Depression - an epidemic that engulfed modern humanity. According to the World Health Organization, this nervous disorder is in the first place in the world among the reasons for non-attendance due to disability.
Women develop depression twice as often as men. At first glance, this fact is puzzling. Why women are much more prone to depression? After all, men, too, are sick, experiencing the loss of loved ones, divorces, scandals, stress, conflicts and problems in the professional sphere. Why does depression "attack" women more often? What is the reason for this?
There are objective reasons that are rooted primarily in the features of female physiology.
A certain role in why women are more prone to depression is played by a special hormonal background. It is hormones that we owe to mood swings in the premenstrual period. It is women of the so-called reproductive age - from 20 to 40 most often become victims of depression and other nervous disorders.
What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS), many of us know not by hearsay, but in our country it is not customary to seek medical help on this matter. Yes, this is a temporary condition that passes with the onset of menstruation, but the effects of PMS seriously affect health. The triggering mechanisms for depressive state in women during PMS are fluctuations, the concentration and interaction of sex hormones (in particular, estrogen). 50% of women experiencing pronounced premenstrual syndrome, sharply increased appetite. As a result, there is a rapid weight gain - from 1.5 to 2 kg. This negatively affects the psyche: it increases irritation, causes a feeling of discontent with oneself. An increase in appetite in the premenstrual period is physiologically conditioned and quite normal. He may be accompanied by symptoms such as palpitations, dizziness, sweating, weakness, problems in the bowels. There are special drugs that allow you to smooth out or completely remove the negative manifestations of PMS, but most often women put up with psychological discomfort and discomfort, considering them to be inevitable, and simply wait until everything goes by itself.
Pregnancy and childbirth
Maternity is an important part of a woman’s life. But for the body, pregnancy and childbirth is, above all, stress. Pregnancy is a very difficult period during which the female body experiences the strongest loads (in particular, the concentration of the hormones estrogen and progesterone reaches its maximum physiological values). And childbirth is comparable in its psycho-emotional impact and physical exertion, except with flight into space. Such passions can lead to prenatal or postpartum depression. Prenatal depression occurs when the pregnancy proceeds against the background of an unfavorable situation in the family or is associated with complications, for example, in the form of severe toxicosis. Postpartum depression is more common, and is a great danger. The concentration of hormones decreases sharply, which becomes a great stress for the female body. In addition, after childbirth, a woman needs peace and care of loved ones. She needs to recover quickly after giving birth to cope with the care of the baby. But often the emotional factor is added to the physiological processes: dissatisfaction with changes in the figure in the absence of time for oneself, a feeling of exhaustion and helplessness is pursued at every step. And if more and care for the child is given with great difficulty, then thoughts involuntarily creep in: "I am a bad mother. What's wrong with me?" etc. If a woman is poorly caring for the child, and aggression appears in the behavior, you should seek help from a specialist.
Depression and Menopause
Probably one of the most difficult periods in the life of women is menopause. This condition is both the norm and the disease. This is a biologically caused natural phenomenon, but at the same time, prolonged interruptions in the work of all body systems observed during this period lead to a sharp decrease in vitality and immune abilities, affecting the psycho-emotional state. Not surprisingly, women aged 45-50 often fall into depressive states of varying severity.
Depression and family
Social status is also a factor in predisposition to depression. First of all, this is due to the settings that we receive in childhood. After all, most of the tales and cartoons, books and films prepare girls for the fact that love is the most important and beautiful thing in life. If, as an adult, a woman is unhappy in love for some reason, or an existing relationship sharply disagrees with her expectations, severe depression may develop. According to research by American scientists, women who are unhappy in their married life experience depression more often than men with the same problem, but even unmarried women. Hence the paradoxical conclusion that marriage is one of the stress factors. Direct paths to stress and depression are domestic violence and low levels of well-being, especially with children.
Even very successful in the professional field, but single or childless women can also become depressed if for the sake of a career they are forced to suppress or abandon their internal attitudes. In fact, in our society there is an age limit for marriage - up to 25 years, for childbearing - up to 30. Most women who have not implemented this program, begin to feel abandoned in life. This creates a prerequisite for the development of depression and nervous disorders.
According to research conducted among 60,000 working people, it was found that the representatives of the traditionally “female” professions most often suffer from depression. Nannies and teachers (11%), catering workers (10%), nurses caring for the elderly and sick (10%), doctors (9%). The unemployed, including housewives, are also very susceptible to depression.
One of the reasons why women are more stressed than men is the emotional mobility of the weaker sex. Studying the emotional reaction of women to stress, scientists came to the conclusion that for most women stressful situations can affect memory and, as a result, their professional qualities, which in turn creates prerequisites for the development of depression.
In conclusion, we will do a little test.
- I have a constant feeling of anxiety, I feel depressed and empty.
- I am completely indifferent to any activity, including sex.
- I'm irritable and tearful
- I am haunted by feelings of guilt, hopelessness, worthlessness and helplessness.
- I am a pessimist
- I constantly sleep a little too much
- I have absolutely no appetite / constant hunger
- I constantly feel tired, I have a bad reaction, lethargy
- I get suicidal thoughts
- I find it difficult to focus, remember new information
- I have persistent ailments (for example, headaches, gastrointestinal disorders, increased heartbeat).
See also:Everything's under control! 10 steps to emotional well-being
If you agree with four of the above positions, most likely you are developing depression. There are methods that allow you to independently deal with depression (see How to deal with depression? There is a solution!). But, it should be noted that in some cases, depressive disorders can be particularly difficult, and require professional treatment.