Brunfelzia ((Brunfelsia) belongs to the family of the nightshade. It is an evergreen ornamental shrub. People often call it "Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow" ("Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow"), mainly because of the unusual flowering with the display of flower time.
Despite its rarity, the plant is represented somewhere in 30 species.
Brunfelsia grows leathery oblong-oval leaves up to 7-8 cm long. Fragrant large flowers (up to 6 cm in diameter) attract with rich colors and variations of shades from white, pale lilac to deep blue-violet. The flowers are tubular, changing their color depending on the period of flowering. At first, the dark purple color is complemented by a white center. Then, after a short time, the whisk becomes purple. On the fifth day, complete whiteness is achieved.
The gradual blooming of flowers (starting from spring and ending with the end of summer) is the cause of the simultaneous flowering of violet, purple and white flowers.
Most often found in Brazil, which is considered its homeland. It also grows in areas of tropical America, in the Greater and Lesser Antilles.
The ideal place for bruunfelzii is a uniformly lit space (without direct sunlight falling directly on the plant), regular watering (water temperature around 20 ° C) and the absence of sudden temperature changes. It is best for the plant to maintain an ambient temperature of 20 ° C in summer and above 15–16 ° C in winter.
Pruning bush for the formation is carried out in the spring.
In summer, watering is abundant, with an additional spraying of foliage and flowers. In winter, watering stops, there comes a period of rest.
Brunfelziyu feed up every 10 days in spring and summer. To do this, choose several types of fertilizers, which alternate with each other. In the fall, they gradually stop feeding in order to provide peace to the plant in winter.
Lignified and semi-lignified cuttings are the most convenient breeding method for bruunfelsia. But, if you wish, you can use basal shoots (with the so-called "heel") or seeds.
Since cuttings take root for a long time (up to several months), then they are planted only in spring or autumn, in warm weather. Pure sand mixed with sphagnum is used as a substrate. Some gardeners additionally process cuttings growth.
For the soil choose a mixture: turf and leaf soil evenly mixed with peat, sand and charcoal. It is best to stick to the proportions 2: 2: 2: 1: 1. If necessary, add to the ground drainage using charcoal.
The first year for Brunfelzia is a period of rapid growth, so it is transplanted up to 3 times (while increasing the size of the pot or pot). Young plants should be transplanted annually. Transplantation takes place in the spring or immediately after flowering.
You should beware of aphids and shields, which often affect this shrub.
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