Gladiolus is a perennial tuft bulb plant long established on our beds. However, gladiolus is unable to survive the winter in the open field, taking into account the temperature regime of our climate. That is why it is promoted as an annual.
What varieties of gladiolus plant?
For planting it is better to choose varieties with early and medium terms. If we dwell on late varieties, then, depending on the weather, of course, they may be late with flowering. Most often, in our country you can meet "gladiolus hybrid." The flowering period is from July to September.
To contain many varieties at the same time is not an easy task. But if you are an amateur, then you can try. Practice has shown that at the summer cottage, it is enough to have 15-25 varieties (for each class 4-6 corm) to please the eye with different color solutions in buds for one to two months.
Any variety should be updated regularly with new corms.
When planting on the site of several varieties at once, do not mix them. Let them grow themselves separately in different places. Why? This is due to the fact that stronger and more resistant plants (by varietal difference) will supplant all others that would be no less beautiful during the flowering period.
Corm planting in springthrows several sword-shaped leaves, and later an inflorescence appears. It consists of 15-26 flowers. Their number may be large. The color is very different. Such beauty will stand for 8-12 days.
During the summer period corms depletes all their reserves of vitality and dies. However, in early autumn a new one is formed, which germinates at the base of the stem. It accumulates in itself nutrients, thereby, providing a plant with all necessary at growth next year. Together with the main corm appear smaller affiliated tubers.
Each year the plant ages and becomes unusable after four to six seasons. Accordingly, you will have to acquire a new corm when the old one dies off, or to grow them into small daughter tubers.
To keep the corm warm in the cold winter, it is dug out and stored until next spring. And so every year.
How to choose the gladiolus to please the purchased material?
Acquire young corms that are grown in your area or in one that is close in climate to yours.
Young corms have a shallow end of 5-8 millimeters. This is the very place in which the children were fastened to the parent plant.
Experienced gardeners divide corms into four groups depending on their size.
- First, those that are more than 3.2 centimeters in diameter.
- The second, corms that fit in sizes from 2.6 to 3.2 centimeters.
- Third, owners of diameter from 1.6 to 2.5 centimeters.
- Fourth,with diameterfrom 1.1 to 1.5 centimeters.
Buy gladioli from any group, but remember that the more powerful inflorescences are in the first two. Corms of the third group, as a rule, bloom seven to ten days later, and have two to six smaller buds.
When and how to plant gladioli. Preparing for landing
Planting material to be prepared in April.
Corms stored in a room at a temperature of 20-25 ° C and low humidity. Observe the condition of the bulbs. Large, cleaned from integumentary scales.
It is best to put the corms on the light kidney up. Select sick from healthy plants. Sick destroy. Wait until they go, so to speak, in growth and give strong shoots. Corms clean for 5-7 days before planting. If they are damaged, cut them the day before planting, and anoint sections with brilliant green or crushed coal.
All material that goes to the landing, you must first be disinfected. To do this, you can use various tools from pharmacies.
And so, the entire planting material is disinfected immediately before planting, for example, in a solution of potassium permanganate for thirty minutes. You can hold a little fertilizer. Perfect with microelements or growth stimulants. The word "little" means time spread from two to three hours to eight to six.
Place for planting gladioli
The site on which landing is supposed, has to be available to open sunshine. Crude terrain will not work.
The best soils for gladioli are light loam or fertile sandy loam. It is also best to plant in places where, until this time, gladioli have not been cultivated for the last six years. If the soil has not been dug over for two to three years, it is also not the best option for planting corms of gladioli.
Preparing the soil for planting gladioli
Preparation begins in the fall. On one square meter of land is taken two buckets of humus. The soil is dug up to a depth of 40 centimeters. Manure is not worth it. He gladiolus not fit. They love subacid soil. If it is necessary to reduce the acidity, in the fall the soil should be lime, and in the spring add ash. To increase the acidity is also not a difficult task. It should only make peat.
The soil should be well heated to 9-10 ° C and dried. This is important so that the root system of the plant is well developed. If you chose a cold and raw place, then wait for developmental delays and diseases that will come quickly.
As a rule, the landing itself is carried out in a row row. The maintained distances between which there should be not less than 20-25 centimeters, and between corms in a row of 10-20 centimeters.
The depth optimal for planting gladioli is 8-12 centimeters. The smaller the corms, the smaller the depth.
Planting babies produced at a depth of 3-5 centimeters with a row spacing of 25-30 centimeters. In one row, the distance is at least 5-6 centimeters between plants.
Gladio hair care
Gladiolus requires 2-3 weeding. Each includes loosening the soil.
Watering should take place regularly after 2-4 weeks after planting and be abundant. Then the moisture penetrates the entire depth of the roots, and it is 30-40 centimeters.
During the summer, it is desirable to feed the plants at least three times. This process will be more effective if carried out in dry warm weather. It is best to use liquid fertilizer on a pre-moistened soil.
However, if there are a lot of nutrients in the soil, fertilizing can be avoided.
Landing should be regularly inspected. Observe the condition of the plants. If diseased plants are found, they will have to be destroyed along with the ground beneath them. Gladioli affected by various diseases are burned.
Cut flowers - the long-awaited result of labor
It is better to carry out this process in the morning, then the flowers look fresh, as they are best provided with moisture. The corms mature further normally if the flowers are cut in such a way that 5-6 leaves are left on the plant. It would be best if you pick flowers fragile without cutting them off. This will prevent the plant from being infected with viral diseases.
When flowers are placed in a vase, the stem is cut once more under water. This will allow flowers to stand fresh longer. It is possible for these purposes to use a solution of sucrose instead of ordinary water. Then the beauty of your favorite flowers will also delight you for a longer time.
The properties that characterize a single sort of gladiolus are fully preserved during breeding by corm and baby. At the same time seeds for reproduction are not used. Why tell me? The point is that the seeds do not have the property of preserving genetic varietal characteristics.
If there are a lot of flowers of the same color in planting, this indicates displacement of the other varieties by a stronger variety. To avoid this, dig and carry out the storage process of corm should be on varietal grounds.
It is important to provide plants with proper care and conditions of detention and breeding. This is the way to a good harvest of flowers and protection from disease. It is necessary to take care of the beauty of flowering. In order to avoid various diseases of gladioli, in the first place, they should be planted on unobstructed and specially trained soil, in the sun, and not be planted too thick. Follow the need for feedings. They should not be overloaded with nitrogen fertilizers. Immediate removal of all diseased plants is a guarantee of safety for healthy ones.
Soil acidity is very important. How? Why, how: on too acidic soils, the probability of rot is higher, and on alkaline soils there is a threat of damage to the corms of gladioli by a bacterial scab.