The nervous system is a rather complicated mechanism. Many factors can influence it, and as a result, a person’s behavior and well-being. Any stress or experience can cause a nervous breakdown. Most of us know the feeling of fear. To be afraid is normal. At the same time, there are people to whom fear greatly complicates life. We are talking about panic attacks.
Panic attacks cannot be considered a mental disorder or a lifelong illness. Many people suffer from the disease. At the same time, there are those who successfully cope with bouts of uncontrollable fear. This condition can last from 15 to 30 minutes. In this case, an attack can begin anywhere: in any room, transport. Sometimes it is quite difficult to determine what caused the panic attack. Some researchers associate them with sleep deprivation, minor stresses and conflicts. It is considered that panic attack is a psycho-neurological injury and a reaction to external aggression. People with weak resistance to stress are subject to attacks. Panic attacks usually do not begin immediately. Before the first attack can take a long time.
Panic attack: what is it?
In fact, a panic attack is similar to the inclusion of the "Alarm" button in our body. There are people for whom it starts under certain conditions (for example, in airplanes). But in general, panic attack - the emergence of causeless fear. Sometimes it is very difficult to understand the premises of its occurrence.
During the attack increases blood pressure, heart palpitations. A person may have weak legs. He feels uncontrollable fear.
Signs of a panic attack:
- If uncontrollable fear occurs repeatedly, more than 4 times a month, then this is definitely a panic attack.
- Unexpected fear that is difficult to curb. It occurs out of the blue for no reason and is not affected by the environment.
Certain specific symptoms are also possible during an attack.
It can be:
- Chills, sweating, numbness of limbs
- Dizziness and feeling of looming fainting.
- Nausea, hot flashes
- Heart palpitations, feeling of suffocation, pain in the chest
Panic Attack and Heart Neurosis
Panic attack occurs as follows. Certain hormones begin to be released, which affect the manifestation of various symptoms and the general condition of the person. Their action entails an increase in heartbeat and other autonomic symptoms. Fear increases, and the amount of adrenaline in the blood begins to rise even more. It turns out that fear is directly related to how bad a patient can feel. Panic attack is the culmination, the peak of the growth of fear.
Panic attack: what to do?
Nobody has ever died of panic attacks. Despite this, they give a lot of discomfort. The very first attack is the most painful. Repeated may be less strong. In order to cope with an attack, it is necessary to break the chain of body reactions. The best option is to do auto-training. During a panic attack, it is best to lie down and try to calm down. The main task is to fight fear. He can be very strong. Up to the feeling of own death. If you calm down in time, then, as a result, hormones of fear will not stand out in large quantities. As a result, the attack will not reach its peak. By the way, in the case of attempts to calm down, sometimes it passes by itself. So just try not to think about fear, no matter how difficult it may be.
Also, rinsing with cold water and deep breaths can be excellent ways to calm during panic attacks. Many advise to drink a glass of sweetened water. Another way to speed up the completion of an attack is to breathe properly. Try breathing the diaphragm: take rhythmic inhale and exhale with your belly, not your chest.
How to get rid of panic attacks?
Currently, panic attacks are being treated from 2 sides. It can be medication and without the use of drugs. In the first case, the doctor selects a complex of drugs. Among which may be antidepressants. The patient is under observation and takes the pills prescribed by the doctor. Usually their action is aimed at regulating the amount of norepinephrine and other substances. At the same time, modern drugs have significantly reduced the risk of side effects.
Many patients are treated by a psychiatrist during treatment. It helps to understand internal problems and fears and reduce anxiety. How to get rid of panic attacks? Try to start a healthy lifestyle. Getting rid of bad habits will not only improve your health, but also help reduce the risk of fear attacks. Our body is one. Anything can affect the nervous system. It is worth doing sports. They say it helps even with depression. The saying "In a healthy body - a healthy mind" perfectly reflects the impact of physical activity and a healthy lifestyle on the human psyche. Anything can affect the onset of panic attacks: the instigation of sleep patterns, the experience of internal conflicts, traumatic factors. In each situation, you should look for specific reasons.
Panic attacks: how to fight?
It is worth remembering that panic attacks do not arise just like that. They are directly related to our experiences and emotions. Therefore, one of the ways to fight is to increase stress resistance and self-control. To reduce discomfort and reduce the time of attack should follow a certain sequence of actions.
- Try to realize that fear is not fatal, that it will pass. This will help you calm down.
- Switch attention to something else. Distract yourself by any means. To do this, you can begin to breathe in some kind of container or paper bag.
- You can fight panic attacks by understanding the situation. It is necessary to understand the mechanism of the formation and course of the attack.
- Many people successfully fight panic attacks through meditation. By them is meant not the religious practice of Hinduism and Buddhism, but a way to relax and purify the mind. Do not think that meditation will aggravate the attacks or eradicate the problem instantly. Requires constant practice. First of all, it will get rid of fear. Meditation is aimed at freeing the brain from the flow of thoughts. We used to constantly think. With the help of meditation you concentrate on your inner state and relax.
Panic attacks can begin in any person. We all accumulate negatives, experiences and fears. At some point, the nervous system can not cope. As a result - the emergence of uncontrollable fear. Do not despair. The disease is not fatal and can be defeated in many ways. These include taking medication, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, psychotherapy and meditation.