Yew tree is a tree plant. Yew differs very long life. Yew lives up to one and a half thousand years. Scientists also investigated several specimens that have survived to three and four thousand years. Each year, the plant grows by about two to three centimeters.
Yew differs and a good root system, which helps this tree to feel well in any conditions. A powerful, well-developed yew root will provide it with nutrients during planting, both on loose and heavy, very dense soils.
Yew does not bear fruit, but the seeds of this plant on top have a solid, fleshy shell of bright red color. Accordingly, it becomes clear that they are so often mistaken for berries.
Seeds of yew forms not in the first year of their life, but only when they reach the age of twenty-five - thirty years old. But passing this time line, yew provides itself with new seeds every year.
As a rule, yew pleases you with a flowering period of two years, and the third year is resting. Then the cycle repeats again.
Seeds are ready for planting in the autumn.
That fact is interesting that the yew is poisonous both for the person, and for animals. Toxin (alkaloid) is found in almost all parts of the plant: these are leaves, seeds, and bark.
This yew is a very popular classic in landscape design. The plant is actively used to compile the English garden.
The yew is perfect for creating borders, figured compositions, hedges.
Since the plant we are considering tolerates pruning, even very strong, then it will not be difficult to give different shapes to a yew. In the course of forming the moles, you can get figures, cubes, balls, which will perfectly decorate your garden plot.
Neatly trimmed hedge looks great.
You can plant a yew as a whole small tree, purchased in a specialty store or with hands. It will also be realistic to grow yew from seed or cuttings.
If you plant cuttings, then they will quickly develop the root system, and we are talking not only about annual, but two-year-old shoots.
Plant best in fertile soil. You can prepare a soil mixture in this way: take the turf soil, sand and peat in a ratio of 3: 2: 2, and then mix everything thoroughly.
Yew grows well on alkaline and slightly acidic soils. That sour soil composition yew will not transfer.
Prepare a landing hole and lay drainage on the bottom. Drainage is a prerequisite for planting yew. Use it to form a broken brick or river pebbles. The drainage layer must be at least twenty centimeters.
Very bad yew will tolerate the presence of heavy metals and toxins in the soil. However, like all other plant crops.
It is possible to add organic fertilizers to the planting pit after the drainage has been laid, and then plant the yew in open ground.
After planting, plenty of water seedlings.
Observe the obligatory distance between plants in one row of at least two meters. In fact, experts indicate the distance from one and a half to two and a half meters, but two meters distance will be optimal for growing a hedge.
When planting seedlings, control one of the most important conditions — the root collar at ground level. Do not bury the plant during planting in any way.
The depth when planting a yew is not less than sixty - seventy centimeters.
Landing can be made not only in the landing pits, but also in the trench.
Yew grows slowly, so you have to be patient.
This yew is so popular due to the fact that it is not particularly fastidious to the conditions that are required for cultivation.
Yew must be watered, but not flooded. Stagnant water in the soil will not tolerate the plant. This will lead to decay of the root system. But without moisture is impossible. If the ground is too dry, the plant begins to wither, the leaves of the yew saturated green color turn to yellow, characteristic for the autumn pigment. The very first thing that suffers from drought is the needles, which is located near the trunk.
In addition, we should not forget about the dressings that will be required by the plant during the period of its vital activity. Fertilizers are better to make complex. To plant them in water for irrigation, so yew will be able to assimilate more nutrients. Fertilizers are applied in spring and autumn, when the plant needs it the most.
The most active periods of life (growth and development): spring and summer.
Do not forget to gnaw the soil and remove the weeds.
By the way, watering can be done as follows: somewhere in the meter - two from the trunk of a yew in a circle, make a small trench and watering it in it, and then a little closer to the trunk.
Watch for crown condition. Remove damaged branches and those afflicted with disease.
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