Today, fashion exists for everything, including pets - especially on Yorkshire terriers, or, as they are also called, “pocket” dogs. But there is nothing wrong with that. On the contrary, such popularity indicates only that these cuties managed to win the hearts of millions of people all over the planet.
Why did the Yorkshires become so popular?
If you want to make yourself a little friend, then the Yorkshire Terrier, the pros and cons of the breed which we will look at in detail in the article, is ideal for this. He is affectionate, gullible and very faithful.
The first representatives of the species appeared at the end of the XIX century in the northern county of Yorkshire, England. They were tiny dogs with smoky gray semi long hair. They lived in the families of peasants, guarding homes and barns with grain from rodents.
During the period of active development and establishment of trade relations with Scotland, many settlers settled western lands, bringing with them simple belongings and four-legged friends - Scottish terriers. Subsequently, a new breed, known as the Yorkshire Terrier, was bred by the weaving mill workers by crossing English Yorkshire and terriers from Scotland.
Yorkshire Terrier: the pros and cons of the breed
The Yorks are very brave: until the very last breath, they will protect their family members who are in danger. But these are demanding companions that you have to reckon with. And if you decide to get yourself such a lovely pet, it is better to get acquainted with its advantages and disadvantages in advance.
- small size, which makes York ideal for living in small apartments;
- Yorkshire do not need to strengthen and daily training;
- little dogs love to travel and easily carry a long road;
- thick wool lacks undercoat, so yorkies do not shed;
- Terriers are friendly, sociable, easy to get along with other animals, but in relation to unfamiliar dogs are aggressive.
- Yorkies are too energetic and mobile, have a great natural curiosity, which often results in serious injuries (given the fragility and miniature of the breed);
- Pets require constant attention, games and care. Yorkshire homes are small children who need constant supervision;
- York is not the most ideal dog for families with small children. If they are not brought up from early childhood, but on the contrary, indulge their whims, they grow up selfish. As a result, children are perceived by miniature dogs as competitors;
- for their wool requires daily care: combing, cutting, bathing.
- Yorkies have weak tooth enamel, so you need to regularly take care of your teeth - clean and carefully remove plaque.
Another important factor when buying a Yorkshire is their pedigree. The huge popularity of the breed has generated a lot of offers for the sale of miniature dogs from unprofessional and unscrupulous breeders.
But, when amateurs are engaged in breeding puppies, dogs have poor heredity and immunity. In this case, even a good upbringing, correct diet and care will not fix the situation. The dog is often sick, does not obey. The same problems arise in her offspring.
Proper care and nutrition
In relations with the Yorkshire terriers can not be weak. You must be persistent, but gentle in their education, to act without aggression and coercion.
The main stages of Yorkshire care
- Every morning the dog needs to wash his eyes. For this purpose, special solutions are sold at a pet store or a vet pharmacy. It is allowed to treat the eyes with a cotton swab dipped in chamomile tea or a weak tea.
- Yorkshire ears are cleaned once a week. It is best to do this after swimming. Never treat your auricle with a dry cotton swab. Use a special liquid or hypoallergenic milk makeup remover designed for sensitive skin.
- An adult dog should be bathed every two weeks. Yorkshirs do not like to do this, so you have to show perseverance and ingenuity to wash your pet. Water procedures are best carried out in the bath. Water should be warm. Wool wash special shampoo and thoroughly dried.
- Every 2 weeks it is necessary to carefully trim the regrown hair on the ears, around the paws and between the fingertips, and also to cut the claws.
- You need to comb a terrier every day, pre-moistening the coat with special products. The mats are neatly straightened or clipped.
Terriers can be fed with both balanced dry food and natural products. It’s up to you to choose which type of food you choose. But mixing dry food with natural food is strictly prohibited.
A dog's diet depends on its age:
- puppies aged 3-6 months are fed 4 times a day;
- at the age of 6-12 months - 3 times a day;
- An adult dog from 1 year old and older is fed no more than 2 times a day.
Portions should be moderate, at the rate of 1 tbsp. l ready meals at 500 g dog weight. Dry food and canned food usually contain all the elements necessary for an animal: proteins, fats, carbohydrates.
If you think that it is better to feed your pet with natural products, take care of the vitamins and minerals it needs. With this food system in the feed must include such products as:
- boiled meat (any, except pork: it is too fat);
- buckwheat and rice, millet (it is included in the diet no more than 1 time per week);
- dairy products;
- boiled carrots, zucchini;
- fresh apples;
- boiled fish (not more than 1 time per week).
It is strictly forbidden to give food from the master table to Yorkshire terriers, as well as:
- salted, pickled and smoked dishes;
- short pastry (it is allowed to treat Yorkshire occasionally with a piece of unleavened bread);
- raw fish;
- fresh grapes and raisins.
Many novice dog owners are concerned about the question of how many years the Yorkshire terriers have lived. Experts say that with proper care and a balanced diet, the average age of Yorkshire is about 15 years.
Almost all owners of Yorkshire agree that it is impossible to attribute a small dog to ordinary indoor species. Yorkies have a peculiar character. They are extraordinarily intelligent, proud, cunning, tireless and fearless. Such animals are easy to raise and are pleasant in communication, very friendly. They are happy to establish friendly relations with members of their families, including other pets.
Their intellect requires training, so they eagerly agree to trainings and diligently learn to execute commands. The best reward for them is the praise of the owner. Breeders of Yorkshire terriers in a review claim that with proper care, dogs do not shed and do not litter the house with wool, do not have a specific smell. And if you ask their owners if they regret their choice, the owners of Yorkies will surely tell you that this dog is the best in the world!
If you want to make yourself a small and reliable friend, pay attention to the Yorkshire terriers, ideal for this role. Give your pet plenty of care and attention - and in return you will receive a very friendly and well-educated companion, faithful and loyal to his master. With the right upbringing and proper care, the Yorkshire will never turn into spoiled, barking dogs on every occasion.