Zinnia is probably one of the brightest colors of the Aster family. That is why so many gardeners love it. This plant is an excellent decoration for any flower bed, especially since the care for it is quite simple.
How to grow healthy zinnia: the main factors
Zinnia is a representative of annuals. Height is up to 70 cm. Flowers are very persistent, luxuriantly blooming, growing well. They are similar in shape to dahlia buds. Stems are straight and strong. Grow quickly, but are afraid of morning dew and humidity. Moderate watering promotes better petal formation in zinnia.
Grow a flower is easy. The plant is light-loving, does not tolerate frost. For it to develop better, it is necessary to properly prepare the ground. Any land is suitable for tsinii. It is advised only to dig it before planting and to make mineral fertilizers. After enrichment, the soil will become more fertile. At the end, make the following mixture: 1st tablespoon. superphosphate, potassium sulfate, nitrophosphate and loosen the earth.
A place to grow tsiniya should be warmed by sunlight and not be too windy. Remember that the flower does not tolerate waterlogging, drought and poor drainage system.
Zinnia is propagated by seeds. Sow them in the soil in the May period of 3 seeds, at a distance of 35 cm from each other. To plant bloomed earlier, the flower is grown seedling method. In early spring, the seeds are planted in small containers, 6 cm wide, with 3 seeds each. At the beginning of summer, when frosts are not foreseen, they are transplanted to a permanent place by the transshipment method.
The most harmful for a tsiniia pests are: spider mites (2ml per 1 liter of water "Phytoverm" per 1 liter of water), slug, aphid (1 table. Sparks per 10 l of water), meadow bug, miner fly, scoop, common earwig.
The most characteristic diseases: damage to rot of the root system, stem base. Against rottenness, use the drug "Hom" 10 l 40 gr.
If the flower is ill with powdery mildew, then the drug "Topaz" 1 ampoule (4 ml) in 10 liters of water.
Planting tsiniya seedlings: the rules
Growing seedlings zinnia begin in late March - early April. Crops will grow quickly, after 5 days. When the first true leaves appear, the seedlings need to dive. After seating in separate cups. In the containers zinnia can pinch, for better branching of the stem.
Small seeds are planted in boxes. Large after diving sow in glasses of 2 pcs. After the expiration of time, the weakest seed is determined and removed. In the soil in the open air, the seedlings are planted when frosts are no longer foreseen. Even a small decrease in temperature will destroy zinnia seedlings.
You can sow the seeds in the open soil, but after establishing the heat. Plants will grow and stretch, but bloom later. Some flower growers use 2 methods: planting flowers through seedlings, and immediately into open ground.
After disembarking, zynia requires fertilizer - the first time after planting, when the buds have formed. After that, feed each month. For food suitable humus. Make sure that the amount of nitric acid in the fertilizer does not exceed the permissible limits. From the high nitrogen content, zinnia stalks will rot and die.
When seedlings take root in a new area, cut the upper stems, it contributes to a more lush flowering plants. Dried buds need to be cut to open new ones.
Zinnias are different in appearance of inflorescences.
- Scabiosa flowers
- Gaillardie flowers,
- Georgifolotkovye plants.
The following types are perfect for growing:
- Zinnia Elegant, one of the most impressive representatives of the genus. Most often found on sites. It has gorgeous bright petals. It can be white, pink, orange, red, lilac, yellow and even green. Blue inflorescences are not found. Stems erect, with branches, large and rough leaves. In height reaches 20 cm.
- Leafpeaker Zinnia, another 1 subspecies distributed in the territory of the middle belt. In length up to 35 cm, branched stems from the very base. Forms spherical outlines of bushes. The colors on the buds are arranged in rings, edging or spots.
- Zinnia Xsare, painted in lemon tones. It blooms from June to September.
Among the abundance of plant varieties for a bed of zinia stands out elegant bright flowers. She gladly planted in areas in the middle lane. There are several types of cynium with different shapes and colors of buds, which makes it possible to choose a plant for every taste.