In the autumn, it is time to prepare the garden for the approaching winter. Many flowers that adorn the flower beds have already faded, including the handsome peony. But if you want it to grow on your garden plot for many years, care should be taken to transplant it in time. The ability to transplant peonies correctly and in time will ensure their excellent growth and luxurious bloom for 7 years without a transplant.
When is it best to transplant peonies?
- It is best to transplant peonies in the second half of August, when the period of their intensive growth ends. To do this, the old bushes need to dig, divide and plant in new places. To get the plant, you need to undermine the bottom, making a trench with a depth of 2 bayonet spade and around the bush at 30 cm from the stems.
- After this, with a small stick with a blunt end, gently clean the root system of the flower from the soil. Then carefully remove the bush from the pit, trying not to break and cut the roots. Set aside for 3 hours so that they have time to dry slightly. This will reduce their fragility, which is very important for dividing the peony bush. All parts separated from the shrub that are suitable for breeding should have 2-3 shoots and 3-4 buds on the roots..
- If the peony roots are too tightly intertwined, when splitting, cut them into separate pieces with a garden knife. Place the slices powdered powder obtained from crushed charcoal. Prepare pits for planting peonies can be in advance, even in the fall or spring. It is enough to make holes for flowers with a width of 50 cm and a depth of 60 cm. It is necessary to put compost on the bottom with a layer of 20 cm and sprinkle with soil 10 cm thick. The hole can be watered.
- The separated parts of the peony should be planted so that the buds of the above-ground part of the flower are at the surface and are not covered with earth. Around the bushes of plants you can place 4 planks, creating a semblance of a box without a bottom. Before the onset of frosts, the soil should be mulched with a 6 cm peat layer. And for the first loosening in spring, it can be removed to the edges. With the onset of a thaw, flowers can be fed with mineral and organic fertilizers.
- After transplantation and successful flowering of peonies in September, they are recommended to be prepared for the upcoming wintering. To do this, cut the pruning stalks to the ground and pour the soil around the bushes. Then it is recommended to break through.
How to transplant peonies?
Before digging out the peonies for transplanting, cut the stems on a level with the ground. After that, dig the flowers around the perimeter at a distance of 20 cm from the base. If the peony is large and old, the plant must be carefully dug using a fork. Then remove it, trying not to damage the roots, clearing the ground. In order to thoroughly clean the roots of the roots, the flower can be put on the ground and rinsed with a weak stream of water. This should be done so as not to damage the kidneys.
After the prepared peony bush lies in the sun, and its roots become more flexible and slightly tightened, remove all the sick and rotted with a knife, cut the main ones by 15 cm at an angle of 60 degrees. Before proceeding to the division of the pion, you need to find a place where the root neck and roots join, noting the location and number of buds.
Finding the central part of the old bushes, drive a wedge into it with a hammer. Be very careful not to damage the kidneys. This wedge will help divide the bush into 3 parts. If the middle of the bushes fell, all the rotten parts will require special treatment. They need to be cleaned from rot, disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate and powdered with pounded charcoal. The part of the pion suitable for transplantation should include the part of the root collar with 4 buds and several healthy roots, from which later tubers will be obtained, in which nutrients will accumulate.
How to transplant peonies in spring?
Although the best time for peony transplantation is the beginning of autumn, they can also be transplanted in spring. The most favorable period is April and May. Replant the flower in the spring preferably with a large earthen ball. Soil can not be cleaned and washed. Before you transplant the plant, you need to prepare the planting hole, adding there nutritious loose soil. As a top dressing, it is better to use mineral fertilizers, manure or rotted compost.
Shave the shrub gently, cut the cuts of the flower parts with charcoal and immediately transfer to another place. In the spring, the roots are brittle, so their parts will still remain. In summer, the peonies need to be watered regularly, without waiting for the soil to dry out. In the event of the buds will have to be cut off. If the transplanted peonies do not grow well in a new place, then they can be transplanted into another planting well in early autumn. This will ensure the growth of suction roots necessary for flowers and correct the shortcomings of spring transplantation, which is bad enough for the development of pions.
When transplanting pions should choose the right place. Poorly take root flowers where there are too many trees. In order for plants to bloom well, cut flowers for bouquets should not be too low, leaving at least 2 leaves on the stem. The best time to divide the pion and transplant is the end of August and September. At this time, there is warm and rainy weather outside, contributing to a good survival rate of the plant.