For 400 years since the first mention of hyacinths, as about room flowers, more than 300 varieties of this wonderful plant have been bred. Methods of care and breeding have changed, but the question of whether hyacinths should be dug up after flowering was decided by biologists. A single scientific opinion is necessary.
When to dig hyacinth bulbs?
Digging hyacinth bulbs is necessary after the flower blooms, the plant leaves will wither and wither away the roots. The bulb must be at least 5 cm in diameter, only in this case it is suitable for subsequent forcing. If the bulb is smaller, it can be planted in open ground. In any case, most experts insist that before re-blooming on the windowsill, the hyacinth needs 2 years to grow in the ground.
Digging bulbs need no later than the end of June. After that, they must be dried for a week at a temperature of 20 degrees in a well-ventilated area. When the hyacinth bulbs dry out, they need to remove the roots and scales. To separate babies from the parent bulb, if possible. After that, leave alone for at least 3 months: 8 weeks, hyacinth should be stored at a temperature of 26 degrees, and the remaining 4 weeks at 17 degrees.
To increase the chances of re-forcing the hyacinth bulbs after flowering, you can use fertilizers to help preserve the nutrients in them. To do this, it is necessary to prepare 1 part of superphosphate, 2/3 part of ammonium nitrate, 0.5 part of potassium salt. Mix and 1 g of the resulting mixture diluted in 0.5 liters of water. You can also use blood meal, poultry manure or industrial fertilizers offered for flowers in stores. Before applying any fertilizer, the soil should be moistened with water.
It is necessary to apply any means after the hyacinth finishes to blossom, and to finish at the time of withering away of leaves. Then the bulbs should be left in the ground for several days, and then dug.
How to plant bulbs of hyacinths after flowering?
Before planting, after a period of storage, hyacinth bulbs are best maintained at 5 degrees for 2 days. Choosing a place for planting, you need to pay attention to the fact that it was located as far as possible from the bushes and trees, it was even and well lit. The ideal would be the option if all this area has a slight bias, then the snow and water will not drown the bulbs and do not create a threat to their death. Before planting, all bulbs should be tight to the touch, without any damage. For the prevention of rot, they can be dipped in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or in a foundation.
Hyacinths are planted to a depth of 15 cm, if measured from the bulb onion to the soil surface. Children do not need to plant so deeply and the distance between them can be much less. It is very important to plant the bulbs in the hole, at the bottom of which is 4 cm of river sand. It is best to gently press the hyacinth onion there, and from above fill it with a layer of sand, then soil. This method will save them from infections and decay. After disembarking, all wells need to be watered. Before frost hyacinths cover sawdust, spruce or dry peat. When the soil begins to thaw in the spring, the remnants of the insulation must be removed.
Hyacinths: care after flowering
- As soon as the hyacinths have flowers, leave the flower arrow intact for a while. This will enable the onion to obtain the necessary nutrients for future development.
- In the event that the flowers are not fallen, it is desirable to cut the arrow. Otherwise, all the nutrients in the bulb will be spent on seed formation. Cut the flower arrow should be so as not to harm the leaves and do it quite low. The cut from the arrow should be sprinkled with pounded coal to make it heal faster. Such an operation will allow all the nutrients that it spent to emit a peduncle to be returned to the bulb.
- Watering a hyacinth after flowering is recommended very copiously, but rarely. Watering should be continued until the leaves turn yellow completely. By this time the onion will pick up the desired value.
- It does not hurt to feed the plant, because during this period hyacinth accumulates the nutrients it needs. For this, potash phosphate fertilizer is best suited.
- Dried leaves must be separated from the bulb and gradually stop watering the flower. In the same period, he begins to die off of the lower part of the base and adventitious roots.
- After 14 days the hyacinth can be dug. Then the bulb should be dried, cleaned and stored for storage in a ventilated, dry place until the end of September.
- In October, the onion can be planted in a small pot and put in a place where the temperature is kept within 5 - 6 degrees.
- Water it very rarely, otherwise it may rot. Remove the pot 14 days before the hyacinth blooms and remove to a place with a temperature of 10 to 20 degrees. As soon as arrows begin to appear from the bulb, it can be brought out into the heat.
Hyacinths delight their owners in the late spring and early summer with a variety of bright colors. They are unpretentious and undemanding in leaving, very quickly get accustomed on a place of landing. But behind them you need special care, especially after flowering. Most importantly, do not miss the moment when you need to dig up hyacinths in order to re-plant in warm weather!