People use soap since ancient times. It is hard to imagine what life would be like without this essential means of hygiene. Nowadays, it is available in various forms. Many people are interested in the composition of cosmetic products and prefer to buy those that contain more natural ingredients. The share of chemicals in such cosmetics is small, however, the price of this product is much higher. That is why homemade soap making has come into fashion.
Liquid Soap: Composition
The composition of liquid soap is very different from that which is produced in solid form. As a rule, it includes the following components:
- Salts (usually soluble salts, potassium and ammonium salts are used).
- Vegetable oils: flaxseed, sesame, hemp, olive, palm, poppy, rape.
- Higher fatty acids: stearic, oleic, myristic, lauric, palmitic.
- Animal fats: seal, cod, whale.
- Additional substances that have detergent properties.
- Dyes: natural and chemical.
- Flavors of chemical origin.
The composition of soap from different manufacturers may differ slightly. There are higher requirements for the baby product. Thus, in its manufacture uses only natural oils and fats, as well as dyes and flavors of natural origin. Most recipes for baby soap include glycerin and various beneficial ingredients (for example, milk proteins and wheat germ extracts).
How to make soap? Initially prepare an aqueous solution of wood ash. Its main components is potassium carbonate - an alkaline substance. It is cooked on a slow fire, as a result an emulsion of the required consistency and composition is obtained. The next stage is the saponification process. Alkali is added to the resulting emulsion, and soap of the required density is prepared. Low-quality types of soap are diluted with substances that increase the mass and volume of the product - talc, alum, anise oil, potato flour, soluble glass, etc.
Aleppo soap: origin and description
The recipe for cooking Aleppo soap was invented in Syria in the 8th century. ad. There is an assumption that in solid form it was made at that time. Aleppo soap is made only from natural ingredients - olive and laurel oils - and does not contain animal fats. This tool is very gentle, but it has a tremendous anti-bacterial and healing effect.
The process of making Aleppo soap is quite complicated and delicate, lasts about 2 weeks. It is divided into several stages, each of which is carried out manually. This makes each piece of soap unique.
Aleppo soap has a soothing, soothing and antiseptic effect; moisturizes and nourishes dry and damaged skin; helps eliminate bruising; strengthens hair and actively fights dandruff.
Marseilles Soap: Composition and Scope
For the first time such a soap was made in the 17th century. in Marseille, and for more than 500 years, it has enjoyed unchanged popularity. During this time, the technology of preparation has not changed at all; the tool is made according to the original recipe of French soap makers. Therefore, in Marseilles soap there are no surfactants and chemical additives (in the 17th century, they were not heard of). Only natural ingredients - olive oil and wood oils.
Marseilles soap is used not only for hygienic procedures. It perfectly copes with household pollution, is an excellent alternative to modern household chemicals, which often leads to allergic reactions and dries the delicate skin of the hands.
In addition, Marseilles soap is very economical to use. It is stored for a long time, even after the expiration date can be used for domestic purposes. But for the body it is better to use a fresh product.
The advantages of Marseilles soap:
- Made exclusively from herbal ingredients.
- It is well dissolved in warm water and practically does not form foam.
- Perfectly dissolves and removes grease.
- Does not contain artificial surface-active components.
- Does not contain preservatives.
- Universally applied.
- The main areas of application of Marseilles soap:
Body and hand wash. Solid soap can be dissolved in water. The result is a thick gel-like mass that resembles a liquid product. It is very convenient to use for hygienic purposes. Soap perfectly nourishes and moisturizes the skin, promotes healing of wounds and soothes irritations.
For cleaning floors covered with various materials: linoleum, ceramic tiles, wood, cork. The required amount of soap is dissolved in a bucket of water and the resulting solution is treated with the surface. This removes almost any dirt and grease.
Cleaning paint rollers and paint brushes. Marseilles soap copes with this difficult task. The soap is dissolved in hot water, and then with this solution they wash the tools that are smeared in paint. Heavily soiled brushes and rollers, as well as dried paint, can be boiled in a soapy solution.
Rubbing wooden floors with soap. In Germany, rubbing soap with softwood floors and countertops. This layer protects the surface from a variety of pollution and permanently retains the natural look and color of wood.
How to make soap from baby soap: recipes
Handmade soap is much more useful than factory. But after all, it is not cheap. What to do? The answer is simple - make soap yourself! For its preparation, you can purchase a special base, which is sold in stores. And you can use the most common baby soap. It contains almost no additives and flavors, so it is great for homemade soap. So, for the preparation of homemade soap you need to stock up on the necessary ingredients and a drop of patience - the process is quite time-consuming.
Homemade Soap: A Basic Recipe
- 100 g of baby soap. It is better to choose the simplest white color, with a neutral faint smell.
- 10 g of any vegetable oil or mixture of oils. Olive and almond oils are great; sesame and cedar; grape seed oil, apricot, sea buckthorn and many others. other
- 100 ml of milk, water or herbal decoction. Herbs should be chosen according to your skin type. So, the decoction of the train and chamomile are great for very sensitive and normal skin. If you have oily problem skin with dilated pores, take oak bark, celandine or calendula.
- Natural essential oils or artificial flavors. It is best to use vegetable aromatic oils: pine, patchouli, jasmine, sandalwood, roses, etc. There are many such oils, each of them has certain healing properties that it is useful to study for making homemade soap.
- Food dyes or dyes from natural products. For example, sea buckthorn oil will give the soap an orange tint, and greens of basil or spinach will color the product in a beautiful emerald green color.
- Optionally, you can decorate the soap. To do this, use a variety of spangles, dried flowers, citrus slices, clay and medicinal mud, oatmeal, coffee beans, etc.
- Bowl or pan - enameled or stainless steel. This dish is not desirable to use later for cooking.
- Forms for soap - silicone or plastic.
- Rub baby soap on a coarse grater and cover with water, milk or herbal decoction. Leave for a while, so that it is swollen.
- Melt the soap in a water bath. As a rule, it takes 10-30 minutes. To speed up the process, you can add 1 tsp to the saucepan. honey or granulated sugar.
- The result should be a homogeneous mass without lumps and foreign inclusions, the consistency of a thick sour cream.
- When the soap is completely melted, remove it from the stove and add essential oils and dyes (if you use food dyes, first dissolve them in water).
- Cool the mixture slightly and pour it into molds. If you want to decorate your soap, put spangles, coffee beans or dried flowers into it before spilling.
- For making homemade soap, you can use special basics. They do not need to rub, they melt easily. From the finished bases you can get a beautiful transparent soap that can not be made from baby detergent.
Homemade soap making is an exciting creative activity. Show a maximum of imagination and a little assiduity, and in your hands there will be a small masterpiece that you cannot buy in any store! The quality of self-made soap will be much higher than the finished one, but its cost will pleasantly surprise you.