Regarding the origin of the name of the pion there are several versions. According to one of them, the peony is named in honor of the Hellenic deity, on the other - in honor of the doctor, on the third - by locality in ancient Greece. The peony is known in the most ancient civilization - China. There is his homeland. From there it spread throughout the world.
Peony herbaceous perennial plant, reaches a height of one hundred meters. Leaves are split, with asymmetrical oval elongated lobes. The flowers are large, from simple to terry, single or assembled in several. Flowers of various bright colors and shapes. Bloom from May to June. Late varieties of peony bloom from July.
Types of peonies
It is impossible to say exactly how many species and varieties of peony currently exist. Because all the time they bring out more and more. This is due to the special love of flower growers for these flowers.
Peonies are divided into five main groups. The criterion of separation is the shape of the flowers.
- Simple form (non-double edge). Flowers with one or two rows of petals.
- Semi-double. Flowers with three to five or seven rows of petals.
- Terry. There are a lot of petals, because of them the reproductive organs of the flower are not visible.
- Japanese form. Petals one or two rows. Stamens altered in narrow petals.
- Anemonovidny form. Looks like simple and Japanese petals. Stamens shortened. This form is not very common.
In turn, in this classification there are more units. Terry peonies are divided into rose-shaped, crown, spherical and rhomboid.
It is believed that this classification is imperfect. There are classifications by stem structure. Peonies according to her are divided into tree and herbaceous. In turn, herbaceous are also divided according to various criteria.
See also: How to grow coral sunset peonies?
Peonies - light-loving plants. They should be placed in open sunny places. However, it is important to protect them from the winds. Transfer peonies and penumbra, but it is desirable that they be in the sun for six hours a day (preferably in the morning).
- Prefer peonies loamy, well-cultivated soil. Raw, wetlands, they do not tolerate.
- Needed for normal development of peonies and organic fertilizers. They improve the physical properties of the soil. Organic fertilizers also contribute to the vital activity of microorganisms, which process mineral fertilizers to be absorbed by plants.
- The best time for planting and transplanting peonies for our gardens is mid-August - late September. You can plant peonies in early spring, when the plants have not yet started growing. But the spring transplant peonies suffer worse, especially if it is a transplant by dividing the bush. Therefore, it is advised to transplant peonies in the spring only if absolutely necessary. In decorative properties such peonies noticeably lose.
- When transplanting and planting it is important to choose the right depth of landing. Above the kidney renewal layer of soil should be five centimeters.
- For the prevention of root decay, the rhizome with eyes can be filled with sand with the addition of one or two tablespoons of wood ash.
- It is not necessary to cover the bushes, if all planting dates are met. When planting in late autumn, it is necessary to cover the plants with a layer of leaves, peat or compost for not less than ten centimeters.
- Usually grown peonies in the garden for no more than 15 years. After ten years, the flowers lose their decorative properties, no matter how carefully we look after them. Flowers shrink, buds may not bloom. If you want to leave the plants, then you need to do wells and feed them through them. But this can not always help. It is best to simply propagate the peony by dividing a bush or by cutting and plant it in a new place.
- Peonies are watered once a week or ten days, three buckets per bush. It is necessary that the moisture reached to the depths of the roots. After irrigation, the soil should be loosened, otherwise a crust may form and air access to the roots will be difficult. During loosening can be done at the same time and weeding.
- Cut stalks in the fall, usually in mid-September.
- Cut flowers for a bouquet is better to do in the morning on the first day of flowering or in the budding stage.
Pions and Diseases of Peonies
The most common diseases of peonies are gray mold and rust.
A viral disease affecting peonies is also common - a circular mosaic of leaves. If you find diseased shoots on the plant, they must be cut. The knife or scissors are then disinfected so as not to infect the healthy parts. In case of severe damage, the plants are destroyed (burned).
No less rare are pests such as green bronze and kuzka. These are beetles parasitizing on flowers. In preventive measures, weeds are destroyed (especially the cruciferous family). During budding, the peonies are sprayed with the infusion of a tomato or powdered with the powder of Cheremitsa Lobel.
Use of pions
In the garden, peonies are grown for decorative purposes. They look great both individually and in groups with different varieties or other large-flowered species. Decorate with peonies beds. Peony oil is also used for cosmetic and medical purposes.