Houseplants serve as a living decoration of the dwelling, but at the same time need careful and proper care. Many flowers require transplantation with the onset of spring. This is not the easiest task, but if you follow a few simple rules, you can quickly carry out the necessary procedure.
First of all, before starting a transplant, you need to take care of the pots. It is important that the new was a little more than the previous one. Making a choice is simple - the container, in which the plant is now located, should easily fit in a new pot. If clay was chosen, then one day prior to transplanting it will have to be soaked in plain water. When using an old container from another plant, it must be thoroughly washed with warm water using a brush.
The most suitable time for transplanting indoor flowers is spring and early summer. Most of the plants awaken after winter precisely during this period, therefore, an intensive activation of metabolic processes begins. A positive effect on health and growth has an increase in light activity and daylight.
Many experienced flower growers transplant indoor plants, taking into account certain lunar phases. The ideal option would be to perform such a procedure during the growing Moon, while it is desirable that the Moon at this time be in favorable signs for the plant - this is Water and Earth (this includes Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces or Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn).
When to transplant indoor plants?
One of the most important criteria for transplanting indoor flowers is his state of health, and of course, the size of the pot. If the plant was purchased only recently, then regardless of the season, it is necessary to transplant about 2 weeks after the purchase. The fact is that it is usually sold in a special shipping container.
Also, without fail, transplantation is carried out for those flowers that feel cramped in the old pot. For all perennials, this procedure should be carried out once a year. However, not all indoor flowers need a new land. Transplanting is strictly forbidden if the period of budding or flowering begins. The same rule applies to the period after flowering has passed, because the plant needs time to get some rest.
Once a year, it is possible to transplant for species with abundant foliage, among which are lanes, balsam, tradescantia, chlorophytum, etc. The need for the procedure is determined by taking into account how closely the plant roots have become in the old pot. Much less often, it is recommended to transplant cacti, tree plants (for example, palm trees, cheflers, etc.), and of course, adult orchids.
Transplant flowers correctly: the sequence of the process
- First of all, it is necessary to transplant plants, in which the lower leaves began to intensively turn yellow and dry, and the roots crawled through the drainage holes, since these are sure signs that the old pot has become cramped.
- A little drainage is placed on the bottom of the new tank - it can be expanded clay, broken fragments (downwards) and small pebbles (2-3 cm layer). Above the ground is poured, which is selected based on the type of transplanted plant. If it is difficult to choose the soil individually, then you can take a universal mixture designed for indoor plants.
- Approximately 1.5 hours before transplanting, it is necessary to water the plant well, and the water should appear in the pan. If this is not done, then an earth bed, which will be removed from the pot along with the roots, may begin to crumble and seriously damage the root system.
- The plant is carefully removed from the pot and placed on an oilcloth or newspaper. It is necessary to conduct a thorough inspection of the roots and cut off all weak, rotten or damaged. There are cases when the roots tightly braid drainage at the bottom of the tank, it must be carefully removed.
- Too large bushes can be divided into several parts. The young processes are transplanted into separate pots. Also during transplantation, it is necessary to remove the top layer of the old soil, since it will now have little benefit.
- It is necessary to hold the plant with one hand, and the second one carefully lower the earthen room with the root system into the prepared pot and straighten the twisted or bent up roots, but be careful not to damage them.
- The flower is kept evenly and the space between the walls of the container and the earthy clod is filled up. Periodically it is necessary to slightly condense the earth, since it must settle. Do not allow the formation of voids. The ground should reach the base of the stem, but it leaves about 2 cm to the edge of the pot. If you pour in too much soil, then water can flow over the edges during irrigation.
- After the transplantation is completed, it is necessary to water the plant well and sprinkle with a small amount of dry soil on top. No sooner than in a week the next watering will be carried out, but at the same time, it is recommended to spray the leaves every day.
If an adult plant was transplanted, it will have to be removed for a few days in the shade, and over time you can return to the old place. Experienced growers advise after the completion of transplantation to cut or pinch the ends of the stems, thereby greatly improving nutrition and begins a more active development.
Knowing how and when it is better to transplant indoor flowers, You can protect the plant from various diseases. However, there are times when a particular ailment requires an immediate transplant. The main signs of a serious disease in houseplants are yellowing of the leaves, dry buds. Such damage can be triggered by pests of the root system, leaf rot, contaminated or damaged soil.
In this case, a simple transplant will not be enough. There is a need for thorough cleaning of the root system from the old soil. All roots are carefully released from the ground, then an inspection is carried out, all rotten parts are cut off.
Immediately before the diseased flower is placed in a new fertile soil mixture, it is necessary to rinse all the roots using a weak solution of potassium permanganate, special root growth stimulants can also be used. But you can do even simpler - sprinkle the root system with a small amount of crushed charcoal and only then fill it with earth.
It is necessary to carefully transplant plants such as Campanula, Azalea, arrowroot, Faddyanka, ferns, palm trees, because they have a weak root system and do not tolerate this procedure. Experienced gardeners do not recommend replanting a large plant that grows for a long time in the 1st pot, because there is a risk of breaking it in the process. But, if there is a need, in the spring you can simply replace the top layer of the earth with a fresh one.
Transplanting indoor plants is an important part of caring for them. This is a complex procedure that can damage the health of the plant, so it must be carried out, following all the rules. This is best done in the spring or early summer, based on the recommendations of the lunar calendar. It is better not to replant large flowers; if necessary, it is enough to replace the top layer of earth in them.