but also the storyline, the nuances of the graphics);
- compliance with the expectations of the child and the specific experience (a favorite toy as the main character will delight incomparably more than unfamiliar heroes);
- artistic level (replicas of the characters, the appearance of details);
- developmental tasks that need to be addressed.
From personal practice:
Choosing a cartoon is not easy. A child usually has two extremes: you want to review the same story about your favorite character many times, every time you want something new. Therefore, it is better to have more cartoons in the home movie library (it is easier to choose the best one).
For our family, we introduced several rules for children to watch animated films:
- If the child has not yet seen the cartoon, then for the first time he looks at it only with his parents. During the whole action, it is necessary to comment on the actions of the characters, to show their attitude to the events taking place. It depends on you how this or that situation will be perceived. This is the best time to explain to a child that stealing is not good (TV series “Dasha the Traveler”), moving away from parents - all the more (“Geese-Swans”), and helping others is a positive act (“Repka”). On the example of the main characters, one can show what disobedience leads to (“Alyonushka and Brother Ivanushka”), as distressing self-indulgence (“Chicken Ryaba”) and much more.
- Before sharing, parents should be 100% sure of what will happen on the screen. If you have not seen a cartoon, it is better not to show it to the child. Who knows: what if a terrible monster in the middle of viewing leaves fear in the baby’s soul? Or an unexpected outcome shakes a sensitive child? To know the answer to the question "What does this cartoon teach?" need to view it in advance.
- Discussion view after the end. Firstly, it brings parents and child closer (another reason for communication). Secondly, the retelling of the plot develops memory, improves the imagination, teaches to comprehend what is happening, to carry out a logical construction. In the future, the child will be able to view the cartoon on his own, retelling what he saw. It is better not to retell the familiar line of the plot, but to discuss some scenes: what you remember, who did what, what exactly (asking for the opinion of the child).
Thanks to these simple rules, it became easier for us to communicate with each other. Long conversations with a three-year-old daughter taught her to describe what she saw, more coherently to combine words in a sentence. The older she gets, the more interesting it is to discuss what she sees. Together with her and we are learning.
Enjoy your viewing!
Especially for womeninahomeoffice.com - Katerina