Outside the height of summer. This, as is known, is not only a time of rest, but also active labor in summer cottages, in vegetable gardens and gardens, the purpose of which is a rich and high-quality harvest. Everyone knows that far from the last place is played by fertilizers and various mineral substances that are so necessary for the soil. Today it will be about such top dressing as ash.
At first glance, it is hard to believe that ordinary ash can favorably influence the earth. But in fact, his role is very large. Ash is not only an excellent fertilizer, but also helps to get rid of various pests. It can replace any potassium phosphate fertilizer.
Wood ash does not contain chlorine. Therefore, it is great for plants that do not perceive it. Among them: raspberries, currants, strawberries and potatoes. Ash protects well cabbage cabbage from such dangerous diseases as blackleg and kila. Such vegetables as cucumbers, squash and zucchini are also well received. You only need to add 1-2 tbsp. l in the hole when you plant seedlings. There is another way - to make 1 tbsp. ash per 1 sq.m., when you dig a bed.
You can also prepare liquid fertilizer from ash. To do this, take about 150 grams. on 1 bucket of water. The resulting solution must be constantly stirred and carefully poured into the grooves, and then immediately covered up with soil. For vegetables such as tomatoes, cucumbers and cabbage, approximately 0.5 liters will be needed. on the plant.
Use woodAshes can be used not only for fertilizer, but also to save crops from harmful insects and various diseases.Powder the plants need in the morning, with the first dew or pre-spray them with water. The solution is prepared very easily! Fill with hot water 300 gr. sifted ash and boil for about 30 min. Wait for the decoction to stand. Then strain it and dilute with water to make 10 liters. In this mixture, add 50 grams. ordinary soap. Spray the plants in the evenings, in dry, warm weather.
In addition, with the help of ash you can scare away slugs and snails. To do this, simply sprinkle dry ash around the plants you want to protect.
Some tips on using ash as fertilizer:
- Depending on the wood, the chemical composition may vary. It should be borne in mind that ash increases the alkaline reaction of the earth and thus complicates access to vital substances for plants. That is why do not pour ashes into the soil with a high content of alkali and under such plants as camellia, blueberries, cranberries and heathers.
- Do not use ashes derived from garbage or from painted wood and coal. It may contain hazardous chemical elements and heavy metals.
- And finally, the last important piece of advice: when working with ashes, you must protect your hands, eyes and nose. Therefore, wear gloves and wear special protective masks.
To achieve the effect with the help of ash, you can follow certain rules.
- If, for example, you have a heavy soil, then it is best to make it in the fall. And if the land is sandy or peaty - in the spring. Ash should be poured immediately in rows or wells immediately before sowing seeds and planting plants. It is desirable to mix with the soil. Ash is great for all vegetables.
- For 10-20 acres of land will be enough 1 bucket. It is necessary to take into account the fact that the ash muddies the earth. In most cases, the soil is acidic in itself due to the systematic cultivation of the same vegetables on it. Therefore, overdo it with this fertilizer is also not worth it.
- Do not pour ash along with humus. Separate them. There is an original feeding recipe that is great for all vegetables. To do this, take 1 tbsp. wood ash, vsypte it in 10 liters. water, mix thoroughly and pour into the well. Then cover it with earth. Alternate the ashes with bird droppings, mullein, etc.
Wood ash as fertilizer
Wood ash has valuable properties and is able to replace the most expensive and widely advertised fertilizer. Collecting ashes is easy! Remove with the help of a rake the remains from plants, cut trees and bushes on your site and be sure to save and burn all this.
When collecting ash, you need to consider some facts. Avoid contact with water or rain. Otherwise, it will lose all useful properties. Store ashes in sacks or buckets, and best of all in a shed.
The peculiarity of wood ash is that seeds are often soaked in it. To do this, take 500 ml. water and 1 tbsp. of ashes. Let it stand for a day and drain it. Then place the seeds in this extract for about 12 hours.
Ashes are well perceived by vegetables such as zucchini, squash and cucumbers. You can use the following solution: 2 tbsp. ash steamed in 1 l. boiled water. Insist 6 h, then strain and bring to 10 l. Prepare the mixture to treat the beds.
The same effect is favored by ash on the wisp and plum. It is necessary to use such dressing no more than once every 3-4 years. Special ditches are made to a depth of 15 cm. Ash is poured in them and everything is covered with a layer of earth. An adult tree needs about 2 kg. fertilizer.
The composition of the ash depends on exactly what was burned: wood, straw, sunflower stalks, potato tops, dung, peat, etc.
It has all the necessary components necessary for plant nutrition. Ashes contain calcium, magnesium, iron, boron, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, silicon, sulfur and many other important trace elements.
Ash as a fertilizer for potatoes
Wood ash has a very positive effect on the quality of the potato crop. 1 kg. ash can add 6-8 kg. potato tubers. It is best to pour it into the wells directly during planting. In addition to wood, you can use peat ash, but it contains less nutrients. Therefore, it is necessary to pour in so much more ash than wood.
Ash is the best feeding for potatoes. It increases starchiness and makes the crop more qualitative and tasty. Do not forget about the benefits of ash for your plants, fruits and vegetables and you will definitely get a good and high-quality harvest!