Regardless of the purpose for which the person started the chickens, their feeding must be properly organized. Food should be balanced and natural, and the products must be of high quality. After all, feeding affects productivity, that is, it will help the chickens to be born all year. In the diet of chickens should be present vegetable feed, mineral and animal, flour mixture and whole grains - these are the main components of their feed.
What feed the chickens in poultry farms?
In poultry farms, the nutrition of chickens depends on the exact purpose for which they are raised there: for the production of eggs, layers, or for the production of meat - broilers. The main component in the compound feed is maize. In terms of their composition, the feed changes as the chicken feeds depending on its age, for example: feed start up from 1 to 7 days, starting feed from 8 to 28, and finishing feed from 29 to 56.
Peculiarities of feeding laying hens
If you decide to have laying hens for yourself, then you will need to pay special attention to their food, otherwise they will not be carried well. This chicken needs up to 70% of carbohydrate feed per day, and the remaining 30% needs protein. Part of the grain, which is prepared for animal feed, it will be better to germinate or steamed. By the way, it can be replaced with potatoes or other edible waste. Do not forget about fresh food, which also sometimes should be fed chickens, for example: roots and greens. You can include in the diet of poultry nettle and hay, and you also need to ensure that animals always have clean water. In the trough itself, you can add sand or gravel - 5-6 grams per week.
The approximate daily diet of laying hens is as follows:
- Oats - 20 g;
- Barley - up to 50 g;
- Corn and wheat grain - up to 70 g;
- Millet - up to 40 g;
- Wheat bran - 25 g;
- Legumes - up to 10 g;
- Sunflower cake - up to 20 g;
- Fish bone meal - 10 g
What to give the birds so that they are well carried?
But what and how is it necessary to feed the chickens so that their ability to carry eggs does not disappear? There are some rules that, if observed, will help support the ability of chickens to lay eggs. To feed the hens is best mixed feed with a stabilized composition, which is suitable for birds of this particular purpose. And the composition of the feed is selected depending on the age of the animal.
Eats a layer 2 times a day. If the bird is still growing, but the eggs have already begun to lay, then it is better to choose nutritious food with high energy value. The bird should eat such food until its ability to lay eggs declines.
The composition of dry food includes products of animal origin. Some manufacturers use in the manufacture of such feeds are not natural ingredients, but their synthetic analogues. In order for the shell and the eggs themselves to be fully formed, various mineral and vitamin supplements should be added to the feed. But to use them as a staple food is prohibited, overdose of such substances can lead to the death of the bird.
Feeding laying hens crushed grain more efficiently. Daily 1 chicken requires no more than 120 g of such food. But a large or solid food is eaten in large quantities, but its nutritional value to the animal body does not give in full.
Wet food is rarely used in its pure form, and indeed, the bird will have to feed them 3 or even 4 times a day. One portion of feed is calculated from the time that was spent by chickens on his eating, on average - up to 50 minutes.
The diet of the hens is arranged as follows: in the morning, the hen should be given 1/3 of the norm of the whole grain, during the day it should be fed with wet food, and in the evening it should be given whole grain. Wet food, or otherwise mash, should not stick together, otherwise it is hard to eat, besides, it will stick to feathers.
How to feed chickens feed?
Most often, poultry farmers do not use pure feed for feeding their wards, but other types of feed are used in a mixture with it. Such a diet is called a combination. At the same time, different types of feed are combined in different proportions, but it is necessary to take into account the age of birds and not to miss the period when the maximum amount of food decreases.
When preparing the ration for the combined form of feeding, the following proportions should be applied: grains of various types (germinated, whole or crushed) - 30% of the total feed volume, grain mixture - up to 40%. Nutrients of animal origin, which are so necessary for domestic birds for normal growth and development - no more than 10% of the total feed. Greens and vegetables - about 15%, and mineral supplements - 5%.
Nowadays, specialists in this field have developed special standards for feeding chickens, such as laying hens, and broilers, as well as other breeds. They indicate at what periods of life and in what quantities the birds need to be given dry granulated feed to achieve the desired effect. These standards can be found in specialized literature, on the Internet. It is especially necessary to study the feeding of young animals with dry feed mixtures.
When combined form of feeding, with the use of self-made feed, the diet of young birds should be tailored to the needs of their body for energy and nutrients. For example: in the first 10 weeks of life, you need to increase the amount of gray proteins in the feed every day, starting with 1.5 g and ending with 11 g. Especially young birds are sensitive to the composition of the feed in the first couple of months of their life, after the diet of their food, you can already safely change. It is only necessary that problems with eating chickens do not arise, and the feed included in its composition the amount of nutrients that they need at this stage of development.
Nowadays, the agricultural industry offers a wide range of feed for chickens, and each poultry farmer can choose the one that best suits his particular bird. The use of animal feed in conjunction with self-made feed will help to make the chicken food balance optimal. Numerous studies and extensive experience in this matter, which poultry farmers managed to accumulate in Russia, will help novice bird owners select the necessary feeds not at random, but in accordance with the standards.
When selecting feeds for poultry such as chickens, it is best to familiarize yourself with the recommendations for feeding certain breeds. This will help the owner to avoid unnecessary mistakes, as well as save his nerves, time and money. Do not forget that the health of such birds must be carefully monitored, and the habits and appetite are the best indicator of their physical condition.