Weigela is a beautiful flowering shrub of the honeysuckle family, reaching a height of 1.5 m. It can be an ornament to any garden and the pride of its owner! The plant is unpretentious in the care, and blooms luxuriantly large flowers in the form of bells, which exude a delicate aroma. Moreover, it blooms twice a year - in spring and at the end of summer.
This plant has a lot of colors - there are yellow, cream, purple and pink bells. Interestingly, only the opening buds first have a pale color, and then gradually become brighter and richer. There are 15 varieties of weigela, and in our country only 3 of them have taken root - early, pleasant and Middendorf. Moreover, some varieties of plants begin to bloom even before the appearance of foliage, with an unusual picture of the branches that are covered with flowers.
By the way, the foliage of this plant is also decorative. The leaves have a rich green tint. Or they may be lighter, with white divorces and decorate with a shrub from May to late autumn. Homeland wild weigela is Primorye and the Far East. The peculiarities with which this plant has been awarded by nature help it to adapt to the climate of central Russia. But many varieties of plants do not tolerate winter low temperatures. But frost-resistant species develop well and bloom at the end of cold winters.
Gardeners often use this shrub to create interesting compositions in combination with stunted, or vice versa - tall plants and shrubs. Dwarf weigela varieties look great on Alpine hills around the edge of the lawn.
Before planting a plant, in the first place, you need to decide on the seat itself, and you need to choose it based on some features. Weigela loves light and in the first years of her life she is very susceptible to frost. Therefore, the site for it is necessary such that in winter the high snow cover will remain. A shrub will feel great about a wall or tall plants that will protect it from gusts of wind.
If the plants are planted in the shade, then lush flowering can not wait, and the shade of flowers will be paler than usual. It is better to take root weigela, if it is planted between May and mid-June, in the fall the plant is planted much less frequently. In central Russia, the period of active vegetation is short. That is why the more time the plant has for the development of powerful roots, the easier it will endure winter.
Cuttings for planting can be prepared in the autumn or use green shrubs from the beginning of the month of June. This plant does not like sour soil, so it will be good to add lime to the soil, but this must be done in advance, before planting the cuttings. Weigela also does not tolerate drought, so watering should be regular throughout the growing season, and it is also a key to good growth and development of the shrub.
If there is a need for transplanting an adult plant, then the size of the hole for planting will directly depend on the size of the bush. Its depth must be such that the roots could fit in it without bending. The root neck is not recommended to be deepened. At the bottom of the hole you need to pour drainage - expanded clay or broken brick, and after the mixture of sand and humus in a ratio of 1 to 3, then the ground itself goes and everything is mixed. In the center of the hole, it is necessary to make a low mound, on the sides of which, in consequence, the root system should be expanded. After all, it is filled with soil, compacted and well spilled.
In the spring and summer seasons, the care of the weigela consists of pruning, watering and feeding the plant. If in the spring weigel is fed with complex nitrogen-potassium fertilizers, then this will help him to start growing actively. In the middle of summer, it is better to use phosphate fertilizers.
The shrub is good for regular watering and does not tolerate the drying out of the soil. To prevent this, it is necessary to mulch the soil around the bush wood chips, humus or wood chips. Also in the autumn it is important to prepare the plant for the winter. After all, especially in the first years of growth, weigela does not tolerate the autumn cold and winter frosts. It is best in the month of November to cover the plant with straw, covering material or lapnik. If the bush is not high, then it can be completely closed. Higher individuals should be tied in a bundle and cover the bottom, and lapnik or straw should be scattered around it.
With age, this shrub becomes less and less afraid of frost, and after 3-4 years after planting it will no longer need to cover.
Weigela: reproduction by cuttings
Reproduction of weigela using cuttings is the most popular method. Wood grafting is a rather long method, it will take about 5-6 years to bloom. And it is best to grow and develop this plant, if it is planted with green cuttings. The cuttings are carried out before the kidneys are activated, approximately in April-May. It is necessary to make a straight cut, which will be cut off 10 cm cutting. Then it should be treated with a growth stimulator, for example, with heteroauxin, and then placed in a warm dark room for 12 hours. Then it will need to be planted to a depth of 0.5 cm in a mixture of peat and sand, so that the plant takes root, sprinkle everything on top with sand and cover with foil. At a permanent place of growth cuttings should be planted only after one and a half years. If everything goes well, then in the 3rd year, the bush will already begin to bloom.
Pruning weigela after flowering: the basic principles
- The girth of the crown of the weigela is quite large, but at the same time the plant is very neat. Its crown is growing, albeit actively, but in the correct form and evenly, therefore it is not necessary to engage in molding trimming.
- In general, cut the plant will need for 1 season 2 times. 1st - in the spring, when the leaves begin to open. At this point, it must be rid of dead and dried shoots. The 2nd pruning should be done after flowering, and in the process experienced gardeners recommend cutting down old branches that are 2-3 years old. This should be done to rejuvenate the plant, then the shoots of the shrub will be flexible and aesthetic.
Weigela: plant photo
Weigela is perfect for decoration of any garden plot. Observing the simple rules of planting and caring for this plant, you can achieve its rapid growth and lush flowering only 3 years after placement in the open field!