You can't confuse the photo of this plant with anything - we have the well-known pansies before us. Viola is very fond of experienced gardeners, but for a beginner, her care can be a source of headache. To prevent this from happening, just follow the advice outlined in the article, and your flower garden will be all envious.
Amuseous viola: method of growing from seed
How to grow a viola? There are 2 ways - by dividing and from seeds. The method of division is more suitable for greenhouses than for the dacha. In our country, pansies are usually propagated by seed, and they can be planted in closed and open ground. Preparation of seedlings begins in late February - early March, and directly at the site of the seed can be sown at the beginning of summer, and in early autumn (towards winter).
For growing seedlings need:
- Prepare the land. The roots of the viola are shallow, so it requires good moisture, but so that the water does not linger in the soil. You can sow seeds on peat tablets, and you can prepare a special soil. We take in equal parts of the forest upper land, garden soil and coarse sand and mix. It is good to add crushed coal to such a soil; it will not allow water to linger.
- Sow the seeds. Seeds are sown in small cups, 2-3 seeds in one. They need to be deepened by about 0.5 cm, slightly sprinkled with earth on top and lightly watered. If you also place a little peat on top, the soil will remain wet for a longer time, and the seeds will germinate faster. You can also cover the cups with film or glass.
- Prepare seedlings. The first sprouts appear already on the 5th day after sowing. At 7-8 day shoots need to thin out, if more than one. Leave the strongest and healthiest sprout. Even within a month, seedlings will enter into force, while it must be watered frequently, making sure that the soil does not become too wet. When watering, it is not necessary to irrigate the whole plant, gently pour water under the spine. A couple of weeks after germination in the soil is to add mineral supplement.
Subtleties of landing and care for the viol
Seedlings can be planted in open ground in mid-May, in which case they will bloom in August. Viola tolerates the transplant rather well, however in the future the plant will bush up strongly, so leave enough space between seedlings - 25-30 cm.
Planting pansies is desirable in a place that is well lit by the sun, but not all day long - the plant also needs shadow. If you plant the viola in the shade, its flowers will be rare, small and pale.
Before transplanting, dig holes in the ground for each seedling and powder the bottom with coarse sand or crushed coal. Due to this, the water will not stagnate at the roots, which will save the plant from the disease "black leg".
An adult viol requires a lot of attention from its owner. Firstly, it is necessary to water it daily and often loosen the ground. On hot days, watering is sometimes required even twice a day. Secondly, pansies have weak shallow roots, so they are afraid of weeds - the flowerbed must be weeded regularly. Thirdly, for intensive flowering every 3 weeks, it is desirable to fertilize the viol with mineral fertilizer.
However, if you follow these simple rules, pansies will delight you with flowering twice a season - from late May to early July and from late August almost to the first frost. For the winter, the viola should be covered with spruce leaves, sawdust or dry leaves.
Thus, no matter how whimsical the viola ampelna seems to you, growing out of seeds, subject to certain rules, can give excellent results even if you are not an experienced gardener.